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IJSRET Volume 6 Issue 5, Sep-Oct-2020

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A Design and Performance Analysis of 64-bit Multiplier based on Rounding Based Approximation Technique
Authors:-M.Tech. Scholar Md Dilnawaz Hansala , Assistant Professor Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi

Abstract:- Multipliers play a vital job in the present digital signal handling and different applications. With advances in innovation, numerous scientists have attempted and are endeavoring to structure multipliers which offer both of the following plan targets – high speed, low power utilization, consistency of design and henceforth less zone or even mix of them in one multiplier in this way making them appropriate for different high speed, low power and minimal VLSI usage.

Power Efficient Radix-2 DIT FFT using Folding Technique and DKG Reversible Gate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Shashi Shekhar Singh, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- FFT is normally utilized in computerized flag preparing algorithms. 4G correspondence and different remote framework-based correspondence are directly hotly debated issues of innovative work in the remote correspondence and organizing field. FFT is a calculation that speeds up the count of DFT. In the main stage, low multifaceted nature Radix-2 Multi-way Delay Commutator (R2MDC) FFT recurrence change method is created through Exceptionally Large-Scale Integration System structure condition. Low power utilization, less zone and rapid are the VLSI primary parameters. Customary R2MDC FFT structure has more equipment multifaceted nature because of its escalated computational components. Two strategies are utilized to plan radix-2 FFT calculation. In firest strategy is plan radix-2 FFT with the help of reversible Peres gate and TR gate. Second method is design radix-2 FFT with the help of reversible DKG Gate. The all structure are usage vertex-4 device family Xilinx programming and looked at past calculation.

Power Quality Improvement at Grid Using Virtual Synchronous Machine in Solar Power Plant
Authors:-Rahul R. Bhende, Dr. S.P. Muley, Prof. S.C. Suke

Abstract:- Renewable power primarily based dispensed power mills are getting an crucial a part of the destiny electricity structures. Power electronic converters are commonly used an interface between the renewable energy supply and the software grid. Since the strength virtual converters do not possess any rotating inertia like a synchronous generator, fast fluctuations in strength supply and call for purpose unexpected deviations inside the grid frequency in electricity virtual converter ruled weak grids. A virtual synchronous machine (VSM) approach for controlling the inverters related to the grid tries to mimic the behaviour of a synchronous system and offers virtual inertia to the grid via distinctive feature of the electrical garage. In this paper a simple virtual synchronous machine control strategy based totally on swing equation is proposed for 3 phase grid linked inverters. The proposed manage strategy is implemented in desk bound reference body and does not need a section locked loop for grid synchronization unlike a few of the existing strategies. The virtual synchronous device unit consists of a DC-link linked thru a three-section voltage supply converter with an LCL-clear out into the grid and the corresponding local manipulate machine. A check setup of the virtual synchronous system unit with the specification of 200 V, 50 Hz, 1 kW is evolved within the laboratory environment to validate the control scheme. Different performance research together with actual and reactive power manipulate of VSM, effect of variation within the value of inertia of VSM at the electricity reaction, response of VSM for the grid frequency variant have been performed. The overall performance of VSM control is in comparison with the conventional stoop control approach for the grid connectedc onverters.

High Speed Multi-Level Discrete Wavelet Transform Using Canonic Signed Digit Technique
Authors:- Kumar Anuj Sinha, Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:-A few designs have been proposed for productive VLSI usage of 2-D DWT for continuous applications. It is discovered that multipliers expend more chip zone and builds unpredictability of the DWT engineering. Multiplier-less (M-less) equipment usage approach gives an answer for lessen chip zone, bring down equipment unpredictability and higher throughput of calculation of the DWT architecture. The proposed design outline is (i) priority must be given for memory complexity optimization over the arithmetic complexity optimization or reduction of cycle period and (ii) memory utilization efficiency to be considered ahead of memory reduction due to design complexity of memory optimization method. Based on the proposed design outline four separate design approaches and concurrent architectures are presented in this thesis for area-delay and power efficient realization of multilevel 2-D DWT. In this theory a M-less VLSI engineering is proposed utilizing new circulated math calculation named CSD. We show that CSD is an exceptionally effective design with adders as the primary part and free of ROM, duplication, and subtraction. The proposed engineering utilizing CSD gives less deferral and least number of cut looked at the current design. The simulation was performed using XILINX 14.1i and ModelSim simulator.

Implementation of Power Area Efficient 32-Bit Approximate Multiplier with Improved Accuracy
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Priti Shrivastava, Dr.Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- Approximate computing has received significant attention as a promising strategy to enhance performance of multiplication. Various arithmetic operations such as multiplication addition, subtraction are important part of digital circuit to speed up the computation speed of processor. This paper presents 32 bit approximate multiplier for high speed and low delay for advance digital signal processing. Previous it is designed at 16 bit for various applications. Research work is focus on hardware-level approximation by introducing the partial product perforation technique and dadda multiplier for designing approximate multiplication circuits. Xilinx 14.7 is used to implementation with verilog programming language.

Blockchain-Based Access Control Framework in Patient-Centered Interoperability
Authors:- Qingsong Zhao, Rodney Thompson

Abstract:- Interoperability is one of the most critical functions in Health Information System (HIS), which is shifting from Hospital-Centered Interoperability (HCI) to Patient-Centered interoperability (PCI). However, in HIS there isn’t a framework that supports patient to protect their information’s confidentiality and integrity, and to audit data usage. In this paper, we look at Blockchain and Smart Contract technologies and their key features that make blockchain the technology to solve the problem. We then propose a Blockchain-based access control framework in patient-centered interoperability and its implementation.

Enhanced Performance Reversible ALU Design Using Reversible HNG Gate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Mohini Mehra, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- ALU is the most essential block of any computer, microprocessor and digital signal processors DSPs. All the arithmetic and logical operations are performed inside the arithmetical and logic unit of the processor. The processing speed of the CPU is relying upon the complexity of the logics inside.Programmable reversible logic is developing as a prospective logic configuration style for execution in present day nanotechnology and quantum computing application with insignificant effect on generation of circuit heat. Late advancement in reversible logic utilizing and quantum computation algorithms take into account to enhance computers architecture and arithmetic logic unit architecture. The proposed ALU control unit configuration is made up from three Feynman reversible logic gates, three R-I reversible logic gates and one Fredkin reversible logic gate which is synthesized and simulated on Xilinx.14.7 ISE design suite. The simulation of proposed design has been done on Vertex-7 device family using Xilinx Isim HDL simulator. The obtained results are comparatively better as compared to existing results. The proposed design has quantum cost efficient. The quantum cost evaluated is “26n”, has minimum garbage output evaluated “5n” and ancilla-input evaluated “3n+2” where “n” is the number of bits. With respect of device utilization, proposed design occupies less area reduced about to 12.86% and minimum aggregate evaluated delay is 5.96ns to achieve high- speed.

Design and Analysis of Low Power Consumption I0T Full Adder Circuit
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Sheetal Sahani, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- This paper presents a design methodology using CMOS transistor for the architecture of full adder design with minimum number of transistor i.e. reduced size and reduced area for low power consumption in CMOS 90nm technology. This is used to implement low power full adder design for carrying out summation of three different input bits. The circuit of low power full adder is designed by using DSCH tool 2.7 & analysis of the low power full adder design is done at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology by using Micro wind tool 2.6.The result shows the comparison in CMOS technology at 90 nm rule on the design in regards of power dissipation, signal propagation delay, transistor counts and power delay product. A comparison is also carried out by some of the parameters taking into consideration like delay of the low power full adder circuit design with the base paper full adder design, which shows the advantage of the proposed low power full adder design. We are using two different simulation tools such as DSCH 2.7 for circuit design and Micro-wind 2.6 for waveform simulation. Firstly the low power full adder circuit will be designed using DSCH tool 2.7 using 10 transistor maintaining W/L ratio 3:1. Then the Verilog code of the design is made and the layout will be made in CMOS 90 nm technology using microwind tool 2.6. The low power full adder circuit using 10T design will be simulated at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology to compare different parameters like power consumption, delay, PDP & transistor counts.

Phytorid Technology
Authors:- Madhavi Sawant, Kalpesh Aware, Yogesh Honrao

Abstract:- – Demand for water is increasing day by day, we need to develop various low-cost technologies which could be implemented at point source as well as at individual houses so that wastewater could be treated and reused at house-hold levels and hence reducing the loads on sewage treatment plants. Also, at various places treated wastewater from sewage treatment plants is disposed in natural waterways such as rivers, lakes and hence they are polluted and increases risk of hygiene. Hence in order to reduce pollution and to make smart use of wastewater for future purposes one technology which is used is Phytorid Technology. This technology is a patented technology and is dependent on various plant species. The aim of this project is providing a system which is low-cost, low-maintenance, and which works without disturbing ecosystem. To improve the quality to water without causing ground-pollution is done by considering various water parameters which should be satisfied for reusing the water for various purposes with reference of IS 3025 code books.

