2nd National Conference on Applications of Soft Computing Techniques in Engineering
23rd – 24th November 2023
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
Proceeding of the Conference
Designing & Development of a Mobile Charger Using PCB
Authors- Associate Prof. Dr. Miska Prasad, G. Umesh Chandra Yadav,D. Saikiran, B. Sravankumar Reddy
Abstract- -The printed circuit board is the platform upon which microelectronic components such as semiconductor chips and capacitors are mounted. It provides the electrical interconnections between components and is found in virtually all electronics products. PCB designing is important for all kinds of power converters especially for usage in industrial applications. The parameters impacting the design and robustness of PCB are strain inductance associated with the circuit. In order to make the PCB design reliable, reduction of strain inductance along with maintaining the simplicity, modularity, compactness and better cooling management is required. These parameters are key for designing PCBs with precision, performance, attainment of low power consumption and high-power converters at fast manufacturing speed.
Fault Analysis Using Over Current Relay in MATLAB Simulink
Authors- Assistant Prof. G. Rajitha, Shiva Chandanala, Nikhil Reddy Kurre, Shiva Simha Manupati
Abstract- – Power system is prone to faults, because of disoperation of the system or by the natural disasters. This may be caused by damage to the components of power system leading to great tasked for their subrogation and cutting the power supply to customers. Different kinds of fault may occur in these lines. The over-current protection relay is the most extensively used component to safeguard power systems from the detrimental effects of faults. Wrong settings (pick-up value) in over-current relay parameters can lead to false tripping or even bypassing fault conditions which can lead to a catastrophe. Therefore, it is important to validate the settings of power protection equipment and to confirm its performance when subject to different fault conditions. The major purpose of this project is to simulate the operation of over-current relay and circuit breaker under different fault conditions in MATLAB, To analysis and studies the different faults and also declares the impact on distribution line.
Design and Development of Rooftop Solar Powered Inverter for Home Appliances
Authors- Associate Prof. & HOD-EEE Dr. S. Mani Kuchibhatla, Ajay Pokuri,Nithin Maroju, Pawan Venkat Sai Bhukya
Abstract- – This paper begins with a comprehensive analysis of the requirements
and specifications of a typical household’s power consumption. It then explores various photovoltaic (PV) panel technologies and battery storage options to optimize the system’s performance and reliability. The proposed solar based inverter system incorporates several key components, including solar panel, charge controllers, batteries, and inverter circuit. The solar panel is strategically positioned to capture maximum sunlight, and the charge controller regulates the charging process to prevent overcharging and ensure battery longevity. A battery bank stores excess solar energy for use during cloudy days or at night. The inverter converts DC power from the batteries into AC power compatible with home appliances. This paper highlights the design and development of clean, simple and cost-effective solar powered inverter for home appliances. The inverter uses MOSFET IRF540 as a switching device to convert the 24v to 220v. This design will contribute to sustainable energy solutions, reduce electricity bills, and minimize the carbon footprint of households. The results of this development effort demonstrate the feasibility of implementing renewable energy
sources for everyday residential needs.
Buy for Baby – Get Your Kid’S need
Authors- Asst. Prof. Ms. Danwada Sharanya, Mr. Enjamuri Sagar, Ms. Pasarakonda Nikhitha, Mr. Srinadh Karne
Abstract- -E-commerce, or business-to-consumer trade, is the most well-known commercial application of the World Wide Web.. The primary objective of an e-commerce site is to sell products and services online. The aim of this project is to develop an e-commerce website particularly for infants till teenage group that provides a seamless and user-friendly on-line shopping experience. The e-commerce website will serve as a one-stop destination for customers to explore and purchase a wide range of products conveniently from the comfort of their homes. The platform will prioritize user experience by implementing an intuitive and visually appealing interface that ensures easy navigation and efficient browsing. Key features we have included in this platform are: User registration and Authentication, Product Catalogand Search, Shopping cart and checkout, reviews and ratings and Responsive design which can be worked in smart phones, tablets etc. In order to develop an e-commerce website, a number of Technologies mustbe studied and understood. These include multi-tiered architecture, server andclientside scripting techniques, implementation technologies such as HTML,CSS and JS, relational databases (Sanity.io).
