IJSRET Volume 6 Issue 5, Sep-Oct-2020


A Design and Performance Analysis of 64-bit Multiplier based on Rounding Based Approximation Technique
Authors:-M.Tech. Scholar Md Dilnawaz Hansala , Assistant Professor Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi

Abstract:- Multipliers play a vital job in the present digital signal handling and different applications. With advances in innovation, numerous scientists have attempted and are endeavoring to structure multipliers which offer both of the following plan targets – high speed, low power utilization, consistency of design and henceforth less zone or even mix of them in one multiplier in this way making them appropriate for different high speed, low power and minimal VLSI usage.

Power Efficient Radix-2 DIT FFT using Folding Technique and DKG Reversible Gate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Shashi Shekhar Singh, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- FFT is normally utilized in computerized flag preparing algorithms. 4G correspondence and different remote framework-based correspondence are directly hotly debated issues of innovative work in the remote correspondence and organizing field. FFT is a calculation that speeds up the count of DFT. In the main stage, low multifaceted nature Radix-2 Multi-way Delay Commutator (R2MDC) FFT recurrence change method is created through Exceptionally Large-Scale Integration System structure condition. Low power utilization, less zone and rapid are the VLSI primary parameters. Customary R2MDC FFT structure has more equipment multifaceted nature because of its escalated computational components. Two strategies are utilized to plan radix-2 FFT calculation. In firest strategy is plan radix-2 FFT with the help of reversible Peres gate and TR gate. Second method is design radix-2 FFT with the help of reversible DKG Gate. The all structure are usage vertex-4 device family Xilinx programming and looked at past calculation.

Power Quality Improvement at Grid Using Virtual Synchronous Machine in Solar Power Plant
Authors:-Rahul R. Bhende, Dr. S.P. Muley, Prof. S.C. Suke

Abstract:- Renewable power primarily based dispensed power mills are getting an crucial a part of the destiny electricity structures. Power electronic converters are commonly used an interface between the renewable energy supply and the software grid. Since the strength virtual converters do not possess any rotating inertia like a synchronous generator, fast fluctuations in strength supply and call for purpose unexpected deviations inside the grid frequency in electricity virtual converter ruled weak grids. A virtual synchronous machine (VSM) approach for controlling the inverters related to the grid tries to mimic the behaviour of a synchronous system and offers virtual inertia to the grid via distinctive feature of the electrical garage. In this paper a simple virtual synchronous machine control strategy based totally on swing equation is proposed for 3 phase grid linked inverters. The proposed manage strategy is implemented in desk bound reference body and does not need a section locked loop for grid synchronization unlike a few of the existing strategies. The virtual synchronous device unit consists of a DC-link linked thru a three-section voltage supply converter with an LCL-clear out into the grid and the corresponding local manipulate machine. A check setup of the virtual synchronous system unit with the specification of 200 V, 50 Hz, 1 kW is evolved within the laboratory environment to validate the control scheme. Different performance research together with actual and reactive power manipulate of VSM, effect of variation within the value of inertia of VSM at the electricity reaction, response of VSM for the grid frequency variant have been performed. The overall performance of VSM control is in comparison with the conventional stoop control approach for the grid connectedc onverters.

High Speed Multi-Level Discrete Wavelet Transform Using Canonic Signed Digit Technique
Authors:- Kumar Anuj Sinha, Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:-A few designs have been proposed for productive VLSI usage of 2-D DWT for continuous applications. It is discovered that multipliers expend more chip zone and builds unpredictability of the DWT engineering. Multiplier-less (M-less) equipment usage approach gives an answer for lessen chip zone, bring down equipment unpredictability and higher throughput of calculation of the DWT architecture. The proposed design outline is (i) priority must be given for memory complexity optimization over the arithmetic complexity optimization or reduction of cycle period and (ii) memory utilization efficiency to be considered ahead of memory reduction due to design complexity of memory optimization method. Based on the proposed design outline four separate design approaches and concurrent architectures are presented in this thesis for area-delay and power efficient realization of multilevel 2-D DWT. In this theory a M-less VLSI engineering is proposed utilizing new circulated math calculation named CSD. We show that CSD is an exceptionally effective design with adders as the primary part and free of ROM, duplication, and subtraction. The proposed engineering utilizing CSD gives less deferral and least number of cut looked at the current design. The simulation was performed using XILINX 14.1i and ModelSim simulator.

Implementation of Power Area Efficient 32-Bit Approximate Multiplier with Improved Accuracy
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Priti Shrivastava, Dr.Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- Approximate computing has received significant attention as a promising strategy to enhance performance of multiplication. Various arithmetic operations such as multiplication addition, subtraction are important part of digital circuit to speed up the computation speed of processor. This paper presents 32 bit approximate multiplier for high speed and low delay for advance digital signal processing. Previous it is designed at 16 bit for various applications. Research work is focus on hardware-level approximation by introducing the partial product perforation technique and dadda multiplier for designing approximate multiplication circuits. Xilinx 14.7 is used to implementation with verilog programming language.

Blockchain-Based Access Control Framework in Patient-Centered Interoperability
Authors:- Qingsong Zhao, Rodney Thompson

Abstract:- Interoperability is one of the most critical functions in Health Information System (HIS), which is shifting from Hospital-Centered Interoperability (HCI) to Patient-Centered interoperability (PCI). However, in HIS there isn’t a framework that supports patient to protect their information’s confidentiality and integrity, and to audit data usage. In this paper, we look at Blockchain and Smart Contract technologies and their key features that make blockchain the technology to solve the problem. We then propose a Blockchain-based access control framework in patient-centered interoperability and its implementation.

Enhanced Performance Reversible ALU Design Using Reversible HNG Gate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Mohini Mehra, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- ALU is the most essential block of any computer, microprocessor and digital signal processors DSPs. All the arithmetic and logical operations are performed inside the arithmetical and logic unit of the processor. The processing speed of the CPU is relying upon the complexity of the logics inside.Programmable reversible logic is developing as a prospective logic configuration style for execution in present day nanotechnology and quantum computing application with insignificant effect on generation of circuit heat. Late advancement in reversible logic utilizing and quantum computation algorithms take into account to enhance computers architecture and arithmetic logic unit architecture. The proposed ALU control unit configuration is made up from three Feynman reversible logic gates, three R-I reversible logic gates and one Fredkin reversible logic gate which is synthesized and simulated on Xilinx.14.7 ISE design suite. The simulation of proposed design has been done on Vertex-7 device family using Xilinx Isim HDL simulator. The obtained results are comparatively better as compared to existing results. The proposed design has quantum cost efficient. The quantum cost evaluated is “26n”, has minimum garbage output evaluated “5n” and ancilla-input evaluated “3n+2” where “n” is the number of bits. With respect of device utilization, proposed design occupies less area reduced about to 12.86% and minimum aggregate evaluated delay is 5.96ns to achieve high- speed.

Design and Analysis of Low Power Consumption I0T Full Adder Circuit
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Sheetal Sahani, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- This paper presents a design methodology using CMOS transistor for the architecture of full adder design with minimum number of transistor i.e. reduced size and reduced area for low power consumption in CMOS 90nm technology. This is used to implement low power full adder design for carrying out summation of three different input bits. The circuit of low power full adder is designed by using DSCH tool 2.7 & analysis of the low power full adder design is done at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology by using Micro wind tool 2.6.The result shows the comparison in CMOS technology at 90 nm rule on the design in regards of power dissipation, signal propagation delay, transistor counts and power delay product. A comparison is also carried out by some of the parameters taking into consideration like delay of the low power full adder circuit design with the base paper full adder design, which shows the advantage of the proposed low power full adder design. We are using two different simulation tools such as DSCH 2.7 for circuit design and Micro-wind 2.6 for waveform simulation. Firstly the low power full adder circuit will be designed using DSCH tool 2.7 using 10 transistor maintaining W/L ratio 3:1. Then the Verilog code of the design is made and the layout will be made in CMOS 90 nm technology using microwind tool 2.6. The low power full adder circuit using 10T design will be simulated at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology to compare different parameters like power consumption, delay, PDP & transistor counts.

Phytorid Technology
Authors:- Madhavi Sawant, Kalpesh Aware, Yogesh Honrao

Abstract:- – Demand for water is increasing day by day, we need to develop various low-cost technologies which could be implemented at point source as well as at individual houses so that wastewater could be treated and reused at house-hold levels and hence reducing the loads on sewage treatment plants. Also, at various places treated wastewater from sewage treatment plants is disposed in natural waterways such as rivers, lakes and hence they are polluted and increases risk of hygiene. Hence in order to reduce pollution and to make smart use of wastewater for future purposes one technology which is used is Phytorid Technology. This technology is a patented technology and is dependent on various plant species. The aim of this project is providing a system which is low-cost, low-maintenance, and which works without disturbing ecosystem. To improve the quality to water without causing ground-pollution is done by considering various water parameters which should be satisfied for reusing the water for various purposes with reference of IS 3025 code books.

Performance Analysis of Low Power high speed 1-Bit CMOS Full Adder Cell
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Ayushi Katiyar, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- This paper presents a design methodology using CMOS transistor for the architecture of full adder design with minimum number of transistor i.e. reduced size and reduced area for low power consumption in CMOS 90nm technology. This is used to implement low power full adder design for carrying out summation of three different input bits. The circuit of low power full adder is designed by using DSCH tool 2.7 & analysis of the low power full adder design is done at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology by using Micro wind tool 2.6.The result shows the comparison in CMOS technology at 90 nm rule on the design in regards of power dissipation, signal propagation delay, transistor counts and power delay product. A comparison is also carried out by some of the parameters taking into consideration like delay of the low power full adder circuit design with the base paper full adder design, which shows the advantage of the proposed low power full adder design. We are using two different simulation tools such as DSCH 2.7 for circuit design and Micro-wind 2.6 for waveform simulation. Firstly the low power full adder circuit will be designed using DSCH tool 2.7 using 10 transistor maintaining W/L ratio 3:1. Then the Verilog code of the design is made and the layout will be made in CMOS 90 nm technology using microwind tool 2.6. The low power full adder circuit using 10T design will be simulated at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology to compare different parameters like power consumption, delay, PDP & transistor counts.

Clothes Hanging System
Authors:- Rajalakshmi, Sangeetha, Yaswini, Mathivathana oviya pavai T

Abstract:- The unstable weather condition can make difficulty in drying clothes and the situation will become worse if it is raining. For people who are working, surely they worried about their clothes that left dry outside. This project introduces smart outdoor clothes hanging system that can automatically detect the atmosphere conditions and the presence of rain and the sunlight and provide the shelter for the clothes to protect them rain and also automatically retrieve out the clothes when it is the sunny day and oppositely retrieve in the clothes when it is a rainy day.The dry-time of the clothes will be counted and it will automatically retrieve-in the clothes when the dried-time is finished. This project will make use of various sensors such as rain sensor, LDR sensor and moisture sensor for detecting rain,light intensity and dryness respectively. Day conditions will display sunny, cloud or rainy.Soft iron plate is placed for placing the wet clothes and their movements are controlled by gear motors which are placed on either side. This hanger system can be used in hospitals, hostels and home.

A Review on Image Object Segmentation Features on Various Techniques and Limitations
Authors:- Neha Agrawal, Dr. Farha Haneef

Abstract:- Image segmentation is defined as a partition realized to an image into homogeneous regions to modify it into something that is more meaningful and softer to examine. Although several segmentation approaches have been proposed recent years. As amount of data increases so manual segmentation and identification is tough. So there is a need of mechanized procedure for precise segmentation of image. Distinctive programmed strategies have been produced till date to expand the precision for segmentation finding. In this paper distinctive techniques for object segmentation done by various researchers with benefits and drawbacks of these prior proposed work.