Performance Analysis of Low Power high speed 1-Bit CMOS Full Adder Cell
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Ayushi Katiyar, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract:- This paper presents a design methodology using CMOS transistor for the architecture of full adder design with minimum number of transistor i.e. reduced size and reduced area for low power consumption in CMOS 90nm technology. This is used to implement low power full adder design for carrying out summation of three different input bits. The circuit of low power full adder is designed by using DSCH tool 2.7 & analysis of the low power full adder design is done at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology by using Micro wind tool 2.6.The result shows the comparison in CMOS technology at 90 nm rule on the design in regards of power dissipation, signal propagation delay, transistor counts and power delay product. A comparison is also carried out by some of the parameters taking into consideration like delay of the low power full adder circuit design with the base paper full adder design, which shows the advantage of the proposed low power full adder design. We are using two different simulation tools such as DSCH 2.7 for circuit design and Micro-wind 2.6 for waveform simulation. Firstly the low power full adder circuit will be designed using DSCH tool 2.7 using 10 transistor maintaining W/L ratio 3:1. Then the Verilog code of the design is made and the layout will be made in CMOS 90 nm technology using microwind tool 2.6. The low power full adder circuit using 10T design will be simulated at room temperature in CMOS 90 nm technology to compare different parameters like power consumption, delay, PDP & transistor counts.

Clothes Hanging System
Authors:- Rajalakshmi, Sangeetha, Yaswini, Mathivathana oviya pavai T

Abstract:- The unstable weather condition can make difficulty in drying clothes and the situation will become worse if it is raining. For people who are working, surely they worried about their clothes that left dry outside. This project introduces smart outdoor clothes hanging system that can automatically detect the atmosphere conditions and the presence of rain and the sunlight and provide the shelter for the clothes to protect them rain and also automatically retrieve out the clothes when it is the sunny day and oppositely retrieve in the clothes when it is a rainy day.The dry-time of the clothes will be counted and it will automatically retrieve-in the clothes when the dried-time is finished. This project will make use of various sensors such as rain sensor, LDR sensor and moisture sensor for detecting rain,light intensity and dryness respectively. Day conditions will display sunny, cloud or rainy.Soft iron plate is placed for placing the wet clothes and their movements are controlled by gear motors which are placed on either side. This hanger system can be used in hospitals, hostels and home.

A Review on Image Object Segmentation Features on Various Techniques and Limitations
Authors:- Neha Agrawal, Dr.Mrs. Farah Haneef

Abstract:- Image segmentation is defined as a partition realized to an image into homogeneous regions to modify it into something that is more meaningful and softer to examine. Although several segmentation approaches have been proposed recent years. As amount of data increases so manual segmentation and identification is tough. So there is a need of mechanized procedure for precise segmentation of image. Distinctive programmed strategies have been produced till date to expand the precision for segmentation finding. In this paper distinctive techniques for object segmentation done by various researchers with benefits and drawbacks of these prior proposed work.

Image Restoration Using Sparse Dictionary Matrix Learning K-Svd Algorithm
Authors:- Rahul Joshi R, Saranyu P, Vijay R E, Associate Prof. J. Deepa

Abstract:- Images captured in smoky weather conditions causes the poor visibility, which will create a more impacts on the outdoor computer vision systems, such as video surveillance, intelligent transportation assistance system, remote sensing space cameras and so on. In certain situations, actual visibility restoration approaches cannot able to restore images due to poor evaluation of haze thickness and the determination of color cast problems. In our work, we propose a visibility restoration approach to effectively solve inadequate haze thickness estimation and alleviate color cast problems. By doing so, a high-quality image with clear visibility and color can be generated to improve the visibility of single input image (with fog or haze), as well as the image’s details. Our approach process from two important statistical observations about haze-free images and the haze itself. First, Wavelet decomposition is applied and LUM Filter is applied on the decomposed image. Finally, we can get the dehazed output.

Prevention of Food Wastage Using Mobile Application
Authors:-Associate Professor V Gokula Krishnan(M.Tech., Phd), V Dhathanamoorthy, P Karan, N J Kishore

Abstract:- According to different sources, 25% to 40% of food products are wasted in the world. There is something that we still don’t see: food wasted by restaurants, shops or industries. There is also something we can see: food wasted by ourselves. This is the range focus of communities, through the management of wasted products of catering firms. Now a days People are aware of importance of food but there are no platform to share information about the excess of food available in the particular restaurants, shops and even in our homes for non-profitable organizations to offer food to the needy. We propose an android application in which the registered user can post the extra available food in their community for other users to come and get use of it by taking the extra food to the people in need.

Social BOT Detection for Twitter Dataset by User Action and Genetic Algorithm
Authors:- Sanjay Soni , Dr. Ritu Shrivastava

Abstract:- Digital platform dependency of today era attract promoters to brand product services. So unwanted posting was done by some programs known as bot. Number of researchers have proposed different techniques to identify these bots which was post by bot programs. This paper has developed a model to identify bots from real user. User action were analyze as features for classification of bots and real user. Whole processes adopt graph based clustering and teacher learning based optimization genetic algorithm. Graph based clustering classify user into two class and genetic algorithm find the class representative action sequence in form of features. Experiment was done on real twitter dataset and result shows that proposed model has increase the detection accuracy of work.

Twitter Fake News Analysis using Classification Techniques
Authors:- Khushbu Tomar, Prof. Manoj Kumar Nagar

Abstract:- Sentiment analysis is the computational study of opinions, sentiments, evaluations, attitudes, views and emotions expressed in text. It refers to a classification problem where the main focus is to predict the polarity of words and then classify them into positive or negative sentiment. Sentiment analysis over Twitter offers people a fast and effective way to measure the public’s feelings towards their party and politicians. The primary issue in previous sentiment analysis techniques is the determination of the most appropriate classifier for a given classification problem. If one classifier is chosen from the available classifiers, then there is no surety in the best performance on unseen data. So, to reduce the risk of selecting an inappropriate classifier, we are combining the outputs of a set of classifiers. Thus, in this paper, we use an approach that automatically classifies the sentiment of tweets by combining machine learning classifiers with lexicon-based classifier. We physically mark a broad Twitter data set of 100,000 tweets and perform low quality content discovery continuously dependent on the described noteworthy highlights and word level investigation. The consequences of our exploration demonstrate that our technique has a high precision of 0.9170 and a decent F1 of 0.9460 dependent on an irregular woodland classifier with continuous execution in the discovery of low-quality substance in tweets. Our work in this manner accomplishes a positive effect in improving client involvement in perusing internet-based life content.

Power Quality Improvement Using Istatcom (Improved Statcom) With DFIG
Authors:-M.Tech. Student Kuldeep Singh, Assistant Professor Dr. Bhupendra Kumar

Abstract:- In tradition power compensation devices and controlling techniques many disadvantage like only analyzing lower stability citeraia.one other hand our proposed ISTATCOM (Improved STATCOM) provide higher stability and lower losses. These are simulating MATLAB2015A software using Simulink. In this research work also gives a more stabilize DFIG system to controlling of power compensation ISTATCOM.

A Review of Power Quality Improvement Using Istatcom (Improved Statcom) With DFIG
Authors:- M.Tech. Student Kuldeep Singh, Assistant Professor Dr. Bhupendra Kumar

Abstract:- Along with the increasing of electricity load type and capacity, the problems of the power quality, especially reactive power and harmonic, are a serious threat to the safe operation of power grid. Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), as an important member of the FACT, has been widely used as the state-of the-art dynamic shunt compensator for controlling reactive power in transmission and distribution. It has attracted an extensive attention in domestic and foreign scientific and engineering fields with excellent performances of its smooth reactive power regulation and fast dynamic characteristics. Comparing with the traditional synchronous condenser. Static var compensator SVC, STATCOM which has a small size, a faster speed, a wide operation range has a great advantage in performance and can effectively compensate the reactive power, suppress harmonic current and provide voltage support for transmission system, it will be more and more widely used. This paper introduces the background, application status, challenges and development trend of STATCOM, pointing out that with the development of new technology and new power electronic devices and STATCOM in distribution network, STATCOM will occupy a very important position in the grid.

Review on Kinetic Energy Recovery System for Bicycle
Authors:- Khushbu Tomar, Prof. Manoj Kumar Nagar

Abstract:- This paper is a literature review on KERS for bicycle. Kinetic Energy Recovery System, commonly abbreviated KERS, is a system to recover the Kinetic energy of a moving vehicle under braking. This system stores the kinetic energy in the form of potential energy and converts it back to kinetic energy when needed. When riding a bicycle it becomes too tiresome to start the bicycle again after braking. If the bicycle is provided with a kinetic energy recovery system then the rider will have two power sources that he can use at his will. When brakes are applied kinetic energy is wasted because the kinetic energy converts into heat energy due to friction at the contact surface and the heat energy dissipates into the atmosphere due to thermal radiation. Vehicles equipped with KERS devices are able to take some of its kinetic energy out slowing down the vehicle. This is a form of braking in which energy is not wasted, instead gets stored in some device. Using a proper mechanism, this energy that is stored in terms of potential energy can be converted back into kinetic energy to give the vehicle an extra boost of power. In the literature review different types of available KERS systems are compared and a mechanical based KERS system is found to be the best suitable for a bicycle.

Student Information System
Authors:- Professor Apeksha Gopale, Kharmale Akshay Kans, Khan Nayaab Moiz Ahmed, Siddiqui Shamshad Hussain

Abstract:- (SIS) Student Information System enables us to access all of the necessary forms of information required by the users or the teachers to manage their own or others authorized record, let’s say students records in an automated manner over the internet at any point in time [1]. The information or the documents of the c and date sor students are manipulated in such a way that it provides an alliance with the system to balance the student’s information. The organizations such as big universities make use of or recycle the records of the students very effectively and efficiently [5]. All the data available in the form of digital documents which are updated, modernize and renovated time to time by the department or the administration, which in this case is the faculties and the higher authorities in an organization, are most likely to be treated as sensitive data for every section [2]. The college details as well as the student’s details along with the course and batch details followed by curriculum and placement details and more importantly academic-related records and reports with all the necessary resources are taken care of or handheld by the (SIS) Student Information System [3]. The Student information system allows us to examine and analyses all the interest,affairs and transactions in the college, Different ambiguity and uncertainties can be produced and established on various substitute or preferences related to the student’s semester including the courses and the examination[2].

Design and Development of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Instructional Trainer
Authors:- Orlando D. Sumalpong, Jr. , Dr. Alenogines L. San Diego

Abstract:- The study aims to infuse advanced educational technology in classroom instruction or training on refrigeration and air conditioning. Specifically, the focus of the study includes designing, developing, fabricating, and evaluating the instructional trainer. Through simulations, end-users experiences the actual function of the refrigeration and air conditioning system that could help enhance students learning capabilities and skills in basic troubleshooting on both electrical and the mechanical system. This trainer was evaluated by twenty-five (25) respondents composed of two (2) faculty and twenty-three (23) students to determine its level of quality in terms of functionality, reliability, portability, aesthetics, economy, safety, and academic impact using a descriptive survey questionnaire. Based on the result of the study, the trainer’s functionality, reliability, portability, safety, and academic impact are Excellent while the aesthetics and the economy are Very Good. This implies that the trainer serves its purpose in providing comprehensive teaching-learning capabilities to equip the users with thorough knowledge and skills. It is recommended for further research studies to use Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) in monitoring and in detecting the pressure and temperature of the refrigeration system; to inject more faults in the trainer to enhance the troubleshooting skills of the students, and to mount a whiteboard for lecture purposes at the back of the trainer.

Predicting and Managing Data using Cloud Computing
Authors:- S.Kaviarasan, E.Venkatesh, S.Shrinivasan, E.L.Sarath Pranev

Abstract:- Stock value forecast has been an inclining yet mystifying topic for quite a long period of time. These days developing of information become essential effort to store and maintain information. On the other hand due to availability of large number of data in all fields, it helps to manipulate the available data and makes that data to get useful by required way. Because of increased data volume information become significant job in all spots. By considering an under-used information source client can assume a job, for example, forecast of future investigation. Using corporate to analyze and build the predictor for future visit volume and for corporate predicts the stock price for product get falls up and down. By utilizing information sources we exhibiting the extravagance of the information source, shows how the information can be utilized to improve stock cost in corporate, finds intriguing patterns and conduct, gives stock cost to item finds a workable pace. The aftereffect of these examination are made utilizing KNN and mix calculation. This assists with understanding the upside of investigation of information and forecast report shows the information in visual diagram which makes the client to improve understanding.

Performance of Total Quality Management in Manufacturing Industry to Increase Production Rate
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Gaurav Awadhiya, Professor Trilok Mishra

Abstract:- The main objectives in implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) in any organizations are to ensure their products manufactured or services provided shall satisfy their customers’ requirements and needs. Therefore, the level of awareness of TQM has increased considerably over the past few years. Due to this reason, the objectives of this research are carried out to investigate the level of TQM implementation and to pinpoint areas lacking in implementation in a manufacturing industry.A case study on a TQM project in a manufacturing industry is formulated and presented. The objective of this thesis is to study the application of some important TQM tools and techniques subsequently study the benefits gained through implementation of these tools. The analysis will be carried out on the basis of research on TQM in the practice, pointed out in literature by different authors in this field. The finding shows that productivity of RPS assembly line YAD model improves by increasing the production rate from 77% to 99 %. The evidence presented shows that companies that do adopt quality cost model are successful in reducing quality costs and improving quality for their customers.

Twitter Data Analysis using Machine Learning Classification Techniques
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Nisha Kumawat, Assistant Professor P. Kumar Choure

Abstract:- Sentiment analysis is the computational study of opinions, sentiments, evaluations, attitudes, views and emotions expressed in text. It refers to a classification problem where the main focus is to predict the polarity of words and then classify them into positive or negative sentiment. Sentiment analysis over Twitter offers people a fast and effective way to measure the public’s feelings towards their party and politicians. The primary issue in previous sentiment analysis techniques is the determination of the most appropriate classifier for a given classification problem. If one classifier is chosen from the available classifiers, then there is no surety in the best performance on unseen data. So, to reduce the risk of selecting an inappropriate classifier, we are combining the outputs of a set of classifiers. Thus, in this paper, we use an approach that automatically classifies the sentiment of tweets by combining machine learning classifiers with lexicon-based classifier. We physically mark a broad Twitter dataset of 100,000 tweets and perform low quality content discovery continuously dependent on the described noteworthy highlights and word level investigation. The consequences of our exploration demonstrate that our technique has a high precision of 0.9170 and a decent F1 of 0.9460 dependent on an irregular woodland classifier with continuous execution in the discovery of low-quality substance in tweets. Our work in this manner accomplishes a positive effect in improving client involvement in perusing internet-based life content.

Review of The Optimal Coordination of Directional Overcurrent Relay Using Moth Flame Optimization
Authors:- Shobha Goswami, Assistant Professor Tikeshwar Gajpal

Abstract:- A comprehensive review of different optimal coordination methods like seekers algorithm, fire fly algorithm, hybrid genetic algorithm, hybrid PSO, artificial bees colony, flower polliation ,CMA-ES algorithm, GANLP for mitigate the relay problem. Relay coordination is essential to ensure quick operation of relays in order to avoid the excessive damage to the equipment’s and end users consumers. As the probability of shunt fault occurring in the network is higher comparatively so protection is done accordingly. Relay coordination means coordination of proper relaying operation with certain insight between primary and back-up relays pair connected in the network.

Cargo Management System Using Ethereum Blockchain
Authors:- Rensen S., HeadSajeev J., Principal Dr. Mahalakshmi T.

Abstract:- The Cargo management system is developed in truffle framework, Solidity, Php and has the MySql database. The objective of this product is to deal with all the cargo business. The product stores the subtle elements of the packages the client need to dispatch. The name of the package, weight, number of packages or compartments, starting point port, and the destination port. During shipping as indicated by the data given by various clients, every one of the bundles is loaded and shipped. The quantity of packages is noted down in the product and the same report is given to the clients of the destination port. At the point when the packages achieve the destination place, the client of the destination place verifies whether every one of the packages is available and are come to securely. If so bundles of clients are partitioned again and they are sent to their goal put either through train or through street transport. At the point when the packages have achieved their last address, a notice is sent to the client of the cause place. The client must pay the transportation to add up to the freight administration.

Reciting Chatbot for Image Recognition in Goal-Driven Training
Authors:- S. Kaviarasan, M.Arun Prakash, S. Arun Raj, K. Ram Kumar

Abstract:- In the age of Chatbots, they’re assisting us to locate merchandise, places, food or even clear up customer service problems with increasing in AI technology. Chatbot will educate you concerning noteworthy matters just like the need to click a hyperlink or they are human, no longer robots. Especially, given an image, a discourse history, and a picture issue, the specialist must ground the photo question, result in records placing, and solution the inquiry precisely. User photos may be uploaded to the chatbot API and then the photo can be processed. After that API displays remark approximately the image which we uploaded. In that grounded records can be degraded to bot by consumer over a long chat. To enhance this, we generally tend to devise an honest auxiliary goal that encourages Q-BOT to raise diverse queries, accordingly decreasing repetitions and subsequently optional A-BOT to explore a bigger kingdom residence all through RL i.e. To be exposed to quite a few visible ideas to speak about, and varied inquiries to reply. This may be performed by way of aim pushed training to customers query to get a greater precise solution to the consumer.

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Journals With Publication Fees

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Research journal are important part of any budding author and their research work, as they desire to be published in good journal. Research journal are available in different varieties as according to the prices of publication, specific field, or area wise, national, or international journals, accessibility based and so on. So, one of most popular categories is the paid journals or unpaid journals, as in case of paid mostly journals with publication fees are preferred by authors. Because there may be some delays occurred in the publishing process for the free journal with publication fees negligible.

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Review Article Processing Charges

But the scenario is some research journals can’t be targeted due to delays in the publishing manuscript due to no charges and some journals with the high impact factor demands more fees for the publication. so, students get in the doubt which journal to choose, so targeting the journal having the good impact factor with journals with publication fees minimum. There are some points that help the budding authors to choose the journal effortlessly:

  • Authorization: the main thing in choosing any journal is to check whether the journal is authorized or not. For this there is a need of to check the identity ISSN number that every international journal is allotted.
  • Impact factor: check whether the journal targeted has the potential or not, with that do clear about the impact factor of the journal.
  • Evaluation: then have the look at the committee, which is doing the valuation of the papers, they must have that much experienced in the field they are doing their work.
  • Publication: start checking the year of the publication started and volume issued, which must be old enough and have the long-term journey.
  • Certificates: as soon as the publication process ends the certificates must be delivered to the authors. If distant candidates, they do send them online certificates.
  • Fees: they didn’t issue the lot of fees in name of editing, copyright, publishing, online certifications, etc. the journal must be open access and with less publication charges.
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Impact Factor For Journals

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Impact factor of the journal is the important parameter for any research or academic journal to measure its standard, quality, and the potential. Thus, the impact factor for journal is important and need to be maintained. Any budding author before targeting any journal check the impact factor of the journal and the price of the journal for the publication. As talking about the price demanded by the publication must be low and in budget of authors, otherwise though having the high impact factor for journal they refused to publish.

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Review Article Processing Charges

Impact factor for journal, is index that are cited by the average published articles in the journal. This states that journals having the high impact factor are good and reputed journal. But apart from the impact there are also some points which need to be in mind before selecting a journal. These are mentioned as:

  • Checking the volumes and issued published in the journal, papers published in the journal.
  • Looking for the committee or finding information about them who can evaluate the paper and the publication work.
  • The fees issuing for the accessing charges or the free open source publication.
  • The year of the publication started in the duration, must be at-least five years.
  • The important point is to check the impact factor of any journal for knowing its potential.

Any research journal that are targeted must mentioned all the details of the registration, paper acceptance, fees, paper standard, accessibility etc in the portfolio or brochure. As some of the students can’t afford the fees of the journals that are reputed because of having high impact factor. So, try to choose the journal having the minimum fees of publication with no extra expenses and only publication fees.

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Highest Impact Factor Of Journals

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The impact factor of any journal or the journal impact factor of any academic or research is the index that reflects the yearly average number of citations that articles published in the last two years in each journal. So, the measure of the good journal is the impact factor or highest impact factor of journals is the term denoted to reputed one. But there are certain points other than the impact factor to be noted down:

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Review Article Processing Charges

  • Number of papers published in the various volumes of the issues of the monthly or bi-monthly of each of the volume.
  • Reviewing team and evaluation committee for the publication of paper and acceptance also.
  • Article processing charges and the extra fees demand by the publication.
  • The year of the journal started to publish and to copyright the research work.

Thus other than the highest impact factor of journals, it is not sufficient for choosing any journal for the research work, above points need to be followed also. The standard journal needs the proper format of the research paper whether its IEEE format paper or general or they mentioned their own. Following are major headings one format include abstract, keyword, introduction, objectives, literature survey, diagrams, figures, charts, tables, readings, pictures, applications, conclusion, observation, output, future work, references etc.

Followed by the highest impact factor of the journals some other sources are also required for the successful and effortless publishing. The publication of the journal must be done by doing work of publishing on time without delays, as this causes loss for the budding authors. The next is the publisher must support the author and the team with full guidance and query solving. After that they do have the chat support open for the publishers to contact, ask help and doubts in the process of registering, end to end process. There must be full fee structure mentioned in the brochure or the portfolio of the publication journal, to avoid misconceptions. There must be clarifications done with the authors about the paper formatting and the research work improvement.

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Online Journal Publication

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The internet has made provide us the facility to access it from any corner of the world without any difficulty. This has created the niche in education sector. With this research students, scholars, a professional doesn’t left behind, they are also accessing the online journal publication, from any corner of the state, country. People can published their research work and manuscript in any desired online journal. All the remote candidates who willing to published their paper in the top rated or highest impact factor journal can do it in just few steps. This online journal publication is the best for the working professional who didn’t have any time to present physically at the location and hardly had the funds issue.

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There is hardly any sector left that didn’t influence by internet and modified its activities to online platform. Among those online usage the highest usage of those services is done by the youths and the students for the various activities other than social media. So online searching for the research journals is one of that activity. Candidates are in always search for getting the suitable journal for publishing their work which must be affordable with low charges and having all the facilities that every good journal has. Here mentioned some of the points that need to checked before targeting any journal:

  • The journal selected must be legally authorized and has rights of publishing.
  • The journal age must be above at-least five years that is has experience of publishing documents.
  • They must provide all the resources to the remote students also, certificates to be issue on time.
  • The journal targeted have the peer reviewed team at best and has the experience in that particular area too.

The journal must be open access resources and does not issue charges for the accessibility.

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List Of Publishing Journals

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As number of facilities and funding given to the young research scientists, there has been plenty of researchers found and thus the publishing journals. Government are taking primary steps to motivate the young talent and the budding authors to complete their research. Due to this every aspirant published their paper work in the selected journal, thus there is wide list of publishing journals. There are varieties of journals found as per the candidate desired. The long list of publishing journals found easily on any website or online platform, so candidate must fix their criteria for the selection of the journal.

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The budding authors has the various options to choose the journal for the publication work. As majorly defined types are paid or unpaid journal, specific branch wise journal, accessibility depend, according to impact factor. Hence based on qualities journal has, candidate scroll the list of publication journal and match the below conditions. The perspective of selecting the research journal for printing the manuscript is different of every author. Due to the increase in demand and number of students doing research increases, the availability of research publication gets extent. Thus, due to competition prices of most of journals dropped.

  • The journal must have strong peer reviewed team and experienced too.
  • The publication must be authorized one.
  • The journal must have the open access resources or at-least hybrid one.
  • The journal targeted must be experienced in publishing manuscript and have the potential for it.
  • The journal must have the issuing bi-monthly or monthly.

On the based of above points choose the suitable that can perfectly match with the research work. But the Important point is any research journal selected must not include extra charges that are not mentioned in the curriculum. Check the fee structure of that journal which matches with the expectations and funds, before registering in any website. Otherwise registration fees get wasted or funds issued must be face.

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Best Indian Journals

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Every budding author has the different objective and look for tagging any research journal as the best Indian journal. But the common perspective every author desired is the research journal which is best Indian journal has the highest impact factor. Impact factor of any journal is the index that replicates the yearly middling number of documents that articles issued in the last two years in each journal. Thus, every candidate demands for the high impact factor and thus to prove the potential of that journal selected for the publishing manuscript of the research work.

Any research journal which has highest rating will consider because of impact factor usually. But some of the students tagged the best Indian journal on checking the peer team, cost of publication, accessing fees and many other points. There are variety of the publication journals available, but only few of them matched the criteria. As some of the highest potential journal has the high expectation from the paper, due to this average student go for the normal weighing impact journal. As because every student can’t afford the high publishing charges generally good journals have and they didn’t get the funds for the research.

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Here some of the points that should be checked before targeting any journal for the research work publication:

  • The journal must have the unique identity number given by the national council for the international journal.
  • The journal must be authorised one with all the legal authorities of publishing.
  • The journal targeted must be at-least five years and above age and have the relevant experience in the publication work.
  • The research journal must have the high impact factor and must be matched with the standards of the research work.
  • The journal should not bear extra expenses in name of the publication and registration process.
  • The journal must be bi-monthly or monthly as waiting for the other release should be wasting of time.
  • The journal must not take the charges of the accessibility that is it should be open access.
  • The journal should not demand copywriting or editing fees.
  • The journal must have the strong peer valued team for the evaluation.
  • The journal must be compulsorily distributed certificates to authors as soon as publication is over and to remote students also without charges.
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List Of Journals Without Publication Fee

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Generally, research journals are available in two categories paid journals and unpaid journals. The research journal selected by budding authors mainly by checking the publication fees, so there is wide list of journals without publication fee. But the problem with these types of journals is they are time taking. There is delay in the process of publication work. This causes problem to authors or students, as time gets wasted in the waiting. Targeting a research journal without the publishing charges is difficult and list of journals without the publication fees is more tough than that. But below some points are mentioned that help in choosing the other points of the research journal:

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  • Checking the authorisation of the research journal, identifying the unique identity number.
  • The year of the publication started by the journal publishing the papers, must be at-least five years back.
  • The volume of issue of the journal must be monthly or bi-monthly releasing, as yearly or half yearly release takes too much time of students.
  • The journal should not issue extra expenses other than the publication charges or access fees.
  • The journal must have the peer reviewed team for the paper evaluation.

There is easily obtained of the list of journals without publication fees, as due to the heavy demand of the research journals specially the journals having the high impact factor. The research journals which is specific about the particular field, have the greater demand, as to avoid publishing in general journal publication.the research journal that is targeted should not demand the other types of fees like extra pages, extra authors charge, accessibility charge, editing or copywriting fees, registration fees, acceptance fees of paper etc. the journal should minimize all this charges with the publishing fee too.

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Publishing In Open Access Journal

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The major advantage of publishing in open access journal is that author didn’t have to pay the accessing fees or charges. This will minimize the overall cost of publication process. Open accessibility is basically set of ideologies and practices which are blowout through research work productivity free of cost or other access approaches. Publishing in open access journal make the journal to refer easily and gone through these journals without the accessing fees.

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These accessing types are divided into the colour coding group; they are explained as below:

The first one is the gold open accessibility which makes the user to access the journals without any delay and without charges. After that there arrives the green open access which helps the author to access any resources. That system and resources is under the fully by author and monitored by the publications, they can self-archive the resources without paying the fees. The next type is the hybrid accessibility which is combination of the open and closed accessibility. This makes user to access the only individual article by paying the charges and one at a time. There are other types in publishing in open access journal that is the diamond, bronze, black open access, but these are not as much popular types. only the above mentioned are used mostly.

So, choosing of ideal journal that helps them in their publication in publishing open access journal. The following are given some points that should be noted before selection of journal:

  • Journal must clear all the fee structure with every procedure that need to be followed.
  • The journal must be open access and with that free accessible or hybrid accessibility present.
  • Journal must be legally authorized and has proof of legal procedure completed and potential also with high impact factor.
  • Journal must have peer reviewed facility for the evaluation.
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