Automated Segregation Of Physical Loads Using PLC
Authors- Associate Prof. Mr. M. Rajashekar, Aavula Deepthi, Alle Abhilash, Kondaparthy Vamshi
Abstract- -This paper presents an automatic load segregation using plc. Heavy loads are often transported and handled in various industrial applications, such as manufacturing, mining, construction, and logistics. However, different types of heavy loads may require different methods of processing, storage, or disposal. Therefore, it is important to segregate heavy loads according to their characteristics, such as size, shape, weight, material, or function. This proposes an automatic material segregation system using PLC (programmable logic controller) to achieve this task. The system consists of three main components: a sensor unit, a controller unit, a relay unit and a segregation unit. The segregation unit performs the output actions based on the commands from the controller unit and directs the heavy loads to the corresponding bins or conveyors using actuators, such as DC motors, relays, solenoids, etc. The system is designed and implemented using SELPRO Version 5.4.3 and we can also implement by using software’s like Allen Bradley PLC and GX Works3 software. The system is tested and evaluated using different types of heavy loads and shows satisfactory performance in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and reliability. The system can be applied to various industrial scenarios where heavy load segregation is needed.
Disaster Monitering and Management System for Dams PLC
Authors- Asst. Prof. Y. Smruthi, Kolloju Bramarambika, Matapally Saideepak, Shyamai Krishnaveni
Abstract- -Dams are of major importance, primarily because of their use for generating hydroelectricity and irrigation purposes. This has resulted in the construction of a number of dams in potential areas over the years. As there are a lot of risk factors associated with the existence of these dams, it has become the need of the hour to develop a proper monitoring and regarding the opening of the shutters thereby management system for maintaining a safe water level in dams. Mismanagement of dams can lead to manmade disasters. Currently dams in our state are being monitored and controlled manually. This manual intervention can increase the probability of error and also results in time lag in decision making. The aim of this project is to design and implement an IoT based Disaster Monitoring and Management System for Dams (IDMMSD). The proposed system involves real-time monitoring of water levels of a group of dams under study. Water levels may vary due to drastic changes in water levels of connected rivers or lakes, or due to excessive rain-fall in the catchment area. The proposed project includes a mechatronics system to open the shut-ters at the heights pre calculated. The system comprises of sensor nodes, smart controller and communication system. The proposed system is an app based IoT system which will monitor and send real time parameters related to Dam (gate position, water discharge, water level) and weather conditions (rain fall, temperature, humidity). There will be two modes for operating the software i.e. Autopilot mode and Manual data mode. The system also includes features like SMS alert to the people of the locality and SOS to rescue operations in case of adverse weather conditions.
Sequential Control of Industrial Loads Using PLC
Authors- Asst. Prof. Mr. Goutam Barma, Mahesh Vulche, Anil Ramavath, Sandeep Rathlavath
Abstract- –A PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER (PLC) is an industrial computer control system that continuously monitors the state of input devices and makes decisions based upon a custom program to control the state of output devices. PLC is commonly used in industrial applications all over the world. This project introduces the basic software components of a
PLC. The sequence control of industrial load is fully controlled by the SELPRO software, which acts as a heart of the system. This sequence of operation is designed by ladder logic diagram. In industrial sector PLC’s offers several advantages, hence it is widely used. The devices that usually controlled by PLC are push button, relays, motors, timers and other devices.
Energy Monitoring in Substation
Authors- Asst. Prof. Mr .B. Harikranth, K.Kiran Kumar Reddy, D. Rajashekar Reddy, P. Pradeep Reddy
Abstract- -In the rapidly evolving energy sectors, efficient monitoring and management are pivotal for ensuring the reliability and sustainability of power distribution system. The paper titled “Energy Monitoring in Substation Using MATLAB” focuses on the development and implementation of an advanced system to monitor and manage energy in electrical substations. MATLAB, with its powerful simulation capabilities, aids in the modeling, analysis, and visualization of energy flows and parameters within substation. This paper aims to capture real-time data on energy flow, consumption, and health of system. The collected data is processed and visualized through a user-friendly interface, enabling operators to make decisions, optimize energy distribution, and reduce losses. The “Energy Monitoring in Substations” paper stands as testament to the integra-tion of technology and smart design. Its implementation provides not only a more efficient and reliable substation operation but also a sustainable power grid.