Image Restoration Using Sparse Dictionary Matrix Learning K-Svd Algorithm
Authors:- Rahul Joshi R, Saranyu P, Vijay R E, Associate Prof. J. Deepa

Abstract:- Images captured in smoky weather conditions causes the poor visibility, which will create a more impacts on the outdoor computer vision systems, such as video surveillance, intelligent transportation assistance system, remote sensing space cameras and so on. In certain situations, actual visibility restoration approaches cannot able to restore images due to poor evaluation of haze thickness and the determination of color cast problems. In our work, we propose a visibility restoration approach to effectively solve inadequate haze thickness estimation and alleviate color cast problems. By doing so, a high-quality image with clear visibility and color can be generated to improve the visibility of single input image (with fog or haze), as well as the image’s details. Our approach process from two important statistical observations about haze-free images and the haze itself. First, Wavelet decomposition is applied and LUM Filter is applied on the decomposed image. Finally, we can get the dehazed output.

Prevention of Food Wastage Using Mobile Application
Authors:-Associate Professor V Gokula Krishnan(M.Tech., Phd), V Dhathanamoorthy, P Karan, N J Kishore

Abstract:- According to different sources, 25% to 40% of food products are wasted in the world. There is something that we still don’t see: food wasted by restaurants, shops or industries. There is also something we can see: food wasted by ourselves. This is the range focus of communities, through the management of wasted products of catering firms. Now a days People are aware of importance of food but there are no platform to share information about the excess of food available in the particular restaurants, shops and even in our homes for non-profitable organizations to offer food to the needy. We propose an android application in which the registered user can post the extra available food in their community for other users to come and get use of it by taking the extra food to the people in need.

Social BOT Detection for Twitter Dataset by User Action and Genetic Algorithm
Authors:- Sanjay Soni , Dr. Ritu Shrivastava

Abstract:- Digital platform dependency of today era attract promoters to brand product services. So unwanted posting was done by some programs known as bot. Number of researchers have proposed different techniques to identify these bots which was post by bot programs. This paper has developed a model to identify bots from real user. User action were analyze as features for classification of bots and real user. Whole processes adopt graph based clustering and teacher learning based optimization genetic algorithm. Graph based clustering classify user into two class and genetic algorithm find the class representative action sequence in form of features. Experiment was done on real twitter dataset and result shows that proposed model has increase the detection accuracy of work.

Twitter Fake News Analysis using Classification Techniques
Authors:- Khushbu Tomar, Prof. Manoj Kumar Nagar

Abstract:- Sentiment analysis is the computational study of opinions, sentiments, evaluations, attitudes, views and emotions expressed in text. It refers to a classification problem where the main focus is to predict the polarity of words and then classify them into positive or negative sentiment. Sentiment analysis over Twitter offers people a fast and effective way to measure the public’s feelings towards their party and politicians. The primary issue in previous sentiment analysis techniques is the determination of the most appropriate classifier for a given classification problem. If one classifier is chosen from the available classifiers, then there is no surety in the best performance on unseen data. So, to reduce the risk of selecting an inappropriate classifier, we are combining the outputs of a set of classifiers. Thus, in this paper, we use an approach that automatically classifies the sentiment of tweets by combining machine learning classifiers with lexicon-based classifier. We physically mark a broad Twitter data set of 100,000 tweets and perform low quality content discovery continuously dependent on the described noteworthy highlights and word level investigation. The consequences of our exploration demonstrate that our technique has a high precision of 0.9170 and a decent F1 of 0.9460 dependent on an irregular woodland classifier with continuous execution in the discovery of low-quality substance in tweets. Our work in this manner accomplishes a positive effect in improving client involvement in perusing internet-based life content.

Power Quality Improvement Using Istatcom (Improved Statcom) With DFIG
Authors:-M.Tech. Student Kuldeep Singh, Assistant Professor Dr. Bhupendra Kumar

Abstract:- In tradition power compensation devices and controlling techniques many disadvantage like only analyzing lower stability citeraia.one other hand our proposed ISTATCOM (Improved STATCOM) provide higher stability and lower losses. These are simulating MATLAB2015A software using Simulink. In this research work also gives a more stabilize DFIG system to controlling of power compensation ISTATCOM.

A Review of Power Quality Improvement Using Istatcom (Improved Statcom) With DFIG
Authors:- M.Tech. Student Kuldeep Singh, Assistant Professor Dr. Bhupendra Kumar

Abstract:- Along with the increasing of electricity load type and capacity, the problems of the power quality, especially reactive power and harmonic, are a serious threat to the safe operation of power grid. Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), as an important member of the FACT, has been widely used as the state-of the-art dynamic shunt compensator for controlling reactive power in transmission and distribution. It has attracted an extensive attention in domestic and foreign scientific and engineering fields with excellent performances of its smooth reactive power regulation and fast dynamic characteristics. Comparing with the traditional synchronous condenser. Static var compensator SVC, STATCOM which has a small size, a faster speed, a wide operation range has a great advantage in performance and can effectively compensate the reactive power, suppress harmonic current and provide voltage support for transmission system, it will be more and more widely used. This paper introduces the background, application status, challenges and development trend of STATCOM, pointing out that with the development of new technology and new power electronic devices and STATCOM in distribution network, STATCOM will occupy a very important position in the grid.

Review on Kinetic Energy Recovery System for Bicycle
Authors:- Khushbu Tomar, Prof. Manoj Kumar Nagar

Abstract:- This paper is a literature review on KERS for bicycle. Kinetic Energy Recovery System, commonly abbreviated KERS, is a system to recover the Kinetic energy of a moving vehicle under braking. This system stores the kinetic energy in the form of potential energy and converts it back to kinetic energy when needed. When riding a bicycle it becomes too tiresome to start the bicycle again after braking. If the bicycle is provided with a kinetic energy recovery system then the rider will have two power sources that he can use at his will. When brakes are applied kinetic energy is wasted because the kinetic energy converts into heat energy due to friction at the contact surface and the heat energy dissipates into the atmosphere due to thermal radiation. Vehicles equipped with KERS devices are able to take some of its kinetic energy out slowing down the vehicle. This is a form of braking in which energy is not wasted, instead gets stored in some device. Using a proper mechanism, this energy that is stored in terms of potential energy can be converted back into kinetic energy to give the vehicle an extra boost of power. In the literature review different types of available KERS systems are compared and a mechanical based KERS system is found to be the best suitable for a bicycle.

Student Information System
Authors:- Professor Apeksha Gopale, Kharmale Akshay Kans, Khan Nayaab Moiz Ahmed, Siddiqui Shamshad Hussain

Abstract:- (SIS) Student Information System enables us to access all of the necessary forms of information required by the users or the teachers to manage their own or others authorized record, let’s say students records in an automated manner over the internet at any point in time [1]. The information or the documents of the c and date sor students are manipulated in such a way that it provides an alliance with the system to balance the student’s information. The organizations such as big universities make use of or recycle the records of the students very effectively and efficiently [5]. All the data available in the form of digital documents which are updated, modernize and renovated time to time by the department or the administration, which in this case is the faculties and the higher authorities in an organization, are most likely to be treated as sensitive data for every section [2]. The college details as well as the student’s details along with the course and batch details followed by curriculum and placement details and more importantly academic-related records and reports with all the necessary resources are taken care of or handheld by the (SIS) Student Information System [3]. The Student information system allows us to examine and analyses all the interest,affairs and transactions in the college, Different ambiguity and uncertainties can be produced and established on various substitute or preferences related to the student’s semester including the courses and the examination[2].

Design and Development of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Instructional Trainer
Authors:- Orlando D. Sumalpong, Jr. , Dr. Alenogines L. San Diego

Abstract:- The study aims to infuse advanced educational technology in classroom instruction or training on refrigeration and air conditioning. Specifically, the focus of the study includes designing, developing, fabricating, and evaluating the instructional trainer. Through simulations, end-users experiences the actual function of the refrigeration and air conditioning system that could help enhance students learning capabilities and skills in basic troubleshooting on both electrical and the mechanical system. This trainer was evaluated by twenty-five (25) respondents composed of two (2) faculty and twenty-three (23) students to determine its level of quality in terms of functionality, reliability, portability, aesthetics, economy, safety, and academic impact using a descriptive survey questionnaire. Based on the result of the study, the trainer’s functionality, reliability, portability, safety, and academic impact are Excellent while the aesthetics and the economy are Very Good. This implies that the trainer serves its purpose in providing comprehensive teaching-learning capabilities to equip the users with thorough knowledge and skills. It is recommended for further research studies to use Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) in monitoring and in detecting the pressure and temperature of the refrigeration system; to inject more faults in the trainer to enhance the troubleshooting skills of the students, and to mount a whiteboard for lecture purposes at the back of the trainer.

Predicting and Managing Data using Data Analytics
Authors:- S.Kaviarasan, E.Venkatesh, S.Shrinivasan, E.L.Sarath Pranev

Abstract:- Stock value forecast has been an inclining yet mystifying topic for quite a long period of time. These days developing of information become essential effort to store and maintain information. On the other hand due to availability of large number of data in all fields, it helps to manipulate the available data and makes that data to get useful by required way. Because of increased data volume information become significant job in all spots. By considering an under-used information source client can assume a job, for example, forecast of future investigation. Using corporate to analyze and build the predictor for future visit volume and for corporate predicts the stock price for product get falls up and down. By utilizing information sources we exhibiting the extravagance of the information source, shows how the information can be utilized to improve stock cost in corporate, finds intriguing patterns and conduct, gives stock cost to item finds a workable pace. The aftereffect of these examination are made utilizing KNN and mix calculation. This assists with understanding the upside of investigation of information and forecast report shows the information in visual diagram which makes the client to improve understanding.

Performance of Total Quality Management in Manufacturing Industry to Increase Production Rate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Gaurav Awadhiya, Professor Trilok Mishra

Abstract:- The main objectives in implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) in any organizations are to ensure their products manufactured or services provided shall satisfy their customers’ requirements and needs. Therefore, the level of awareness of TQM has increased considerably over the past few years. Due to this reason, the objectives of this research are carried out to investigate the level of TQM implementation and to pinpoint areas lacking in implementation in a manufacturing industry.A case study on a TQM project in a manufacturing industry is formulated and presented. The objective of this thesis is to study the application of some important TQM tools and techniques subsequently study the benefits gained through implementation of these tools. The analysis will be carried out on the basis of research on TQM in the practice, pointed out in literature by different authors in this field. The finding shows that productivity of RPS assembly line YAD model improves by increasing the production rate from 77% to 99 %. The evidence presented shows that companies that do adopt quality cost model are successful in reducing quality costs and improving quality for their customers.

Twitter Data Analysis using Machine Learning Classification Techniques
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Nisha Kumawat, Assistant Professor P. Kumar Choure

Abstract:- Sentiment analysis is the computational study of opinions, sentiments, evaluations, attitudes, views and emotions expressed in text. It refers to a classification problem where the main focus is to predict the polarity of words and then classify them into positive or negative sentiment. Sentiment analysis over Twitter offers people a fast and effective way to measure the public’s feelings towards their party and politicians. The primary issue in previous sentiment analysis techniques is the determination of the most appropriate classifier for a given classification problem. If one classifier is chosen from the available classifiers, then there is no surety in the best performance on unseen data. So, to reduce the risk of selecting an inappropriate classifier, we are combining the outputs of a set of classifiers. Thus, in this paper, we use an approach that automatically classifies the sentiment of tweets by combining machine learning classifiers with lexicon-based classifier. We physically mark a broad Twitter dataset of 100,000 tweets and perform low quality content discovery continuously dependent on the described noteworthy highlights and word level investigation. The consequences of our exploration demonstrate that our technique has a high precision of 0.9170 and a decent F1 of 0.9460 dependent on an irregular woodland classifier with continuous execution in the discovery of low-quality substance in tweets. Our work in this manner accomplishes a positive effect in improving client involvement in perusing internet-based life content.

Review of The Optimal Coordination of Directional Overcurrent Relay Using Moth Flame Optimization
Authors:- Shobha Goswami, Assistant Professor Tikeshwar Gajpal

Abstract:- A comprehensive review of different optimal coordination methods like seekers algorithm, fire fly algorithm, hybrid genetic algorithm, hybrid PSO, artificial bees colony, flower polliation ,CMA-ES algorithm, GANLP for mitigate the relay problem. Relay coordination is essential to ensure quick operation of relays in order to avoid the excessive damage to the equipment’s and end users consumers. As the probability of shunt fault occurring in the network is higher comparatively so protection is done accordingly. Relay coordination means coordination of proper relaying operation with certain insight between primary and back-up relays pair connected in the network.

Cargo Management System Using Ethereum Blockchain
Authors:- Rensen S., HeadSajeev J., Principal Dr. Mahalakshmi T.

Abstract:- The Cargo management system is developed in truffle framework, Solidity, Php and has the MySql database. The objective of this product is to deal with all the cargo business. The product stores the subtle elements of the packages the client need to dispatch. The name of the package, weight, number of packages or compartments, starting point port, and the destination port. During shipping as indicated by the data given by various clients, every one of the bundles is loaded and shipped. The quantity of packages is noted down in the product and the same report is given to the clients of the destination port. At the point when the packages achieve the destination place, the client of the destination place verifies whether every one of the packages is available and are come to securely. If so bundles of clients are partitioned again and they are sent to their goal put either through train or through street transport. At the point when the packages have achieved their last address, a notice is sent to the client of the cause place. The client must pay the transportation to add up to the freight administration.

Reciting Chatbot for Image Recognition in Goal-Driven Training
Authors:- S. Kaviarasan, M.Arun Prakash, S. Arun Raj, K. Ram Kumar

Abstract:- In the age of Chatbots, they’re assisting us to locate merchandise, places, food or even clear up customer service problems with increasing in AI technology. Chatbot will educate you concerning noteworthy matters just like the need to click a hyperlink or they are human, no longer robots. Especially, given an image, a discourse history, and a picture issue, the specialist must ground the photo question, result in records placing, and solution the inquiry precisely. User photos may be uploaded to the chatbot API and then the photo can be processed. After that API displays remark approximately the image which we uploaded. In that grounded records can be degraded to bot by consumer over a long chat. To enhance this, we generally tend to devise an honest auxiliary goal that encourages Q-BOT to raise diverse queries, accordingly decreasing repetitions and subsequently optional A-BOT to explore a bigger kingdom residence all through RL i.e. To be exposed to quite a few visible ideas to speak about, and varied inquiries to reply. This may be performed by way of aim pushed training to customers query to get a greater precise solution to the consumer.

Sentimental Analysis on Social Data Using Machine Learning and Supervised Learning Techniques
Authors:- Pillala Sri Harsha Devi

Abstract:- Social Website provides a convenient platform, on which users can share information with their friends and post their timely status or attitude. There exits the most up to date and heterogeneous data of users, different social websites provide various functions that users can upload, comment and repost messages with different media types. Sentiment analysis aims at computationally identifying people’s opinion or attitude towards entities such as events, topics or product features. This work is also known as opinion mining or subjectivity analysisSentimental analysis on social data i.e., sentiment analysis can apply to almost all possible domains like products, services for social events and political elections, market research, social media, advertising, recommendation systems, email filtering, stock market prediction, upcoming movie reviews sentiment prediction, book reviews sentiment, etc In the existing system sentiment orientation from review text documents using machine learning and supervised learning algorithm techniques. The algorithms that are projected and implemented are Naive Bayes (NB), Support vector Machine (SVM) and K-means clustering algorithmic methods. We enhanced these techniques to develop more accurate results using Neural network and deep learning algorithms and features.

Heist Tracking and Prevention in ATM Utilizing IOT and Blynk Server
Authors:- M. Sugapriya

Abstract:- In the digitalization, everybody needs cash without cooperation with bank whenever along these lines the ATM (Automotive Teller Machines) are introduced wherever inside the localities. Because the measure of ATMs expanded, anticipation of robbery and security of client is that the prime goal. at this, security frameworks aren’t profoundly made sure about as they’re just given alert. This venture manages plan and usage of ATM security framework utilizing NODEMCU. The prime target of this undertaking is, to make sure about the ATM framework utilizing IOT and vibration sensor. When a hoodlum enters and attempted to hurt the machine, the vibration sensor which is appended to the machine get vibrated and imparts the sign to the NODEMCU microcontroller. When the regulator gets signal, it bolts the entryway of ATM room by imparting sign to the dc engine and sprinkler sprinkles the chloroform to shape the hoodlum oblivious. The ringer additionally will be getting initiated simultaneously to alarm the close by individuals of ATM framework. All the while, the regulator will make an impression on an authorized individual of the bank through GPS modem and subsequently the entryway is made to open simply in the wake of entering the secret phrase by the bank staff.

Effect of Infill parameters on Time, Material Length, Weight and Price in 3d Printing
Authors:- Vishal Vijay Gholkar

Abstract:- As we know that 3D printing is new emerging technology that growing fast and lots of research carried out on this topic. This paper show that effects of three different infill patterns on printing time, length, weight of material and price in 3D printing. Standard 3D printers use 13 different types of infill patterns. We tested infill patterns of lines, zigzag and cubic with different layer thickness, speed, infill percentage to calculate length and weight printing time and price using Cura software. An orthogonal array was used for the experimental design. Optimum process parameters were determined by the gray relational grade obtained from the gray relational analysis. The results showed that the layer thickness 0.4mm, speed 80mm/sec, infill percentage 40%, and infill pattern cubic had the fastest printing time as compared to others.

Determinants of Members’ Participation in Maize Marketing through Cooperative: The Case of Boreda District of Gamo Zone, Ethiopia
Authors:- Tariku Wobete M.sc., Tekle Leza, Ph.D.

Abstract:- Cooperative, as economic enterprises, play a meaningful role in uplifting the socio-economic conditions of their members and their local communities. Reducing the challenges the agricultural cooperatives are facing, and using their potentials can support to have tenth agricultural sector and economic growth of the country. The objective of this study is therefore to identify determinants of members’ participation in maize marketing through cooperatives at Boreda District of Gamo Zone, Ethiopia. Primary and secondary data were collected for this study. Multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select three Multi-Purpose Primary cooperatives and out of 733 cooperative members, 129 sample respondents were selected. Primary data to the year 2019 was collected from selected respondents through the interview Schedule. Out of the total sampled households, 73.64%, and 26.36% participants and non- participants were selected through maize marketing cooperative respectively. Descriptive statistics were used to compare the socio-economic and institutional characteristics of the participants and non-participants households of maize marketing through cooperative. The T-test was used to determine whether there is a significant difference between the means of two groups and Chi-square test was used to see the relationship between the two groups. Heckman two-stage selection models were employed to identify the participation decision and level of participation of cooperative members in the maize market. A total of fifteen explanatory variables were included in the descriptive analysis, off which eight variables influenced the members’ participation in maize marketing through cooperative. Whereas thirteen explanatory variables were incorporated in the Heckman two stage model and eight variables such sex, education status, farm size, farm experience, non-farm income, market distance, cooperative members satisfaction and maize production significantly affects the participation decision in maize market through cooperative. And four variables such as, farm size, training, market distance and members’ satisfaction significantly influence the level of participation in maize marketing through cooperative. The policy implication of this study is that continuous training, and education, improved maize production with diversification of income sources has to be maintained.

Pushover Analysis of Steel Structures
Authors:- Narla Sai Krishna, Assistant Professor P.Hanuma

Abstract:- In a decades ago Steel structure has assumed a significant job in development Industry. It is important to plan a structure to perform well under seismic burdens. The seismic presentation of a multi-story steel outline building is planned by the arrangements of the current Indian code (IS 800 – 2007). The shear limit of the structure can be expanded by presenting Steel bracings in the basic framework. Bracings can be utilized as retrofit also. There are „n‟ quantities of conceivable outcomes to organize Steel bracings, for example, D, K, and V type erratic bracings. A regular six-story steel outline building is intended for different kinds of offbeat bracings according to the IS 800-2007. D, K, and V are the various sorts of flighty bracings considered for the current examination. Execution of each edge is concentrated through Non-linear static analysis.

Alternative Strengths to Concrete by Stone Dust and Ceramic Scrap and Effective Utilisationof Solid Waste
Authors:- Kiran Niveditha

Abstract:-The compressive strengths of concrete using natural sand and quarry dust were measured in the laboratory. Compressive strength was found to increase with ages for normal concrete. Results show that with partial replacement of stone dust with 05% and 05% Ceramic waste coarse aggregate, flexural strength increased by 20, 48 and 40% at the age of 28 days as compared to referral concrete. Compressive strength of concrete made using 05 % ceramic waste aggregate and 05 % stone dust as replacement of coarse aggregate and fine aggregate respectively, is about 20% more than that of referral concrete at 28 days. However, compressive strength at 05% recycled aggregate and 05% stone dust is marginally than that of conventional concrete. The compressive strength of 05% stone dust and ceramic waste sample is in close proximity of the referral concrete. Thus, it can be concluded that stone dust up to 05% with 05% ceramic waste aggregate is satisfactory for use. Observing the above results, strength aspects of ceramic waste aggregate concrete is well within the permissible limits and ideal replacement level of ceramic waste is 20% and 40%.Water absorption of ceramic waste aggregate was 0.18% higher than that of natural aggregate (0.10%), due to the opening of pore structure during crushing and chiselling. Even after crushing and chiselling, few cracks were observed on surface of ceramic waste. For these reasons water absorption was little more than that of the natural aggregate. Both compressive and split tensile strengths decrease as the quantity of ceramic waste aggregate increases.

Robot Assisted Brain Wave Sensor Network in Smart Home Environment for Elderly Persons
Authors:- S.Ravi Teja, S.Alekhya, Prof. Dr. P. Rama Koteswara Rao, Prof. & Hod Dr. K. V.Sambasiva Rao

Abstract:-Human brain consists of millions of interconnected neurons. The patterns of interaction between these neurons are represented as thoughts and emotion-al states. According to the human thoughts, this pattern will be changing which in turn produce different electrical waves. A muscle contraction will also generate a unique electrical signal. All these electrical waves will be sensed by the brain wave sensor and it will convert the data into packets and transmit through Bluetooth medium. Level analyzer unit (LAU) will receive the brain wave raw data and it will extract and process the signal using MATLAB platform which is shown in data processing unit. Then the control commands will be transmitted to the robot which is the assistive robot. With this entire system, we can move a robot according to the giving instructions to the robot and it can be turned by blink thoughts and it can be turned by blink muscle contraction. Electroencephalography (EEG) is the measurement of electrical activity in the living brain. In this project we used a brainwave sensor to analyze the EEG signals . This design discuss about processing and recording the raw EEG signal from the Mind Wave sensor in the MATLAB environ-ment and through WIFI transmission control commands will be passed to the Robot section. Mind wave sensors are not used in clinical use, but are used in the Brain Control Interface (BCI). The BCI is a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device to provide direct communi-cation and control between the human brain and physical devices by translating different patterns of brain activity into commands in real time . This project work consists of a Processor using brain wave sensor and alert unit obstacle detection unit as hardware parts and an effective brain signal system using Matlab platform. Now, the owner has to check whether the robot move or not. If he is a not walking then the robot will automatically start. But if he is normal mode then the vehicle will run and there is no alert. Once the car received blinking command it will stop regardless the place. Further, if the owner wants to move the vehicle he has a need to come normal mode. This will help to avoid the movement during in person. The existing system is not having any remote control operation. Depend on others to operate and No muscle contraction sensing and the proposed system is having the Brain wave analysis for the signal which are taken from the human brain as shown in the block diagram, is having controlling of the robot using Human thoughts, Self controlled and operating facility for not to depend on others to operate. This project at Matlab, explains that silent speaking in the sense of this platform is “conscious effort to say a word, characterised by subtle movements of internal speech organs without actually voicing it.” The process cap-tures signals from the brain to the muscles when the user intentionally vocalizes internally. The device later connects such signals with an external compu-ting device. Similar to speech recognition systems, it allows the user to make orders to such devices, but without saying anything.

An Analysis of Alternative Water Sources in BudiriroSuburb Harare
Authors:- Tichaona Goto, Iris Shiripinda, Anthony Phiri, Fanuel Tagwira

Abstract:- The quality of water being used by residents in Budiriro is a major health issue. Water system in Budiriro suburb is centralised through the reticulated water system which is not enough for the residents. The serious water shortage in Budiriro has forced residents to rely on unsafe water sources resulting in the area being endemic to waterborne diseases. This study sought to determine the impact of the quality of the water being used by residents in Budiriro. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted that combined quantitative and qualitative methods. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on alternative water sources A total of 72 samples were collected over a period of four months. Twenty-five (25) borehole water samples, 41 well water samples and 8 from the City of Harare tap water. Data from the questionnaires was captured and analyzed using SPSS (statistical package for social science) in line with the objective Sixteen percent (16%) of the boreholes and 56% of wells sampled did not meet the WHO total and faecal coliform standards of zero per 100ml. Thirty-eight percent (38%) of residents use the water without any form of treatment. Results show that residents are potentially exposed to waterborne diseases. This study concludes that water from alternative sources in Budiriro is of poor quality. The study ascertains the relative importance of the use of different sources of water leading to the development of a distribution planning model for different sources of water to Budiriro residents.

Paper on Aituc Database Software
Authors:- Prasenjeet Bansode, Rohan Khaire

Abstract:- AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress) is organization in India, who looks after the workers, employees, and many individuals needs and welfare of them and their employers. They needed an application as they need to track of the members all over sectors. The application is a step up from paper work.

Modern Printer
Authors:- Associate Professor Mr. Parthiban, Ms. Ramya, Ms. Harinevalli, Ms. Kausalya, Ms. Arisha

Abstract:- The main aim is to explore the theories and techniques behind procedures of developing a high precision cost-effective Portable android printer. This newly designed tool may be widely employed in electrical industry and graphics to enhance the standard of printing which has additional benefits like desired font size and magnificence. Various structures were explored and compared during the planning stage. as in Ref.7 Different components for the development of prototype were carefully selected and purchased from the market. Stepper motor and servo motor drives was used because the motion controller. A newly designed motion controller using Arduino and CNC V3 shield a4988 which is accessed using ben-box software or the self developed application was also tested and implemented as a replacement of ordinary CNC to cut back the price. as in Ref.1 This developed prototype machine was tested under various conditions and procedures to satisfy the economic standard. Analysis of product and profit estimation was conducted after development of the product.

Thermodynamic Analysis of Triple Effect LiBr-H2O Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Gagan Pashine, Assistant Professor Roopanshi Tomar

Abstract:- The absorption refrigeration system (ARS) is becoming more important because it can produce higher cooling capacity than vapor compression systems, and it can be powered by other sources of energy (like waste heat from gas and steam turbines, sun, geothermal, biomass) other than electricity. In the recent years, the interest in absorption refrigeration system is growing because these systems have environmentally friendly refrigerant and absorbent pairs. In this study, a detail energetic analysis of triple stage LiBr-H20 absorption system using First law of thermodynamics is done. A EES code using computer simulation program is developed for simulating the cycle and the validation of results with past studies is also done. Mass, energy and exergy balance equations and the various complementary relations constitute the simulation model of the triple effect refrigeration system.Further, the effect of exit temperature of generator, absorber, condenser and evaporator on COP, solution concentration and other parameters are studied. It was found in the study that COP increases with increasing the generator exit temperature keeping the absorber exit temperature constant but when the absorber exit temperature is increased COP tends to decrease and the concentration of weak solution leaving HP generator (Xw3), MP generator (Xw2) and LP generator (Xw1) also increases with increase in generator exit temperature, while it decreases with increase in condenser exit temperature.

nvestigation of Radium Content and Radon Exhalation Rates in Archeological Areas in Luxor Governorate
Authors:- H. H. Negm,N. K. Ahmed, A.Abbady, M. M. Reda

Abstract:- In this study, long –term technique for alpha guard have been used to count radium content and radon exhalation rate in archaeological specimens.Specimens collected from Elkebash street, west bank, Luxor and Elkarnak temples. The values of radium contents were ranged from 181.12 to 236.04 with average value 207.919,from 89.41 to 151.84 with average value 122.42, from 121.68 to 217.856 with average value 167.89and from 66.46 to 106.75 with average value82.26 for Elkebash, luxor temple,west bank and ELkarnak temple respectively.In the other hand the Mass Exhalation Rate (EM)were from 0.99 to 1.78 with average value 1.5 ,from 0.67 to 1.14 with average 0.92 from 0.91 to 1.64 with average value 1.27 and from 0.50 to 0.80 with average value 0.62 for Elkebash, Luxor temple ,west bank and ELkarnak temple archaeological specimens while the Area Exhalation Rate (EX)for Elkebash, Luxor temple ,west bank and ELkarnak temple were from 8.39 to 15.04 with average value 12.65 ,from 8.39 to 14.04 with average 11.77 , from 7.4 to 13.3 with average value 10.23 and from 5.48 to 6.9 with average value 6.2 respectively.

Autonomous UV Sanitization Robot with Social Distancing, Body Temperature and Mask Detection Using Automatic Path Planning and Multi-Terrain Capabilities
Authors:- Aryan Mehta, Mohan Kshirsagar, Reetu Jain, Shekhar Jain

Abstract:- With the outbreak of the infectious coronavirus disease development of new norms and rules in every country have been taken. Wearing a mask and implementing social distancing along with frequent sanitization of public areas is of utmost necessity during this worldwide health crisis. Subsequently, officials have been appointed roles to monitor the extent and ensure the effective compliance of the new guidelines by the general public. However, it would be very difficult for humans to correctly administer this for a prolonged period of time. Moreover, this would not only pose a threat to the public, but also affect the person conducting the screening process. In an attempt to find a solution to this issue, the proposed autonomous UV sanitization robot has a complete utility based design which helps in detecting social distancing and the wearing of masks using image processing. Thermal imaging is also utilised to detect whether a person is suffering from a fever. The main feature of this design is to provide complete sanitization using ultraviolet light as a disinfectant by a process known as ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI). Special rotating outward flaps containing UV tube lights increase the range of disinfection to higher areas on walls and even extend to ceilings. A bell drive mechanism forms the locomotive basis defining the mobility of the robot. Rotating flippers have been connected to the shafts of the main wheels which help dynamically manoeuvre the robot. Its multi-terrain capabilities make it versatile enough to be deployed in various public places including hospitals, malls, shopping centres, parks, and even on the road. With thorough simulative experimentation, impressive results have been obtained which help achieve the main aim of this study.

A Review on Audio Video Based Person Authentication System Using Multi SVM
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Ranjana Patel ,Krishna Kumar Vishwakarma

Abstract:- Object detection and tracking is often the first step in applications such as video surveillance. We propose a general moving object detection and tracking based on vision system using image difference algorithm. Then the speech of the person is recognized to get the feedback from the corresponding person. This process focuses on detection of human in a scene and then speech signal processing was done..We proposed new technique for human identification using fusion of both face and speech which can substantially improve the rate of recognition as compared to the single biometric identification for security system development. Our system using Viola Jones Algorithm for face detection. The proposed system uses Local Binary Pattern (LBP) as feature extraction techniques which calculate the local features. The Mel-Frequency cestrum coefficients feature extraction techniques are used for speech recognition in our project. The Extracted features given as input multi-SVM classifier to used to recognize the person and then display the result. This new system can be applied in various different fields such as identity verification and other potential commercial applications.

Performance Analysis of Audio and Video Based Person Authentication Using Machine Learning Technique
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Ranjana Patel ,Krishna Kumar Vishwakarma

Abstract:- Object detection and tracking is usually the first step in applications such as video surveillance. The main purpose of the static camera’s face recognition and tracking system is designed to estimate speed and distance parameters. We propose a general use of detection and tracking method that moves object based on a visual system and using an image difference algorithm. Then recognize the person’s voice to get the corresponding person’s feedback .This process focuses on detecting people in the scene and then performing voice signal processing the first approach is the use of the video structures to extract scene boundary candidates from shot boundaries. Then using the MCMC method to select the true scene boundaries from these candidates, highly-accurate scene segmentation becomes possible. It should be noted that when the prior probability concerning the number of scenes in a target video sequence is given correctly, the MCMC method can provide a more accurate scene segmentation result This approach based on the classification person authentication using multi SVM approach to improve classification accuracy this simulation has performed on matlab simulation.

Performance Black Hole Attack Detection in MANETs Using Secure Based Technique
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Nitiksha Sharma, Assistant Professor Sujeet Mishra

Abstract:- A Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) is a lot of nodes that impart together agreeably utilizing the remote medium, and with no focal organization. Because of its inborn open nature and the absence of framework, security is a convoluted issue contrasted with different systems. That is, these systems are powerless against a wide scope of attacks at various system layers. At the system level, malignant nodes can play out a few attacks going from detached spying to dynamic meddling. Wormhole is a case of serious attack that has pulled in much consideration as of late. It includes the redirection of traffic between two end-nodes through a Wormhole burrow, and controls the directing calculation to give figment that nodes situated a long way from one another are neighbours. To deal with this issue, we propose a novel location model to enable a node to check whether an assumed most limited way contains a Wormhole burrow or not. Our methodology depends on the way that the Wormhole burrow diminishes essentially the length of the ways going through it. To keep the black hole, worm opening, community oriented black hole and flooding attacks, the counter measure which Secure esteem is figured on the premise of course ask for, course answer and information parcels. After count get put stock in values between 0 to 1. In the event that secure esteem is more prominent than 0.5 at that point marks node is solid and permit on a system generally piece. System execution of proposed convention secureed secure AODV steering convention (SAODV) is assessed. The outcome demonstrates execution change when contrasted with standard AODV convention.

Friend Recommendation System Using Machine Learning Method
Authors:- M.Tech. Student Shweta Soni, Assistant Professor Pratiksha Singhai

Abstract:- Friend recommendation is one of the most popular characteristics of social network platforms, which recommends similar or familiar people to users. The concept of friend recommendation originates from social networks such as Twitter and Facebook, which uses friends-of-friends method to recommend people. We can say users do not make friends from random people but end up making friends with their friends’ friends. The existing methods have narrow scope of recommendation and are less efficient. We put forward a new friend recommendation model to overpower the defects of existing system. For better friend recommendation system with high accuracy, we will use collaborative filtering method to compare similar, dissimilar data of users and will make a recommendation system which gives user to user recommendation based on their similar choices, activities and preferences. Location based friend recommendation system are becoming popular because it brings physical world to digital platform and gives better insight of user’s preferences or interest This recommendation system will increase the scope of recommendation from one user to other with similar set of interest and their location.

CFD Analysis of Finned Tube Heat Exchanger Using Nano Fluid
Authors:- Bhagwan Khande, Assistant Prof. Aditya Singh Lodhi, Prof. Dr. Atul Thakkar

Abstract:-Nano fluids consist of nanoparticles suspended in a liquid medium and the particle size is smaller than 100 nm. Nanofluids have great thermo-physical properties such as thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, viscosity and heat transfer coefficient as compared to their base fluids. The current research investigates the application of ZnO/water nanofluid on compact heat exchanger with circular tubes using techniques of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The CAD model is developed in Creo design software and CFD analysis is conducted using ANSYS CFX. The volume concentration of nanoparticles used for analysis are .02,.04 and .07. The CFD analysis is conducted for both laminar and turbulent flow regime using k-epsilon turbulence model. The temperature distribution, Nusselt number and pressure plots are generated to determine heat transfer characteristics. The results are encouraging and significant enhancement of heat transfer is achieved using ZnO/water nanofluid. However, the pumping power requirement also increased with increase in nanoparticle concentration.

Erosion and Sedimentation Impact on Storage Volume of Lom Pangar Hydroelectric Dam, Cameroon
Authors:- Ousmanou NJOYA, AKO Andrew AKO, Shengxin Zhao

Abstract:- For many purposes such as hydropower production, irrigation, flood control, many reservoirs are built throughout the planet. Because of the processes of erosion and sedimentation, these infrastructures generally face a big problem of accelerated reduction of their storage capacity. Consequently, a good knowledge of the change of storage for proper planning and management is very important. This work is carried out in order to determine the sediment transport into the Lom Pangar reservoir to check the decrease in the active storage volume. The RUSLA equation has been used for the determination of soil erosion in the catchment because of its ease of use and less data demande. The gross erosion was evaluated to be 19.7 million tons of soil per year with an average of 2.75 million tons per year that effectively reach the outlet. On that quantity that reach the outlet, the Brune′s sediment trap efficiency was applied and it was found that 0.04% of Lom Pangar reservoir decreases per year, an amount smaller than the 1% of annual worldwide reduction of water reservoir. That result obtained, shows that the soil erosion and then the sedimentation do not affect significantly the active storage of the Lom Pangar reservoir. But the region is experiencing an important land cover change with impact on erosion rate.

Smart Agriculture System Using Raspberry PI
Authors:- M.E.Ph.D. Ms.R.Deivanai, D.Archana, G.Gayathri, G.Joychristy, P.Nivetha

Abstract:- In olden Days Farmers used to figure the ripeness of soil and influenced suspicions to develop which to kind of yield. They didn’t think about the humidity, level of water and especially climate condition which terrible a farmer increasingly The Internet of things (IOT) is remodeling the agribusiness empowering the agriculturists through the extensive range of strategies, for example, accuracy as well as practical farming to deal with challenges in the field. IOT modernization helps in assembly information on circumstances like climate, dampness, temperature and fruitfulness of soil, Crop web based examination empowers discovery of wild plant, level of water, bug location, creature interruption in to the field, trim development, horticulture. IOT utilize farmers to get related with his residence from wherever and at whatever point. Remote sensor structures are utilized for watching the homestead conditions and tinier scale controllers are utilized to control and mechanize the home shapes. To see remotely the conditions as picture and video, remote cameras have been used. IOT development can diminish the cost and update the productivity of standard developing.

A Review on Design and Analysis of a UPQC Power Flow Control Using Distribution Transformer
Authors:- BhavSingh Ajnare, Mr. Deepak Bhtaniya

Abstract:- The current power sector is dealing with the poor power quality issues and the reason behind this poor power quality is voltage fluctuations, harmonics, transients and reactive power demands and these problems arises due to changing trend of our demand. Nowadays in our demand the share of power from power electronic devices has increase a lot and also coupling of grids to wind farms and solar farms has raised the problem of poor power quality.[25] No doubt series and shunt compensations are effective but if they are used simultaneously as a unified unit, this enhances the effectiveness of the device and becomes more beneficiary for power sector and they are used together as UPQC. So the main task of UPQC is to improve the power quality and it proves out to be quite good at that by compensating the above mentioned problems. Hence UPQC is considered as the efficient solution of the power quality problems. As the UPQC serves purpose of both series and shunt compensators, hence to provide this it contains two inverters, which are voltage source inverters with common DC link. These are called series and shunt converters. These controllers can be controlled by various techniques such as PI controllers, FUZZY controllers, Neural Networks etc .Shunt converter compensates the distortion in load current and the series converter is responsible for smoothening of voltage.

A Review article of Enhancement of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Performance and Efficiency Using Power System Topology
Authors:- Deepshikha Nayak, Associate Professor Ritesh Diwan

Abstract:- The climate changes that are becoming visible today are a challenge for the global research community. The stationary applications sector is one of the most important energy consumers. Harnessing the potential of renewable energy worldwide is currently being considered to find alternatives for obtaining energy by using technologies that offer maximum efficiency and minimum pollution. In this context, new energy generation technologies are needed to both generate low carbon emissions, as well as identifying, planning and implementing the directions for harnessing the potential of renewable energy sources. Hydrogen fuel cell technology represents one of the alternative solutions for future clean energy systems. This article reviews the specific characteristics of hydrogen energy, which recommends it as a clean energy to power stationary applications. The aim of review was to provide an overview of the sustainability elements and the potential of using hydrogen as an alternative energy source for stationary applications, and for identifying the possibilities of increasing the share of hydrogen energy in stationary applications, respectively.

A Review onUPFC Power Compensation with Power Generation Smart Grid
Authors:- Suresh Waskle, Mr. Lavkesh Patidar

Abstract:- In this study a comprehensive review on unified power flow controller, which is a FACTS device, is presents. The essential features of UPFC controller and mathematical & simulation model was discussed The opportunities arise through the ability of this controller to control the interrelated parameters including series impedance, shunt impedance, current, voltage, phase angle and the damping of oscillations at various frequencies below the rated frequency are addressed. By providing added flexibility, FACTS controllers can enable a line to carry power closer to its thermal rating.

Implementation of a New Fourth Order Kutta’s Formula for Solving Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equations
Authors:- Ononogbo Chibuike Benjamin, Airemen Ikhuoria Edward, EzurikeUgochi Julia, Ugbolo Cletus

Abstract:- In this paper, we modified Kutta’s Formula for solving initial value problems (IVPs) in Ordinary Differential Equation to a geometric Mean other than the conventional Arithmetic mean. Due to the vital role played by the method in the field of computation and applied science/engineering, we simplify and further reduce the complexity of its derivation and analysis by exploring some possibly well-know works and proposed a step by step derivation of the method. The new Algorithm was further implemented and compared with other existing methods, and the results indicated that the new method is of high degree of accuracy in comparison with other existing methods, this shows that the new method can be use to solve real life problem, that can possibly be reduced to first order ordinary differential equations. Errors involved in the new method and other existing methods, were plotted with MATLAB to obtain their trajectories. We called this formula OCB4 method.

Design of Multistorey Building using Lead Rubber Bearing (LRB) in sap 2000
Authors:- Rayees Ahmad Wani, Prof. Mirza Amir Beigh

Abstract:- Base isolation has become a traditional concept for structural design of buildings and bridges in high risk areas. By introducing flexible isolation system between the foundation and the structure the system will absorb the shock impact effects of earthquake with the help of its flexibility. This way the seismic energy transmitted to the structure will be reduced to greater extent and the structure will remain stable for a relative period. Elastomeric bearings are widely used by structural engineers, but their behaviour is not well understood. The paper provides a brief description of the state of knowledge throughout the world with respect to these bearings and process of base isolation. It summarizes the material behaviour of elastomers and the theoretical and experimental research on bearings. It notes the various modes of failure, and the major design methods are described and compared. There are wide variations in standard practice throughout the world, and the contradictions and reasons behind the variations are noted. The objective of the paper is to help the structural engineer get a better understanding of the design and selection of base isolators.This study is about 7 storied building and is analysed for two cases. First case is fixed base and second case is base isolated (lead rubber bearing). for this study Sap 2000 along with various standard codes is taken into consideration. For base isolator parameters F.Naeim and J.M. Kelly is used.

Comparative Analysis of Types of Generators Uesd in Wind Energy Conversion System
Authors:-Nidhi Mathur, Ravi Jangid, Assistant Professor Raj Kumar Yadav

Abstract:- Wind is a form of solar energy caused by the combination of three concurrent events-The sun unevenly heating the atmosphere, Irregularities of the earth’s surface, rotation of the earth. Wind flow patterns and speeds vary greatly across the India and are modified by bodies of water, vegetation etc. Humans use this wind flow, or motion energy, for many purposes: sailing, flying kite and most important generating electricity.Wind turbine is an energy converter, which converts wind energy into electrical energy. It is manufactured n wide range for huge wind farms. The objective of this paper is to compare various generators used in wind farms.

A Review to Improve Self Managerial Skills of Engineering Students Using ICT Tools
Authors:- Ms. P. Stephy Christy, Mr. L. Sudarshan, Mr. M. Aakash Sam Leoj

Abstract:-In present times, the role of employing ICT tools in one’s daily life is inevitable. This research paper aims to insist the engineering students that they can improvise their self-managerial skills using ICT tools. The researches of this paper firmly believe that any individual is in need of improvising self-managerial skill ,as it paves way to attain their targeted goals doubtlessly and easily. This study explains about ten useful ICT tools, which highly facilitate the engineering students order to improve the most required self-managerial skills which help them to reduce their stress and enhance their motor skills and productivity skills. This review is based on selected ten ICT tools namely iEnginner-engineering text book, graphing calculator, engineering professional, technical terms,B.Techlibrary,voxit,Reference Generator, Resume builder 2019,Smart receipts, Digi locker. The main purpose of their review is to create awareness among the young engineers for improving themselves. Despite, it illustrates the scope and significance of the ICT tools discussed, their special features and limitations.Finally, this results asserts that any individual can improve their self-managerial skills using ICT tools that are relevant to manage their daily tasks personally, academically, professionally and socially..

Data Classification for Improvement of Product Recommendation System Using Hybrid Algorithm
Authors:- Saim Ahmed, Assistent Professor Anand Singh Rajavat

Abstract:-Recommender systems have made significant utility in daily routing life. Online shopping and Social networking sites are playing crucial role in routine life. Over 3.5 billion people uses internet for various purpose. Online shopping retail sales are predicted to grow steadily in upcoming years. Product recommendation is one of the major requirements of e-commerce portals. This feature can help to increase shopping value with minimum shopping time. Logical recommendation not only helps to customer for purchasing but also increases total sales value. Generally, consumers need to search a lot to find a product of interest. Consequently, conventional recommender service systems often suffer from lack of scalability and efficiency problems when processing or analysis of this data on a large scale. To avoid these problems, a novel recommendations system using collaborative filtering algorithm and customer behavior is proposed to implement with Apache Hadoop server for BigData Processing. Proposed solution will attempt to recommend product based on similarity and popularity index of each product with respect to customer review. This project will attempt to develop own customer behavior analysis and classification algorithm to provide more perfect results. Amazon dataset will be used recommendation and evaluation purpose. Computation time for single and multimode cluster will be primary concern for performance measurement.

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Budiriro Residents Towards the use of Unsafe Water Sources
Authors:- Tichaona Goto, Anthony Phiri, FanuelTagwira, Iris Shiripinda

Abstract:- The global problem of access to safe water and sanitation continues to plague the poor countries of the world. This study attempts to determine the impact of different water sources on the residents of Budiriro high density area in Zimbabwe. The knowledge of residents about safe water chain maintenance interventions and the extent to which they are practiced is important in planning practical and operational interventions on improving the quality of unsafe water. An observational and cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2018 to June 2019. Semi structured questionnaires, focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and observation checklist were used to obtain information from 237 households which were systematically sampled. The majority of residents 77% were well informed about the different water sources. Most of the residents 86% (n=198) preferred using these sources than piped water which they believed was unsafe. Almost half (52%) of the residents knew that unsafe water sources caused waterborne diseases which are endemic in the suburb. Budiriro residents are quiet aware that the water they use is unsafe for human consumption due to the recurrence of waterborne diseases. Development of a planning model on the distribution of different water sources is the only solution not for Budiriro residents only but for other suburbs and cities regionally and globally.

Website Development of E Web Digital
Authors:- Professor Jadhav A.K, Krishna Dayma, Priytosh Bairagi, Atharva Khopade, Ajinkya Hapse, Rutik Wagh

Abstract:- A website helps to boosts many businesses it, improves advertising effectively, saves money on printing and distribution cost, effortless access and increased productivity .The motive of this study is concerned with coming up with a website that is easily understood by the visitors, and can lure them to become customers. We found in our analysis that developing a responsive website is not as comfortable as it sounds, it requires more focus and precision to do so.

Blockchain Smart Contracts for EfficientDisaster/Pandemic Relief & Recovery
Authors:- Pranshu Gupta

Abstract:- Disasters and Pandemics kill thousands of people every year globally. Many people die because of the direct impact of the disasters but many more die because of indirect causes. Some of the indirect causes are: inadequate funds, delay in making resources available to affected communities because of inefficient disaster relief supply-chain.Trust and corruption are few factors behind inadequate funds. Many people willing to help, don’t know or don’t trust the organisations providing relief efforts. Trust is a very genuine concern as corruption in the supply chain is very prevalent.Lack of central communication between various organisations, volunteers and governments is the reason behind inefficient supply-chain. This adds delay in making resources available to the needy and hence leads to greater loss of life.This paper illustrates some of the problems in the light of the recent covid19 pandemic and presents an approach which could fix the trust issue and also optimizes disaster relief supply chain with the help of blockchain technology.

A Review Article of E Waste Management by Prediction Method in Jabalpur City
Authors:- Shyam Patidar, Dr. Shailza Verma

Abstract:- Environmental deterioration and health risk due to improper e-waste management has become a serious issue in India. The major portion of e-waste reaches an unorganized e-waste recycling sector and is then treated by using crude methods. This review article presents a brief highlight on e-waste management status, legislation, and technology uses in India. The present e-waste management needs to be more focused on environmentally sound management, by more active support from all the participants involved in the e-waste flow chain in India.

A Review Article of Solid Waste Management and Sampling Methods in Jabalpur City
Authors:- Sumit kumar, Prof. R.K. Bhatia

Abstract:- It is known that the waste which is thrown away can be used in many different ways. This paper deals with the solid waste management methods and practices in India. The solid waste management consists of various types of wastes like industrial, agricultural, transport, municipal etc. Although all types of wastes are harmful but municipal solid waste ‘now known as Solid Waste’ is the type of waste which can be managed properly without causing any pollution and harm to other species. In this paper the main focus is on municipal solid waste. Various methods have been described to manage the solid waste from organic compost making to energy generation.

Experimental Investigation on Rotary EDM of Stainless Steel Alloy Material Using Pentagon Copper Electrode for Improving Geometrical Errors
Authors:- R. Raja, M. Ravi, S. Saran, C. Sarathkumar, S. Soundarpandiyan S,

Abstract:- In this research, an investigation and experimental work were carried out on Electric Discharge Machining of stainless steel alloy using copper electrode. Considering the input parameters such as current, pulse on time, pulse off time, Di electric pressure for machining the effect of these following input parameters on output characteristics like material removal rate (MRR), Electrode wear rate (EWR), Wear ratio (WR), Angularity, Parallelism and Perpendicularity (PER). The investigation was carried on with L18 orthogonal array. The effect of each input parameters on output characteristics was studied independently using trend analysis. Form results, Parallelism have been minimized with decrease of current and increase of dielectric pressure. Perpendicularity has been minimized with decrease of current and increase of dielectric pressure. Angularity has been minimized with increase of current and decrease of dielectric pressure.

Safety and Hazards in Petroleum Industries: Research, Studies and Surveys
Authors:- Mukul Dhariwal

Abstract:- Environmental friendly and safe operations and processes are always desired from health perspectives. Due to properties of chemicals in petroleum sector, the chances of accidents are high. Material, substances, processes or circumstances which pose threat to health and well being of workers in any occupation are termed as occupational hazards. The health and safety of worker is most important. Operations and processes in petroleum industries are hazardous, due to properties of the petroleum products and raw materials. Various investigations and studies are reported on the safety and hazards in petroleum and refining industries. It is necessary to identify occupational health hazard in addition to occupational safety hazard.

A Survey on XML Data Processing Using Data Mining Techniques
Authors:- Twinkle Gurjar, Arjun Parihar

Abstract:- The text classification is a classical research domain and used in a number of real world applications i.e. information retrieval, reviews analysis and others. It is complex task to manage different structure or unstructured nature of data in text mining. Additionally the different size of text documents and their feature extraction and accurate classification of document is also a complicated task. In this paper, the key issues in XML based document classification technique are addressed and an improved XML based text classification technique is proposed to classifying the semi-structured data i.e. XML documents, according to their subjects. Therefore, in order to analyze and recognize the XML based document patterns a hybrid classifier is proposed using Bay’s classifier and fuzzy logic. This classifier organizes the decisions of fuzzy based classifier and Bays classifier in terms of weights to improve the classification reliability. This paper includes a survey on different recent contributions and offers a data model for future implementation and experimental study.

Surface Wear Study of the IC Engine Components for the Blend of Rice Bran Biodiesel
Authors:- Dr. Venkata Sundar Rao K. ( Post Doctoral Fellow), Professor & Head Dr. Shreeprakash B.

Abstract:- Driven by oil price and consumption, engine emissions and climate change, along with the lack of sustainable fossil fuels, transportation sector has generated an interest in alternative, renewable sources of fuel for internal combustion engines. Bio fuels are chemical fuels as the fossil fuels and generate heat to perform mechanical work, hence, are the most desirable alternative to the fossil fuels. But the existing design of the combustion engines must sustain the same operating parameters, material strength of the different components and emission of the engine as that of the fossil fuel run engine. The surface roughness (Ra) values for piston, piston ring and cylinder liner of the engine is measured for both diesel (fossil fuel) and alternative fuel (blended 20% Rice bran oil + 80% Diesel).The use of diesel as a fuel has better tribological properties of the IC Engine components as compared to the blend of 80% diesel+ 20% Rice bran oil.

Assesement of Interaction Between Bituminous Asphalt Layers
Authors:- Mallela Srinivasa Rao, Assistant Professor B. Ramesh

Abstract:- The interlayer holding of present day multi-layered asphalt framework assumes a significant job to accomplish long haul execution of an adaptable asphalt. It has been seen that helpless holding between bituminous asphalt layers adds to significant asphalt overlay troubles, for example, untimely exhaustion, top down breaking, potholes, and surface layer delamination. One of the most widely recognized upsets because of helpless holding between bituminous layers is a slippage disappointment, which for the most part happens where overwhelming vehicles are regularly quickening, decelerating, or turning. To upgrade the holding between layers, a tack coat is showered in the middle of the bituminous asphalt layers. A tack coat is an utilization of a bituminous emulsion or bituminous folio between a current bituminous/solid surface and a recently developed bituminous overlay. Regularly, hot bituminous folios, reduction bitumens or bituminous emulsions are utilized as tack coat materials. This investigation is expected to assess the bond quality at the interface between asphalt layers by performing research facility tests. To do this goal, three unique connections are manufactured for use in Marshall Loading Frame for finding the presentation of tack coat laid at the interface between Bituminous Concrete (BC) and Dense Bituminous Macadam (DBM) layers in the research facility. In this examination, the aftereffects of the examples arranged with 100 mm and 150 mm measurement examples utilizing two sorts of regularly utilized emulsions, in particular CMS-2 and CRS-1 as tack coat at application rates fluctuating at 0.20 kg/m2, 0.25 kg/m2 and 0.30 kg/m2 made at 250C temperature are introduced. It is seen that CRS-1 as tack coat gives higher interface bond quality worth contrasted with CMS-2. Also, independent of the kinds of emulsions utilized as tack coat, the ideal pace of use is seen as 0.25 kg/m2 as suggested in MORT&H’s particulars.

Metal Additive Manufacturing: A road to Future
Authors:- Vigneshwaran T.

Abstract:- Metal Additive Manufacturing, also known as metal 3D printing, offers unrivalled design freedom with the ability to manufacture parts from a wide range of materials. Components that would not have even been possible just a few years ago can now be made to high standards using a wide range of metal powders. No longer solely a prototyping technology, Additive Manufacturing is now being used for the production of series components for the most demanding applications.

Novel Crawler for Recovery of Things from Unmanned Pit Using Micro Electro Mechanical System
Authors:- Associate Prof. Dr. Sheryl Radley, Assistant Prof. N. Mohana Priya, Assistant Prof. B. Vennilapriya, Dinesh Kumar R., Pawaneshwar A., Supratha Devi S.R., Iswariya R.

Abstract:- The research is based on the recovery of things/human being that have fallen into deep pit such as the unmanned borewell or an unnoticed deep pit. Due to the drought and depletion of underground water a greater number of bore wells are drilled on the surface of the earth. When the ground water gets dried or polluted by industries, the motor along with casing pipes are removed and the outer surface of the bore is not insulated properly. As the result of this, children who were playing near the bore, accidently fallen into it, which has drunk their lives. Even some of the things have fallen into it. This aids to monitor the children from the borewell without any danger of the victim. The sensor system is interfaced with the microprocessor. A camera along with an LED light is used to visualize the victims well as it helps to operate the system by control unit. The main aim of the project is to monitor the victim who were playing near the borewell, accidently fallen into it, by using Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS), and the stimulation result are obtained by using Embedded C.

Blockchain and Its Applications: A Systematic Review
Authors:- Basundhara Chakrabarty, Harish Krishnamoorthy, Karan Shahani

Abstract:- Blockchain has crept into all facets of technology and have brought about an upheaval in existing systems. This work provides a systematic review of blockchain technology and its applications, elaborating on the benefits and shortcomings of each. It details on the salient features of blockchain, the current themes, trends, and emerging areas of research in blockchain, and highlights how it revolutionizes the financial, industrial, political, and socio-economic sectors. Based on a thorough analysis of prevailing research, we classify blockchain-based applications across various spheres like Smart Industries, Governance, Healthcare, Supply Chain, etc. The paper, thus, juxtaposes the major highlights and the research gaps in the field of blockchain technology.

Design of Machine Element by using Auto LISP Programming in Auto CAD
Authors:- Chaitanya Yadure, Saharsh Shah, Pravin Powar, Lecturer A.B.Khot

Abstract:- AutoLISP is a dialect of the LISP programming language built specially to use with AutoCAD and its derivatives. It is a subset of the LISP (List Processor) programming language, which is used in bids of artificial intelligence and expert systems. Many functions have been added to the LISP program in order to interface AutoLISP directly to AutoCAD, and you will see that same AutoCAD commands have been retained as AutoLISP functions .Key is the simple component in Mechanical design than others. Key is a machine element which is used to connect the transmission shaft to rotating machine elements like pulley, gear, sprocket or flywheel. Keys provide a positive means of transmitting torque between shaft and hub of the mating element. In this thesis a key model is designed with simple programming language. Initially stresses depending on the application is taken as the input for the generating various dimensions of the key.

A Review of DDoS Attacking Methods
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Deepak Chouhan, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:- Internet-of-things has emerged out as an important invention towards employing the tremendous power of wireless media in the real world. We can control our surroundings by interacting with numerous smart applications running independently on different platforms, almost everywhere in the world. IoT, with such a ubiquitous popularity often serve itself as a potential platform for escalating malicious entities. These entities get an access to the legitimate devices by exploiting IoT vulnerabilities which results from several constraints like limited resources, weaker security, etc. and can further take form of various attacks. Distributed Denial-of-service (DDoS) in IoT network is an attack which targets the availability of the servers by flooding the communication channel with impersonated requests coming from distributed IoT devices. Defending DDoS in IoT has now become an exigent area of research due to the recent incidents of demolishment of some renowned servers, reported in previous few years. In this paper, we discuss the concept of malware and botnets working behind ‘Distributed’ DoS in IoT. The various DDoS defence techniques are broadly described and compared in order to identify the security gaps present in them. Moreover, we list out the open research issues and challenges that need to be addressed for a stronger as well as smarter DDoS defence.

A Review of DDoS Attacking Methods
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Deepak Chouhan, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:- Internet-of-things has emerged out as an important invention towards employing the tremendous power of wireless media in the real world. We can control our surroundings by interacting with numerous smart applications running independently on different platforms, almost everywhere in the world. IoT, with such a ubiquitous popularity often serve itself as a potential platform for escalating malicious entities. These entities get an access to the legitimate devices by exploiting IoT vulnerabilities which results from several constraints like limited resources, weaker security, etc. and can further take form of various attacks. Distributed Denial-of-service (DDoS) in IoT network is an attack which targets the availability of the servers by flooding the communication channel with impersonated requests coming from distributed IoT devices. Defending DDoS in IoT has now become an exigent area of research due to the recent incidents of demolishment of some renowned servers, reported in previous few years. In this paper, we discuss the concept of malware and botnets working behind ‘Distributed’ DoS in IoT. The various DDoS defence techniques are broadly described and compared in order to identify the security gaps present in them. Moreover, we list out the open research issues and challenges that need to be addressed for a stronger as well as smarter DDoS defence.

A Review of DDoS Attacking Methods

Authors:- M. Tech. Student Deepak Chouhan, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:- Internet-of-things has emerged out as an important invention towards employing the tremendous power of wireless media in the real world. We can control our surroundings by interacting with numerous smart applications running independently on different platforms, almost everywhere in the world. IoT, with such a ubiquitous popularity often serve itself as a potential platform for escalating malicious entities. These entities get an access to the legitimate devices by exploiting IoT vulnerabilities which results from several constraints like limited resources, weaker security, etc. and can further take form of various attacks. Distributed Denial-of-service (DDoS) in IoT network is an attack which targets the availability of the servers by flooding the communication channel with impersonated requests coming from distributed IoT devices. Defending DDoS in IoT has now become an exigent area of research due to the recent incidents of demolishment of some renowned servers, reported in previous few years. In this paper, we discuss the concept of malware and botnets working behind ‘Distributed’ DoS in IoT. The various DDoS defence techniques are broadly described and compared in order to identify the security gaps present in them. Moreover, we list out the open research issues and challenges that need to be addressed for a stronger as well as smarter DDoS defence.

Vehicle Tracing and Counting Structure
Authors:-M. Tech. Student Aashish Meena, Assistant Professor Megha Jat

Abstract:- Traffic surveillance systems are interesting tomany researchers to improve the traffic control and reduce the risk caused by accidents. In this area, many published works are only concerned about vehicle detection in normal conditions. The camera may vibrate due to wind or bridge movement. Detection and tracking of vehicles are a very difficult task when we have bad weather conditions in winter (snowy, rainy, windy, etc.) or dusty weather in arid and semiarid regions or at night, among others. In this paper, we proposed a method to track and count vehicles in dusty weather with a vibrating camera. For this purpose, we used a background subtraction-based strategy mixed with extra processing to segment vehicles. In this paper, the extra processing included the analysis of the headlight size, location, and area. In our work, tracking was done between consecutive frames via a particle filter to detect the vehicle and pair the headlights using the connected component analysis. So, vehicle counting was performed based on the pairing result. Our proposed method was tested on several video surveillance records in different conditions such as in dusty or foggy weather, with a vibrating camera, and on roads with medium-level traffic volumes. The results showed that the proposed method performed better than other previously published methods, including the Kalman filter or Gaussian model, in different traffic conditions.

Customer Segmentation Using Clustering and Data Mining Techniques
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Kamal Singh Baghel, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:- Clustering technique is critically important step in data mining process. It is a multivariate procedure quite suitable for segmentation applications in the market forecasting and planning research. This research paper is a comprehensive report of k-means clustering technique and SPSS Tool to develop a real time and online system for a particular super market to predict sales in various annual seasonal cycles. The model developed was an intelligent tool which received inputs directly from sales data records and automatically updated segmentation statistics at the end of day’s business. The model was successfully implemented and tested over a period of three months. A total of n = 2138, customer, were tested for observations which were then divided into k = 4 similar groups. The classification was based on nearest mean. An ANOVA analysis was also carried out to test the stability of the clusters. The actual day to day sales statistics were compared with predicted statistics by the model. Results were quite encouraging and had shown high accuracy.

Realtor Mobile Application
Authors:- Shiva Yenikepalli, Namburi Naga Sameer, P. Vamshi Krishna

Abstract:- The real estate is a cyclical industry, reacting to macroeconomic trends such as interest rates , population growth, and economic strength. the real estate industry consists of three primary fields: brokerages, leasing, and management.This study examines the buyer’s search duration with and without the assistance of real estate brokers.it is found that first-time buyers and out of town buyers search longer than more experienced and local land buyers.The real estate broker makes it easy for the customers in negotiate sales agreement and manage the documentation required for closing real estate transactions.The main aim of the research is to provide a digital platform for the investors to find a proficient broker in a particular locality.It’s basically an android application that piles the information about real estate brokers of a province, which also reduces the search time of the buyer.This application requires a database to store the info of the brokers.GPS services to locate the broker’s office.

Secure MANET using Curve-Based Cryptography
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Lalita Mandloi, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:-Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) is a mobile and infrastructure less network, widely used in various applications. In this paper, we study the major security issues in MANET to reduce the malicious activity at the nodes. To reduce the unsecured network, Enhanced Adaptive Acknowledgement Scheme (EAACK) is proposed and it involves Acknowledgement (ACK), Secure Acknowledgement (SACK), and Misbehavior Report Authentication (MRA) schemes. In EAACK scheme, the 2b (2-Bit) packet header is used and it overcomes some of the disadvantages of Watchdog behavior. In this work, the sender has to digitally sign the ACK packets and the receiver has to verify it. The proposed Scheme is applied to 40% of malicious nodes and Routing overhead (Ro) hits the value 0.6. The Network performance is better when the value of Ro is 0. In order to secure more, Credibility Based Sequence Distance Vector Routing (CBSDV) and Curve based cryptographic technique is used. Simulation results show that proposed scheme provides better secure network and CBSDV, hop count, time duration, energy values and trust scores play a deciding factor between the source and destination in the network.

A People Counting Method Based on Head Detection and Tracking
Authors:- M. Tech. Student Vinay Kaithwas, Assistant Professor Lokesh Parashar

Abstract:- This paper presents a technical approach related to the video computer analysis, to detect people and control the behaviour of people. Control the behaviour of people in public place can be a benefit for understanding the share of overall traffic your area is attracting. Find out what, encourage customers to buy products are most crucial for big companies to increase the sales rate and to improve the quality of customer service. We use surveillance cameras, which located in the museum. We offered two methods, the first method for detecting people in a closed space and second method finding density areas which people more spend time to visit. The YOLO model makes predictions with a single network evaluation. Systems like R-CNN and Faster R -CNN, on the other hand, make multiple assessments for a single image, making YOLO extremely fast, running in real- time with a capable GPU. For detect people used YOLOv3 algorithm which is published by [18] and shows that it has high accuracy to identify people, also we compared the proposed method with other detectors, HOG, SSD and YOLO-tiny which shows the proposed algorithm has better performance in this point. And for finding density areas, we utilized a background subtraction with Gaussian Mixture algorithms and heatmap colour technique to analysis each frame and figure out, where are the density areas which shows people like to spend more time to visit. The experimental results have shown that the accuracy and the performance of both algorithms are quite good.

Prediction of Crop Yardsticks to Evaluate Crop Proliferation Using a Continual Data Mining Solution
Authors:- Abishek B., Akash Eswar, Dheeban K., Barani Rajendran

Abstract:- Quantifying crop growth at various stages of its life cycle is a daunting task that has to be done by farmers in order to get an idea about how the end yield will manifest. This task has been haunting farmers for more than centuries and analysts all over the world are trying to find out new methods to quantify crop yield and demystify the evaluation of various crop yardsticks. Helping farmers to take effective decisions in order to help them increase crop yield is the main focus of many current methodologies. The quality of the crops, however, has not been suitably quantified and this has resulted in low crop sales in certain places. In India, crop quality is of utmost importance and many buyers refrain from purchasing low-quality crops directly from farmers thus resulting in an inadequate food supply at various places. The proposed system looks to analyze various parameters affecting crop yield and quality and evaluate the end quality and yield with the currently available data. Various factors are considered for an accurate estimation which includes climatic factors such as temperature, light usage efficiency, effective rainfall, and wind speed along with soil, groundwater, and various other factors. It is unprecedented in the fact it is intended to be applied as a continual solution which when implemented as a real-time system can collect real-time data and make predictions while continuously learning and improving its accuracy over time. It is also an integrated solution which aims to try and evaluate how the resulting crop yield and quality might be with the help of data mining techniques that work upon datasets which can contain historical and real-time data as the situation demands.

An Integrated Control and Protection System for Photovoltaic Application
Authors:- Kasheeram Yadav, Seema Shukla

Abstract:- The microgrid has shown to be a promising solution for the integration and management of intermittent renewable energy generation. This paper looks at critical issues surrounding microgrid control and protection. It proposes an integrated control and protection system with a hierarchical coordination control strategy consisting of a stand-alone operation mode, a grid-connected operation mode, and transitions between these two modes for a microgrid. To enhance the fault ride-through capability of the system, a comprehensive three-layer hierarchical protection system is also proposed, which fully adopts different protection schemes, such as relay protection, a hybrid energy storage system (HESS) regulation, and an emergency control. The effectiveness, feasibility, and practicality of the proposed systems are validated on a practical photovoltaic (PV) microgrid. This study is expected to provide some theoretical guidance and engineering construction experience for microgrids in general.

Structural Behaviour of Hexagrid and Diagrid Comparison System in Staadpro
Authors:- Rahul Birla, H.O.D. Sourabh Dashore

Abstract:- Development of tall buildings have been rapidly increasing in number worldwide. The trends in tall building design is now towards the integration of optimal building form with the structure to produce an efficient design. Diagrid system is an innovative technology that is widely used now a days which promise better lateral load efficiency. Hexagrid system is an extension to the diagrid structural system which also efficient in lateral load resisting system. In these systems, the lateral loads are resisted by the axial action of diagonal columns compared to bending of vertical columns. Analysis of 48 storied Steel building with diagrid system and hexagrid system is presented. Modelling and analysis of structural member is done using finite element software ETABS. Loads, load combinations and seismic data are provided according to IS 875:1987and IS 1893:2002 respectively. Comparison of analysis results with conventional system is done in terms storey displacement, storey shear, storey drift and time period. We also find the durability of 98.5% for per day analysys.

Vibration Analysis of Multi Storey Buildings In Staad Pro
Authors:- Saket Litoriya, H.O.D. Sourabh Dashore

Abstract:-A major trust of modal parameters identification (MPI) research in recent years has been based on using artificial and natural vibrations sources because vibration measurements can reflect the true dynamic behavior of a structure while analytical prediction methods, such as finite element models, are less accurate due to the numerous structural idealizations and uncertainties involved in the simulations. This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of the time-frequency techniques for modal parameters identification of civil structures from acquired dynamic signals as well as the factors that affect the estimation accuracy. Further, the latest signal processing techniques proposed since 2012 are also reviewed. These algorithms are worth being researched for MPI of large real-life structures because they provide good time-frequency resolution and noise-immunity.

A Review Paper on Application of Artificial Intelligence using Machine Learning Techniques
Authors:- Saket Kumar Singh

Abstract:- Diseases ought to be dealt with well and on schedule. In the event that they are most certainly not treated on schedule, they can prompt numerous medical issues and these issues may turn into the reason for death. These issues are winding up more awful because of the shortage of pros, experts and wellbeing offices. With an end goal to address such issues, ponders made endeavors to structure and create master frameworks that can give counsel to doctors and patients to encourage the finding and suggest treatment of patients. This survey paper presents a far-reaching investigation of restorative master frameworks for the determination of different infections. It gives a concise review of restorative symptomatic master frameworks and presents an investigation of previously existing investigations. Conceptual Respiratory ailments like Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, region unit piercing a colossal portion of the total populace with death rates monstrous those of carcinoma and bosom malignancy consolidated. the key test is that the scope of patients United Nations office region unit mistakenly analyzed. With the progression of innovation in registering, stockpiling, and systems administration, and rapid calculation on the information accessible crosswise over different server farms is conceivable today. The measure of information produced by different undertaking applications and interpersonal interaction is colossal and expected to develop enormously in the coming years. Inferring helpful furthermore, insightful data out of this information is absolutely critical to upgrade business worth and increment human centricity. AI calculations accessible as a sub-field of Artificial Intelligence help get the knowledge from plenty of information accessible crosswise over different application spaces. Computerized reasoning and Machine learning are slanting advancements in the business to empower business suggestions, anticipate the future markets, and so forth. The field of medication isn’t any exemption to help specialists determine the malady quicker to have high precision and give customized drugs to the benefactors. In this paper, an inside and out dialog are completed on diagnosing respiratory maladies precisely utilizing AI calculations.

Optimization in Cutting Parameters for Milling Operation for the Material Mild Steel JRC-235J+C
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Anish Kumar, Associated Professor Onkar Mal

Abstract:- The objective of this research work is to provide statistical evidence for optimizing parameters to improve the surface roughness. For that an experimental investigation is done by producing a workpiece of Stainless steel on a CNC milling machine tool. The cutting material used for it is made of carbide which is generally used in production. Taguchi method and ANOVA were used for enhancing the machining performance and optimizing the machining parameters for CNC Milling. The Minitab-19 is employed to analyze the Taguchi and ANOVA methods. An array-L9 was generated to obtain the combination of parameters for the experiment. The parameters investigated were Feed rate, Cutting speed and Depth of cut. The optimised factors identified as Cutting Speed 35 m/minute, Feed rate 200 mm/minute and depth of cut 1 mm. These parameters are worked out to improve the surface roughness of the stainless steel.

Design of Aluminum Alloy Channel Section Beams
Authors:- Post Graduation Student Ajay Kumar T. A., Associate Professor A. Thangadurai

Abstract:- Aluminum alloy members of channel sections are widely used in lightweight structures, especially as pillars of curtain wall systems and brace and chord members in roof trusses. This paper presents both experimental and numerical studies on the behavior of aluminum alloy channel section beams. In this study, four-point bending tests under minor-axis and major-axis bending were carried out. The test specimens included plain and lipped channel sections of both 6063-T5 and 6061-T6 aluminum alloys. A finite-element (FE) model of the channel section beam was developed by using the FE package ABAQUS. The ultimate bending resistances and failure modes of the FE model were compared with the results from the bending tests. The validated model was employed for the parametric study to generate numerical simulation results. A total of 55 new experimental and numerical beam results were compared with predictions from existing aluminum alloy design specifications from the United States, Australia/New Zealand, Europe, and China. Additionally, two commonly used design approaches—the continuous strength method (CSM) and the direct strength method (DSM)—were applied to predict bending capacities for comparisons. A modified DSM approach for aluminum alloy channel section beams is proposed herein. Finally, reliability analyses were conducted to evaluate the aforementioned design methods. The results show that, in comparison with other considered design methods, the CSM provides more accurate and consistent results for aluminum alloy plain and lipped channel section beams.

Literature Review on Utilization of Waste EPS in Paver Blocks
Authors:- Post Graduation Student Anupama U, Assistant Professor Sadhasivam

Abstract:- Plastic is one of the critical issues that the world is facing. Over 300 million metric tons of plastics are produced every year. Among those expanded polystyrene is the fourth largest solid waste produced in the world. Polystyrene is an active contributor occupying more space in the landfill. 14 million tons of EPS is produced every year. These like any other plastics are non biodegradable hence they take centuries to decay. Nowadays EPS is being used in numerous applications due to its different properties.EPS is also being used in the construction industry due to its properties like lightweight,inert, thermal insulation and binding. The project focuses on using waste EPS to make paverblocks. The use of waste EPS in pavement block is a partial solution to the environmental and ecological challenges associated with the use of EPS. The aim of this project is to reduce environmental pollution by using waste EPS to produce pavement blocks. The EPS material is first shredded and melted by using limonene. Hence the project is helpful in reducing EPS waste in a useful way. This paper includes review of various studies conducted on utility of waste EPS material used in the construction industry. Moreover this paper will draw our focus toward the impingement on the various properties of concrete when partially replacing with waste expanded polystyrene.

Literature Review on E-Waste Compounds and its Impact of using in Landfillings and Concrete Structures
Authors:- Post Graduate Student Hari G. S., Associate Professor Dr. V. Venugopal

Abstract:-Widespread use of digital devices, including mobile phones, tablets, computers, smart watches has made electronic waste a new environmental problem. Discarded gadgets result in massive piles of e-waste, which contaminates soil and groundwater in the world. Electronic waste or e-waste is one of the emerging problems in developed and developing countries worldwide. It comprises of a multitude of components with valuable materials, some containing toxic substances, that can have an adverse impact on human health and the environment. Previous studies show that India has generated 0.4 million tons of e-waste in 2010 which may increase to 0.9 to 1 million tons by 2019–2020. Coupled with lack of appropriate infrastructural facilities and procedures for its disposal and recycling have posed significant importance for e-waste management in India. In general, e-waste is generated through recycling of e-waste and also from dumping of these wastes from other countries. More of these wastes are ending up in dumping yards, recycling canters and e waste mixing in landfill and in concrete structures posing a new challenge to the environment, soil strata, underground water table and policy makers as well. In general electronic gadgets are meant to make our lives happier and simpler, but the toxicity it contains, their disposal and recycling becomes a health and nature nightmare. Most of the users are unaware of the potential negative impact of rapidly increasing use of computers, monitors, and televisions. This review article provides a concise overview of how the e-waste affects the environment and human health by the techniques currently using as landfills and in concrete structures as management of e waste.

Literature Review on Analysis of Modular Building Using E-Tabs Software
Authors:- Post Graduate Safeek A., Assistant Professor Balachandran

Abstract:- Modular building with advantages of quick installation, good comfort,beautiful appearance and convenient turnover, is widely used in construction of temporary construction, business services, holiday villas and other projects.The paper aims an analysis of modular buildings by using E-tabs software. It focusesupon basic design assumptions that are accepted for modular buildings.There are so many software. using now a days to analyse a s structural buildings but in the case of modular buildings the analysis by using E-TABS is an innovative solution.And also to steel is better than an ordinary construction based on their strength and also regarding with other factors. The software is using here to analyse the modular construction. Different models were developed in the E-TABSSoftware to research the analyticalperformance of ordinary structures.Current project E-TABS is used to calculate the overall structural strengthand stiffness, and the stress and displacement calculation results under the control of verticalload and horizontal wind load.

Literature Review on Creep and Shrinkage Analysis and Comparison of High Strength Concrete
Authors:- Post Graduate Student Hiba Basheer, Professor Dr. A. Thirumurugan

Abstract:-High strength concrete (HSC) has revolutionized the construction industry in the 1980’s and Australian researchers, consultants and contractors have been very active in this area. However, most major codes for design and construction with concrete are applicable only to normal strength concrete (f’c < 50 MPa) and are based on research on normal strength concrete (NSC). In order to investigate the creep and shrinkage behavior of HSC, creep and shrinkage specimens were cast using concrete of strengths namely 110 MPa and creep and shrinkage strains measured. Presented herein are the experimental details and the test results. The obtained results are also compared with five published creep and shrinkage models most of which are meant for NSC. The preliminary findings indicate that they are not quite applicable to HSC and there is need for the development of new models for the prediction of creep and shrinkage in HSC.

Literature Survey and Study on Steel-Fibred Lime Brick and Their Application on Environment
Authors:- Post Graduate Student Reshma P. D., Associate Professor V. Murugesh

Abstract:-Short and randomly distributed steel fibres are often used for making bricks &concrete reinforcement since they offer resistance to crack initiation and, mainly, to crack propogation.In steel fibre reinforced concrete of low fibre volume content, the fibre reinforcement effectiveness is only significant after matrix cracking, since fibres crossing the crack guarantee a certain level of stress transfer between the faces of the crack, providing to the concrete a residual strength, the magnitude of which depends on the fibre, matrix and fibre-matrix properties.Lime brick is a product that uses lime instead of cement. It is usually a white brick made of lime and selected quarry dust, cast in molds and cured. These bricks are good acoustic insulation, good heat and & humidity as well as excellent fire resistance.

Analysis of Sound Absorbing Panel Using Agro Waste Products
Authors:- Post Graduate Student Sruthi, Professor Dr. Kumar A.

Abstract:-Sound pollution, is the propagation of noise with ranging impacts on the activity of human or animal life, most of them harmful to a degree. The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines, transport, and propagation systems. poor urban planning may give rise to noise disintegration or pollution, side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas. Some of the main sources of noise in residential areas include loud music, transportation (traffic, rail, airplanes, etc.), lawn care maintenance, construction, electrical generators, explosions, and people. As an alternative in our research project we are concerned with maximum utilization of agro-waste Material Such as Rice straw to develop Noise absorbing Composite with bamboo as reinforcing material and study of acoustical and flammability properties of Composites.

Assessment of ICT Skills of Science Teachers for Online Instruction
Authors:- Cyril Francisco Forro

Abstract:-This study was conducted to assess the level of ICT skills of science teachers for online instruction and employed a qualitative-descriptive research design. This was conducted in the school year 2020-2021. This study utilized a survey questionnaire, which was adapted from National ICT Competency Standards for Teachers, in gathering the data from 37 science teachers of Koronadal National Comprehensive High School-Junior High School (KNCHS-JHS). All science teachers of KNCHS-JHS were considered as respondents of this study. The method used in the collection of data was face to face administration of survey. Frequency counting and mean were utilized to analyze the demographic profile of the respondents. In analyzing and interpreting the level of ICT skill of science teachers, mean was utilized. The findings of the study revealed that the level of ICT skills of science teachers in all standards of Domain A (Technology Operations and Concepts), Domain B (Social and Ethical), and Domain C (Pedagogical) is proficient. This is shown by the means of Domains A, B, and C which are 2.87, 2.79, and 2.84 respectively. In proficient level, teachers here can perform ICT skills independently but require guidance at times. On the other hand, the level of ICT skill of science teachers in all standards of domain D (Professional) is basic with a mean of 2.42. This means that teachers can perform ICT skills with the guidance of an ICT expert. There are also some indicators in domains A, B, and C where the level of ICT skills of science teachers is basic. Generally, the level of ICT skills science teachers is proficient. Meaning, they can perform ICT skills independently but require guidance at times. Based on the results of this study there is a need to conduct an ICT training for science teachers to further enhance some of their ICT skills/competencies. Thus, the author of this action research recommends that the proposed ICT training be conducted to the science teachers of KNCHS-JHS. The ICT training shall include all indicators which was rated basic by the respondents.

Performance Analysis of Single phase 7 level CHBMLI for Various Applications
Authors:-Mritunjay Prasad Singh, Santosh Kumar

Abstract:-Inverter is a device which is used for converting DC power into AC. Due to harmonic issue in conventional inverter researcher work in the field of multi-level inverter. A multi-level inverter starts from 3 level to n level. In the recent year due to increasing in renewable generation the scope of work in the field of multi-level increases day by day. The main work in this paper is to develop the easy topology for 7 level generations with the help of multilevel inverter. The proposed scheme is used for implementation for the different load which is used in domestic purpose. The multi carrier PWM technique is used for switching action. Finally the performance is verified by the use of MATLAB software by the experimental result. The THD is calculated for different load on proposed work.

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