Designing Generator Control Panel Wiring
Authors- Asst Prof. T. Bhaskar, P. Samatha, K. Divya Sree, K. Adi Manichander
Abstract- -The paper presents the design and practical implementation of an Electrical Computer Aided De-signing. ECAD is a software tool that is needed to create and modify the electrical schematic circuits. (Or) Electrical design is the process of planning and creating electrical equipment, such as electrical components, schematics, lighting equipment, layouts, power systems and telecommuni-cation infrastructure. By using ECAD we have designed the generator control panel wiring for a new building. The control panel contains circuit breakers, switches, fuses, etc. We have analyzed the load behavior of the generator for a building.
Design and Implementation of PV Inverters for Transient and Voltage Stability Enhancement
Authors- Maniraj Marka, Vinay Lambu, Haritha Konda, Saicharan Bobbili, Siri Kamma, Shyamala Doli
Abstract- -This paper presents on developing efficient inverter for solar based power system. Inverters place crucial role in electric grid system. By ensuring stable voltage and addressing transient events, such as sudden changes contributed to the over all stability and reliability of the power system. The hybrid system consists the solar PV systems with synchronous generator system and are fed to grid. The new proposes consist of SVPWM band technique to develop the gate signals for PV inverter. It leads improve the inverter performances. The PV inverts improves the transient stabil-ity of synchronous generator and that can be connected to grid and in the scheme makes the PV inverter’s dc link capacitor absorb some of the kinetic energy in this synchronous machine. It is able to improve voltage ability of grid system. This proposed technologies are validate in MATLAB-SIMULINK environment.
Renewable Sources fed Smart Grid
Authors- Suresh Kumar Annam, P. Odelu Yadav, Kashetti Akhila
Abstract- -The transition to a sustainable and environmentally responsible energy landscape has become imperative in the face of climate change and depleting fossil fuel reserves. As a result, the concept of a smart grid is emerged. Though the smart grid has many advantages ,it also possess some disadvantages like environmental impact, resource depletion and price volatility. Hence the renew-able energy sources based smart grid has gained significant attention in recent years. This abstract provides a concise overview of the design of a renewable energy sources-based smart grid system such as solar system and wind system into the existing electricity system. It enables efficiency in smart grid system which focus on enhancing grid resilience.
Smart Parking System Using Arduino
Authors- N. Anudeep Reddy, G. Srinath, M. Sai Harshit, M. Sai Nithin
Abstract- -This paper presents an uncomplicated intelligent vehicle parking system employing fundamental components such as Arduino Atmega328p (microcontroller), IR Sensors, Servo Motor, and LCD. Traditional parking management in places like malls and shopping areas typically involves human intervention, resulting in time-consuming processes. To address this issue, we have de-vised a streamlined vehicle parking system incorporating IR sensors strategically placed at parking spaces to identify the presence of parked vehicles. An LCD display board indicates the count of available and occupied parking spaces, providing a real-time status update for users. The proposed research methodology establishes and deploys an experimental setup designed to efficiently man-age traffic within parking areas while concurrently notifying drivers of available parking spaces. The pivotal role of the servomotor is to facilitate the entry and exit of vehicles in indoor spaces by controlling the opening and closing of entry or exit barriers based on data from IR sensors posi-tioned at entry gates, exit gates, and parking spots.
Sustainable Bricks Made of Plastic
Authors- Assistant Professor Ms. Nirmala Pushpa, S. Phaneendhra, B. Prem Kumar, K. Raghuveer, P. Bhagath, G. Ajay Kumar
Abstract- -The conventional brick manufacturing process has long posed challenges related to environmental sustainability and resource consumption. To address these concerns, this research presents a pioneering approach in brick production through the creation of composite bricks that incorporate a blend of plastic waste, foundry sand, rock dust, and clay. This innovative approach offers a promising solution for the construction industry to adopt eco-friendly alternatives to traditional bricks. This study investigates the composition of these composite bricks, with a focus on their structural properties, durability, and environmental impact. By recycling plastic waste and repur-posing materials such as foundry sand and rock dust, the research aims to reduce the pressure on natural resources and minimize the carbon footprint associated with brick production. Laboratory testing, including assessments of compressive strength and thermal resistance, demonstrates the suitability of these composite bricks for various construction applications. Additionally, a com-prehensive life cycle analysis reveals a substantial reduction in energy consumption .
In conclusion, the integration of plastic waste, foundry sand, rock dust, and clay into composite bricks presents an innovative avenue for sustainable construction materials. These composite bricks not only mitigate the environmental impact of the construction sector but also contribute to responsible waste management and resource conservation. The findings from this research advo-cate for the widespread adoption of these composite bricks as a viable and eco-conscious alterna-tive to traditional construction materials, paving the way for a more sustainable future.
The conventional brick manufacturing process has long posed challenges related to environmental sustainability and resource consumption. To address these concerns, this research presents a pioneering approach in brick production through the creation of composite bricks that incorporate a blend of plastic waste, foundry sand, rock dust, and clay. This innovative approach offers a promising solution for the construction industry to adopt eco-friendly alternatives to traditional bricks. This study investigates the composition of these composite bricks, with a focus on their structural properties, durability, and environmental impact. By recycling plastic waste and repur-posing materials such as foundry sand and rock dust, the research aims to reduce the pressure on natural resources and minimize the carbon footprint associated with brick production. Laboratory testing, including assessments of compressive strength and thermal resistance, demonstrates the suitability of these composite bricks for various construction applications. Additionally, a com-prehensive life cycle analysis reveals a substantial reduction in energy consumption .
Battery Energy Management Techniques for an
Electric Vehicle Traction System
Authors- Bingi Dinesh Kumar, Maloth Rohith Nayak, Chindam Manichand, Mahankali Uday Kiran, Ravanaveni Sidhartha, Punnam Adithya
Abstract- -This paper presents Battery Energy Management (BEM) techniques for Electric Vehicle (EVs) with an Indirect Field-Oriented (IFO) induction motor drive system. State Of Charge (SOC) and State of Health (SOH) are main parameters in battery management profile system. The main objective is to regulate the motor’s speed while minimizing lithium-ion battery SOC reduction and SOH degradation. The battery management technologies are developed with the concepts of cascaded fuzzy logic. Cascaded fuzzy logic controller, controls the battery SOC via current regu-lation. It improves the performance of the battery management system This proposed technologies are validate in MATLAB-SIMULINK environment
Design and Implementation Of IoT Based
Authors- Asst. Professor. G.V. Swathi, Chikkudu Rajesh, G. Sai Kumar, VelpulaSravani
Abstract- -The paper presents the design and practical implementation of an IoT Based Security System that leverages Arduino UNO, ESP32s, Fast2SMS API, and a buzzer. This system provides smart alarm/buzzer system with a buzzer and PIR sensor, SMS alerting technology with Fast2SMS API and a keypad authentication using a 4×4-keypad. Integrating all these technologies with IoT devices like Arduino UNO and ESP32s will makeup this system. The paper covers the system architecture, hardware setup, software components, testing, and real-world applications.
Simulink Model for Battery Management
System in Electric Vehicles
Authors- Asst. Prof, Ms. A. Sunantha, M. Sonalika, B. Suman Nayak, G. Sai Charan
Abstract- -With the advent of Electric vehicles (EV), high voltage battery packs have gained considerable significance. In an electric vehicle, the battery is the most important resource of power. Improper use of battery packs could be harmful In a battery management system, control and monitoring are key role in electric vehicle existence. Dedicated electronic circuitry known as a Battery Manage-ment System is often used to perform this function. In this paper, simulation is present as a tool for understanding BMS. Designers can use simulation to recognize and correct the errors. For validation of results, the simulation was carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK.