IJSRET Volume 8 Issue 1, Jan-Feb-2022


Analysis of students’ critical thinking skills using Data Mining approaches (Survey based research)
Authors:- Dr. M. Pushpalatha (Prof. And HOD), Raya Bandyopadhyay

Abstract- Our aim in this project, will be to identify Key Performance Indexes that can define a student’s level of comprehension after studying certain classes and how we can apply those Key Performance Indexes in classification or even use them to calculate the success rate of skills, in universities or even place specific students in areas where they can succeed. We can also analyse which data mining algorithm gives us the highest accuracy based on our data and, address some of the open problems we may encounter as we go along, based on existing research literature. Understanding the learner’s in-depth thinking process after a lesson or series of lessons, will give us more information about where the student is lacking or whether the skills are lacking, in the event that most students seem to lack a certain pattern. This shall enable more fluid methods for students and academics to be classified into a system, we can categorize them based on class performances or regular assignments, and find a system which shall give us an understanding about the grasp of a particular student in a certain subject and eventually, the group of students performing well in certain subjects can be placed in opportunities which shall enhance their skill sets and help them pick a customized career for them. The use of multi-phase analysis and cluster analysis is intended to be based on data on which Key Performance Indexes will be determined at the end. Based on these determining Key Performance Indexes, we can access important information and, if possible, present it on a working dashboard.

A Survey on Genetic Programming and its Applications
Authors:- Shivam Kumar, Asst. Prof. Dr. Charu Jain

Abstract- Genetic programming comes from the Genetic calculation that can consequently tackle issues without making the client know or indicate the structure or construction of the arrangement ahead of time. Genetic writing computer programs is a programmed space-free technique for taking care of issues. Beginning with many arbitrarily made PC programs, it applies the Neo-Darwinian guideline of regular choice, recombination (hybrid), transformation, quality duplication, quality erasure, and certain instruments of formative science. It consequently breeds a better populace over numerous ages. Genetic programming begins from an undeniable level assertion of an issue’s necessities and endeavors to create a PC program that takes care of the issue. Also, it looks very similar to Genetic calculations (Ga’s).

Structural Analysis of RCC Building Structure with Variations of Its Types by Using STAAD-PRO
Authors:- Research Scholar Prasun Bagdi, Asst. Prof. Dharmendra Kurmi

Abstract- The latest trend in high rise building is diagrid structures because of structural and architectural effectiveness. In the studyprevious literatures are studied for Flat-slab Building and detailed analysis is carried out to check the behaviour of flat-slab buildings withand without diagrid.It is very crucial that the chosen structural system is such that the structural components are used efficiently while meeting design criteria. Due to its structural effectiveness and flexible in architectural planning, recently diagrid structural system is implemented in tall buildings. In this research, comparison assessment and layout of 12-story structural system construction and simple frame construction are provided here. A regular floor plan of 18m x 18m size is considered. STAAD Pro software is used for modelling and analysis of structure. Analysis results like displacement, storey drift, storey shear is presented here. We compare two types of the RCC building structure with each other i.e. regular building structure with diagrid building structure so we optimize the deflections and maximum possible height of building in both designs.

Teachers’ Satisfaction Regarding Human Resource Management Practices in Kitwe District
Authors:- Edgar P.C Mwansa, Prof. Sumbye Kapena

Abstract- The study aimed to investigate the satisfaction of teachers regarding human resource management practices in terms of appraisal, planning, training and development and compensation practices. It was descriptive and a cross-sectional survey design was used to carry out this study with teachers working in Kitwe district on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. A proportionate stratified sampling technique was employed to select a sample of 100 teachers from the district. The results showed that the mean score of teachers regarding human resource management practices of appraisal was higher as compared to, compensation, planning and training practices. This indicated that the teachers in the district were more satisfied with appraisal practices. Furthermore, to find the difference in teachers’ satisfaction regarding human resource management practices based on their Gender, an Independent sample t-test was used. At t-value (0.891) and significance level at p≤0.05. A significant difference was observed in the scores of female and male teachers. Male teachers appeared to be more satisfied with human resource management practices in the district than female teachers. Lastly, the results showed that teachers’ appraisal, training and development, planning and compensation practices strongly correlated with their job satisfaction.

Stability of Grid With The Penetration of Solar PV Based Generation In Power Plant
Authors:- Manish Kumar, Mantu Kumar, Devbrat Kumar

Abstract- This is a well-known fact that the world is facing climatic risk from the emission of power generating plants. Thermal power plant is causing mercury pollution which is very dangerous to human health as it affects the neural system. In light of such ugly facts now all the developed countries are changing their focus on renewable source of energy for sustainable and emission free power. we are considerably High PV dispersion levels can occupy the steady state and the transient stability of the systems outstanding to their various description. that differ from conventional generation property. We are consider an important amount of conservative generation With high PV generation may be replaced with increase PV property. A much needed renewable source with zero emission has got sufficiently large possible of energy which can be harness by using a number of devices available.Synchronized manage of the included power system is fruitfully done with the THD mechanism within universal of parameters.

Review and Applications of Newton’s laws on day to day life
Authors:- RutujaTelange, Rupali Kharat, Arati Theng, Nida Khan, Dr. D. Y. Patil

Abstract- This study has been undertaken to summarize the reviews and applications of Newton’s laws of motion in day to day life. Also uses of the law in various activities is been explained.

Exoskeleton Arm for Rehabilitation and Activity Assistance
Authors:- Krishna Wankhade, Pranita Yadav, Utpala Dhamdhere, Varad Ghatake, Prof. Vikram Kulkarni

Abstract- Upper extremity disorder ( UED) is a major problem in society. A systematic review, published in 2006, reported a prevalence of upper limb disorders that ranged between 2% and 53% in different populations, with higher rates in students and working individuals, often a quite common complication after stroke affecting approximately 85% of survivors. Impaired upper extremity function limits the performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) and decreases social participation. Novel therapeutic techniques have been introduced to promote upper extremity function but due to lack of therapist professionals and assistive devices not everyone has access to these facilities, nor are these facilities accessible round the clock to help the user with their needs. As a result, there is a significant gap between required and available health services. The objective of this project is directed at developing a novel type of powered exoskeleton to facilitate easy movement of the arm of an upper limb mobility-disabled individual and enabling them to work at their own efficiency involving daily chores. The developed product will be designed to address some common recurring problems which are still unanssture control option for repeated exercises of rehabilitation, and the capability to aid in various activities of daily life.

Control Strategy of Diode Clamped 3 Level Inverter With PV System as Separate DC Source
Authors:- Mantu Kumar, Devbrat Kumar, Manish Kumar

Abstract- In the recent year, every day utility has been increased which causes the increase in power demand. In case of conventional power sources, they are using fossil fuels and other resources, which contribute to fly ashes, CO2 gas emissions, which cause global warming. These resources will be affected by the negative impact of the alternation of alternating shale. Recently India is facing coal shortage. To improve and reduce the dependency of the crisis of fossil fuels, researchers has come up with an interest in research to usage of non-conventional sources. In the last few decades non-conventional energy sources became a great alternative of conventional sources like fossils fuels, and researchers has focused on latest energy production alternatives like solar, wind, hydel and geothermal energy sources and continuously developing ecological environment for creating new sustainable natural resources.In fact, the power transmission system is the source of power supply in AC and all loads (appliances / machinery). Most of them need A.C power from source as an important source of their energy. The main requirement of energy is in form of AC, so we use Inverter as conversion instrument (DC to AC). Basic inverters are facilitated and limited up to 2- level only. Due to efficient and bulky requirement by industrial supply,2-level inverters are unable to full-fill the requirement. Due to the efficiency and such limitations of 2-level inverter, huge power inverter (multi-level) are used which are capable for providing high energy at high efficiency loads to and also repeal the limitations of basic 2-level inverter. Multilevel inverter uses n levels to provide effective and efficient power quality and power demands, very less losses at time of switching (since they uses electronic element), very high voltages stability, a wide voltage control range rather than conventional 2-level inverter. It also provide power at reduced harmonics. The main trump card of using multi-level inverters (MLI) is “it produces less harmonics disturbance and also reduces losses due to switching at time of operations”. Multi-level inverters are able to handle high power load in comparision to 2-level inverter with guaranteed no affect on the output of multi-level voltages. Multi-level topologies are available in wide range, but the well-knownand widely used are of following types: – 1. Cascade H-bridge Multi level Inverter (CHMI):- • It utilises series connections ofan N-bridges (multilevel) inverters. 2. Diode Clamped Multilevel inverter (DCMI):- • It uses an [2*{N-1}] semi-conductor switches for n-level inverter circuit. • It also uses a series connection of capacitor parallel to the dc bus which is clamped bythe diode. 3. Flying Capacitor Multilevel Inverter (FCMI):- • Capacitor is usedinstead of clamping Diode. NOTE:- Multi-level inverters uses many numbers of semi-conductor switches which is disadvantage of the multi-level inverters over 2 level inverter.

Designing of a Dual-Band MIMO Antenna for 5g Smart Phone Applications
Authors:- Harshit Kumar Shakya

Abstract- A dual band MIMO antenna is used for the 5G connectivity for smart phones. The antenna built is different from conventional 5G antenna. The antenna is perpendicular to the edge of the circuit board of the device it can be applied to the famous full screen cell phone. According to the simulation tests, the module’s reflection coefficient is less than 6 db, and the insulation is higher than 12 db over the 3300-3600 MHz and 4800-5000 MHz frequencies which satisfy the needs of future 5G applications. The design of printed slot antenna is available for low cost FR-4 material. The proposed antenna consist of four for smart phone antennas operating at two frequencies setups to access for lower frequencies upto 3300 to 3600 MHz and for higher frequencies access upto 4800 to 5000 MHz.Similarly we can use this antenna setup for gps and wimax we can replace it by this antenna. The design of antenna is quite peculiar as it is mounted normally through the base of the PCB making which is easier to be applied in smart phones for 5G communications. The dielectric material FR-4 with relative permittivity of 4.4 and loss tangent (d) 0.02 was used as a substrate material for the design of the antenna proposed. The thickness of the substrate material is 1.6mm which is used to construct the antenna due to lossy properties. The technique of microstrip line feeling with patch insertion was used to feed the power to the antenna with a suitable impedance match of 50.This means full power can be transferred. The MIMO dual- band antenna for smart phones with parameters shows different tested results for return loss, gain, and VSWR etc. The simulation tool test is CST 2021 microwave studio for simulations and study.

Assessment of Dust in Surface Mine at Different Working Conditions – A Case Study
Authors:- Bhawani Singh, Ram Prasad Choudhary

Abstract- Mining is viewed as one of the important economic activities which have the potential of contributing to the development of economies. At the same time, the environmental and health impacts of mining on surrounding communities have been a major concern to governments, the general public and stakeholder organizations and individuals. Whiles the contributions of mining activities to economic development of region is well acknowledged, others contend that the gains from the mining sector to the economy is achieved at significant environmental, health and social costs to the country. If the dust concentration at different location in and around the mining area can be measured, then the places with the potential of high concentration build-up can be identified and appropriate Protective measures can be taken. This thesis includes introduction to the dust generation in limestone mines, sources and effects of dust generation, also study of generated dust has been done on limestone mine over a time period to plot the variations in dust generation. Further, analysis of plot has been done to find the period of maximum dust generation and what preventive measures can be taken to minimize or avoid the dust generation in limestone mines. The present study was undertaken to identify Time-weighted average (TWA) respirable dust concentrations calculated for 8-hour work shifts.

Project Research on Thermoelectric Refrigeration System “Economical Solar Powered Refrigerator”
Authors:- Ashutosh Singh, Anush Kumar, Harsh, Prof. Dr. L.P. Singh

Abstract- Conventional refrigerators are being used since the 1900s. These refrigerators use several moving parts and use various gases such as CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons), which are quite harmful to the environment as well as these are costlier in price. This conventional kind of refrigerator can’t be used in places of the grid such as military and medical applications, due to possible lack of electricity. So there is a great need for a compact, eco-friendly cooling system. In the past few years, there are much development in the case of cheaper and eco-friendly refrigeration systems one of them being Thermo-electric coolers. Here, our work shows a compact, cheaper, eco-friendly, and nonconventional refrigeration system which will run on solar energy making it appropriate for off-grid applications.

Simulation Framework for the Prediction of Strategic Noise Monitoring and Occupational Noise Exposure at LRT3 Depot
Authors:- Mohd Fazizi B. Ishak

Abstract- Construction industry in Malaysia was found with severe occupational noise exposure problems due to improper noise management including control measure, noise monitoring and lack of reliable noise information at the workplace. However, producing reliable strategic noise mapping in a dynamic, complex working environment is challenging. To overcome the limitation, alternative method for estimating occupational and environmental noise exposure is required. This research applies to LRT3 Depot as a policy of work where persons are employed in any occupation at construction sector covered under Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514). This research proposes on strategic noise mapping in order to provide important information in the simulation framework of the noise exposure using Sound Level Meter (SLM-25) at construction site researchers have to developed area. The preliminary noise measurement will be carrying out in LRT3 project. Hence, to control and mitigate the environmental and occupational noise risk, this research is proposing of calculation of the workers’ and the environment noise exposure during the working hours. Based on the measured data, the individual noise level of each source will be identifying. Then, a probability-based model will be developed to predict the sound exposure level with typical factory schedules. Noise mapping using geometrical acoustical simulation will be utilized to calculate noise exposure levels for more extensive areas instead of a few specific locations. Three case studies will be conducted to obtain the noise exposure levels in another construction site to assess the framework developed. A framework will be proposed base on the result obtain to identify the workers’ and environment noise exposure levels and determine the noise risk zone in construction industry. This research provides manual and instruction to manage the generation of noise at construction site.

A Motor Controlling Improvement with Comparative Analysis of PI and ANN Controller
Authors:- Hariom Sahu, Asst. Prof. C. S. Sharma

Abstract- In this work, the sensorless speed control of a brushless direct current motor utilizing a neural network is presented. This control is done using a two-layer neural network that uses the backpropagation algorithm for training. The values provided by a Proportional, Integral (PI) control to this type of motor are used to train the network. From this PI control, the velocity values and their corresponding signal control (u) are recovered for different values of load pairs. Five different values of load pairs were used to consider the entire working range of the motor to be controlled. After carrying out the training, it was observed that the proposed network could hold constant load pairs, as well as variables. Several tests were carried out at the simulation level, which showed that control based on neural networks is robust. Finally, it is worth mentioning that this control strategy can be realized without the need for a speed sensor.

Artificial Intelligence: A New Trend in Drug Designing Against SARS Cov-2
Authors:- M. Pharm Scholar Ms. Vartika Lohani, M. Pharm Scholar Ms. Akanksha Chaturvedi, M. Pharm Scholar Ms. Swarnima Negi, Associate Prof. Dr. Sachdev Yadav

Abstract- The Covid-19 manifested its destructive effect all over the world leading to a huge loss to mankind. Therefore, the development of a vaccine against coronavirus was the only way to tackle this pandemic. SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of the Covid-19 pandemic, consists of around 30 different proteins (some of which are M, E, N, and S proteins) and it was difficult to determine all the structural proteins of the virus for the development of vaccine due to frequent changes in its variants. Conventional methods were not able to predict the target protein precisely in a short period. Therefore, SARS CoV-2 has transformed the outlook of research in pharmacy by encompassing Artificial Intelligence (AI) to predict the accurate structure of a protein. Researchers utilized different AI tools such as Alphafold2, CoVex, VirHostNet, etc. to predict the 3D structure of target protein and ligand affinity to design vaccines against the virus. Hike in the usage of AI techniques was observed after the pandemic since many pharmaceutical companies adapted AI to rapidly design vaccines against coronavirus within a short period and that too with high efficiency and optimal cost. Although AI approaches shorten the duration of drug development from 10-12 years to 1-2 years we need skilled data scientists to operate these tools because it is difficult to understand the algorithm for everybody. AI eases the drug designing process in many ways but researchers cannot completely rely on its results since it has its limitations.

Integrated Light Steel Structure Housing
Authors:- Aquib Shaikh, Asst. Prof. Lavina Talawale

Abstract- Housing is an important element in government’s broad social agenda. This element overlaps employment, health, education, crime and many other aspects of life. We can say housing is stable, when everyone has access to a minimum house, social cohesion promotes and people’s lives improve toward self-reliance. On the other hand, designing stable buildings is aimed to reduce its damage on environment, energy resources and nature that requires spending to build housing, however, due to high cost of housing, poor sectors of society cannot buy house, while government has to provide house for all sectors in society. Assuming that LSF structures promote stability, this study is aimed to structural search to build urban buildings, which is responsive to sustainable architecture and can be justified economically.

Analysis for the Beam-to-Column Minor Axis Connections of Steel Frames
Authors:- Atul Sharma, Asst. Prof. Lavina Talawale

Abstract- End plate connections are extensively used as moment resistant connections between members in steel frame.The popularity of this connection can be attributed to the simplicity of the connection detail and economy associated with their fabrication and erection. Flush end plate connection is less rigid and has a lower moment capacity than that of an extended end plate connection. If a rigid joint is aimed extended end plate connection should be used, whereas if a semi-rigid joint is needed flush end plate can be employed. The main objectives of this project were to carry out in-depth investigation of the behaviour of this type of connection by applying finite element technique and experimental means. A three dimensional finite element prediction model of the unstiffened flush end plate beam-to-column connection was developed. Six full scale tests were conducted and the results were analysed. Design of traditional steel frames many draw back occur like as higher deflection and bending.

Static Analysis on Integrated Building of Steel Structure with Wind Turbines
Authors:- Vivek Sharma, Asst. Prof. Lavina Talawale

Abstract- Global warming and increasing electricity consumption trends in many parts of the world pose a serious challenge to most countries from a climate change and energy security perspective. Wind power is the only one that offers a mature technique, as well as promising commercial prospects, and is now generally applied in large-scale electricity generation. Continued technological improvements will assist to boost the on-shore and off-shore wind farms’ ability by improving micro turbine, enhancing reliability with predictive maintenance models. At the same time, as global and regional markets for wind power technologies grow, economies of scale are being reaped in manufacturing. With increased market scale, opportunities to improve the efficiency of supply chains arise. Technological improvements and cost reductions have led wind energy to become one of the most competitive options for new generation capacity.

An Improvement Transmission Tower in Effective Load Bearing Capacity
Authors:- Ayaz Shaikh, Asst. Prof. Lavina Talawale

Abstract- In this research work design of transmission tower using STAAD PRO Software. Also analysis of steel structure load effect in this tower structure. Proposed design to apply maximum dead load, live load and wind load. In this situation observation of load bearing capacity in form of maximum movement force. These forces are minimum when higher bearing capacity. These research work allocation of absolute weight and bending parameters. In every developing country, the electric power consumption has rising highly, as the rate of growth of population is being very high in every country on account of the comparatively low base area. Bracings are interconnections between legs, to provide stability and to distribute load equally between legs and ground. There are a lot of requirements have to be discussed in the planning and design of transmission tower.

Review Paper on “Auto Clutch System in Automobile”
Authors:- Dr. A.C. Gangal, Anurag Bhogale, Swapnil Pol, Devvrat Mestry, Aditya Anavkar

Abstract- Our main focus in this project is to design a small auto-clutch for automobile system or for a car system.In this project we have to studied the automatic clutch mechanism in vehicles. The fabricationpart of it has been considered with almost case for its simplicity and economy, such that this can be accommodated as one of the essential tools on automobile garages. With automatic clutch system for car you can convert a manual car to semi-automatic at the touch of button. This automatically activates the clutch pedal movement in a completely controlled system. Then the car will be driven by using just the brake and accelerator.Features of using this type of system is changing gear without using your foot to operate the clutch and more fuel economical then an automatic.Auto-clutch comprises of two units first is elaborate electronic control and the second is electric motor.

Detection and Classification of Plant Diseases by Alexnet and Googlenet Deep Learning Architecture
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Sumit Sharma, Prof. Hemant Kumar

Abstract- In this work, we have a plant disease detection system with the help of imaging technology that automatically detects the symptoms displayed on the leaves and stems of the plant and grows healthy plants on the farm Suggests that it helps. The system monitors all changes observed in plants and characteristic features such as leaves and stems, automatically identifies the changes and notifies the user. This work provides an evaluation study of existing disease detection systems in plants. The latest development of the deep learning-based convolutional neural network (CNN) has vastly enhanced accuracy of image classification. Driven by CNN’s success in image classification, this Thesis based on the pre-trained deep learning-based method for detecting plant diseases. The contribution of this work has two aspects: The most advanced large-scale architecture, such as AlexNet and GoogleNet. AlexNet and GoogleNet Pre-Trained model proposed model was trained and tested on data sets collected from kaggel website. Training, testing and experimental results show that proposed architecture can realize and higher GoogleNet model getting is 99.10 %.accuracy as compare to other model.

Analysis of Spectrum Sensing Cognitive Radio Networks
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Hariom, HOD. Parshant Rana, Associate Prof. Dr. Sweety Nain

Abstract- The recent advances in wireless communication have led to the problem of growing spectrum scarcity. The problem of spectrum allocation is due to advance research in wireless communication. As new wireless applications are emerging, day after another, and making use of the available wireless spectrum for communication, the demand for spectrum increase makes the available spectrum scarcer. Mostly part of the spectrum is not utilized significantly in the wireless network. Cognitive Radio (CR) is a new technology that enables an unlicensed secondary user to coexist with licensed primary users in licensed spectrum bands without inducing interference to licensed primary users communication. This technology can significantly ease the spectrum redundancy problem & enhance the efficiency of utilization of spectrum. Cognitive Radio Networks (CRN) or Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks are formed by several CR nodes and they are often called NeXt Generation (XG) communication networks. This XG communication network is expected to give high transfer speed to versatile clients through heterogeneous remote designs and dynamic range access procedures. CRNs have drawn in incredible exploration interest in the new years. Nonetheless, research on the security parts of CRNs has been exceptionally restricted. As CRN is like a remote organization, the idea of the remote media is outside; it is more helpless against assaults when contrasted with that of a wired organization. This channel might be stuck/abuse due to remote media information is to be listened to..

Design & Analysis of Hybrid System using Fuzzy Controller
Authors:-M. Tech. Scholar Mandeep, Asst. Prof. Sunil Kumar Mahapatro,
Associate Prof. Dr. Parmod Sharma

Abstract- This paper presents a novel adaptive scheme for energy management in hybrid power systems. The proposed management system is designed to manage the power flow between the hybrid power system and energy storage elements in order to satisfy the load requirements based on fuzzy logic controllers. The advance fuzzy logic controller is developed to distribute the power among the hybrid system and to manage the charge and discharge current flow for performance optimization. The developed management system performance was assessed using a hybrid system comprised PV panels, wind turbine (WT), battery storage. The dynamic behavior of the proposed model is examined under different operating conditions. Real-time measured parameters are used as inputs for the developed system. The proposed model and its control strategy offer a proper tool for optimizing hybrid power system performance, such as that used in smart-house applications.

A Review on Medicinal Applications of Azadirachta Indica or Neem
Authors:- Asst. Prof. Dr. Pushpraj Singh, Dr. Pradip Narayan Dongre (Principal)

Abstract- Neem, commonly known as Azadirachta indica is an evergreen, temperature tolerant, flowering plant in the mahogany family Meliaceae native to India but now it distributed to other continents of the world. It is among medicinal plants those have a wide range of medicinal values. Almost every part of the tree is used as medicine both locally and after preparation in pharmaceutical industries. All parts of the neem tree- leaves, flowers, seeds, fruits, roots and bark are used for various preparations in Ayurveda. It is effective against microorganisms and ectoparacites including bacteria, fungi, viruses, ticks and mites. In addition it has antimalarial, anticancer, antifertility, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective and wound healing effects. It is also used in agriculture as pesticides and fertilizer to increase crop production. It is also a source of feed for animals which provides a number of nutrients like protein, minerals, fatty acids, vitamins etc. This paper focuses on the different medicinal applications of neem tree.

Analysis of Wind Power Generation Plant at Remote Area through HOMER Software
Authors:- PhD Scholar Ramesh Chander Bansal, Prof. Dr. Mohammad Mauzam

Abstract- This Paper presented on wind power generation plant at remote area for doing fulfillment of electricity uses in the remote area. For this purpose we used a wind turbine and some initial data for research through homer software for analysis of wind power generation in remote area. Based on so chosen individual RES type, either PV or wind, .system design suitable for agro/horticulture irrigation, domestic/street light and micro/tinny/cottage or small scale industry with sufficient backup and energy storage; the research model shall be designed, developed and simulated on HOMER for early detection of short comings for improvement. To confidence of visualizing a vast vision towards independent, non-diminishing, with zero emissions RES at a village, farm, industry, institution, or a city level. All can be managed through automation of micro grid protecting all connected nodes (RES sources). Each such category can fix up its own RES through a systematic approach and hook up to local micro grid with net metering concept.

Review on Power Transmission and Distribution Losses – A Modal Based on Available Empirical Data and Future Trends for all Countries Globally
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Sadre Alam, Prof. Lokesh Shukla

Abstract- In this paper an attempt is made to reduce the power losses in practical distribution system. Power System faces a big problem of distribution losses. In this paper technical, non technical and administrative losses are calculated of local city. Analysis of various types of distribution losses of radial distribution network is considered. More than 60% power loss due to technical and non technical loss etc. In this paper a new attempt of calculation of various distribution losses in power system and their economic effect on the utility are introduced..With the help of case study of radial distribution of local city, some new concepts are introduced to reduce the power losses and improve the voltage profile in practical distribution.

Survey Paper of Wireless Sensor Network
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Priya Singh, Asst. Prof. Neelesh Shrivtastav, Hod Pradeep Tripathi

Abstract- In recent years there is a quick advancement in the field of Wireless sensor network. This paper gives brief introduction of Wireless sensor associate with its applications in the field of condition, structure checking, keen home watching, Industrial application, prosperity, military, vehicle recognizable proof, blockage control and RFID tag. With movement in WSN, little and simplicity sensor centers end up available, which have limits of Wireless correspondence, recognizing diverse sorts of biological conditions and data getting ready. There are different sorts of coordinating traditions depending on application and framework designing. Guiding traditions give route in the framework and capable multi-skip correspondence. WSNs can be found in various applications like normal native and military by and large which get a handle on enemy interference area, challenge following, calm watching, living space checking, fire acknowledgment and cutting edge.

Review: Plant-Leaf Disease Detection using Deep Learning Techniques
Authors:- M. Tech. Research Scholar Deepika Soni, Asst. Prof. Neelesh Shrivtastav, HOD Pradeep Tripathi

Abstract- Agriculture is the major kind of income for a large section of people in India and the essential requirement of human life. Agriculture plays a vital part in many country’s growths. Because of diverse weather and local conditions, the yields become polluted by numerous sorts of illnesses. The majority of sickness may be observed on plant leaf in the first phase and eventually damage the whole plant might result in less crop production. Identification of sickness in plants is a crucial component to prevent the loss in the agricultural industry and enhancing the quality of agricultural goods. As there are innumerable plants on the fields, it is rather tough during natural eye observation to recognise the sickness and to identify particular plant breakdowns in agricultural settings. It is vital to check all crops to prevent the spread of infection in a large region. To ensure exceptional quality with high product production, it is vital to have accurate illness identification and control actions to avoid disease in the early stage. This recommended model will be AI-based software for the crop leaf infection detection to make it quick and easy diagnostic and subsequently evaluating this and generating foreseeable resolutions toward the avoidance of enormous crop cultivation loss. This method is targeted at boosting the profitability of crops in farming. In this model, we need to follow several procedures such, image data set collection, pre-preparation, feature selection from leaf image, assessment, and classification of illnesses.

A Review of Intrusion Detection System
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Jyoti Singh, Asst. Prof. Krishnakant Sharma

Abstract- In 21st century, because of easily available internet, virtually anybody can access it and access any network. To avoid any unauthorized access network security is one of the most important requirements in a system. Over the last years, many software solutions have been developed to enhance Network Security and this paper provides one such solution which has become prominent in the last decade: Intrusion Detection System (IDS). In this paper we have provide an overview of different types of Intrusion Detection Systems, the advantages and disadvantages of the same. Finally, the details of examples of Intrusion Detection System proposed by other authors have been elaborated. The examples are as follows. (1) Usefulness of DARPA Dataset for Intrusion Detection System Evaluation. (2) Performance Enhancement of Intrusion Detection System using Advance Sensor Fusion. (3) Analysis and Evaluation of Network Intrusion Detection Methods to Uncover Data Theft.

Review Paper on Attack on Under Water Mobile Ad-hoc Network
Authors:-M. Tech. Scholar Uma Singh, Prof. Krishnakant Sharma

Abstract- A Wireless networks, in compared to wired networks, are more susceptible to a variety of types of attack than wired networks. When a Wormhole tunnel is used to relay traffic from one site to another without using any cryptographic procedures that are negotiated over the network, it is referred to as the Wormhole Attack. Because of this, guarding against this attack is very challenging. In this paper, we look at the WSN concept as well as the Wormhole Attack. Following that, we’ll speak about how wormhole attacks are categorised, as well as a number of the efforts now ongoing to detect and prevent them.

Review of Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Covid-19 Diagnosis
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Amit Pandey, Associate Prof. Dr. Anshuj Jain

Abstract- For diagnosis of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a SARS-CoV-2 virus-specific reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) test is routinely used. The COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly propagated due to widespread person-to-person transmission. Laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 is performed with a virus-specific RT–PCR, but the test can take up to 2 days to complete. This study shows various techniques of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to findings with clinical symptoms, exposure history and laboratory testing to rapidly diagnose patients who are positive for COVID-19.

Basic Approach of Recombinant DNA Technology and its Applicability in Various Sectors
Authors:- Dr. NamrataMittra

Abstract- Recombinant DNA (r-DNA) technology or genetic engineering is offering new strategies and opportunities to combat severe health and environment issues. Recombinant DNA is constructed by inserting the DNA of interest with the help of the restriction enzymes and ligated into the vector by DNA ligases. Restricted DNA fragments and the vector are cut with the same restriction enzyme to make it compatible to each other which ligates them together by the DNA ligases. Depending upon the ends generated by the restriction enzymes either sticky or blunt ended fragments, DNA ligases act upon them accordingly. The vector replicates independently and swiftly once introduced into host cell. The vector is selected depending on the size of the DNA insert i.e. smaller to larger. The recombinant colonies or plaques are screened from the non-recombinants by blue-white screening or antibiotic resistance strategy. The rDNA technology is involved in the therapeutics of severe human diseases such as Hepatitis B, human growth hormone, insulin etc. The rDNA technology is not limited to therapeutics of human diseases but to the production of beneficial industrial products and insect resistant crops. It is moving towards to resolve environmental issues by degradation of the environmental pollutants which is major area of concern. To maintain a balance between the health and environment, the rDNA technology has step forward in resolving the severe issues related to it. The review explores the basic strategies involved in the rDNA technology and its effectiveness to the world in sustaining balance between human health and environment.

Review Paper on Fuel from Waste Plastic Using Pyrolysis Method
Authors:- Asst. Prof. Eknath Manjarekar, Mayuresh Shivapurkar, Swapnil Rane, Tejas Shirke, Adnan Shaikh

Abstract-Plastics have become in indispensable part in today’s world. Due to their light-weight durability, energy efficiency, coupled with a faster rate of production and design flexibility, these plastics are employed in entire gamut of industrial and domestic areas. Plastic are non-degradable polymers of mostly containing carbon, hydrogen and few others elements such as chlorine, nitrogen etc.…Due to its non-biodegradable nature. The plastic waste contributes significantly to the problem of municipal waste management. Plastic are natural / synthetic materials. They are produced by chemically modifying natural substances or are synthesized from inorganic and organic raw material. On the basis of their physical characteristics, plastics are usually divided into thermosets, elastomers and thermoplastics. These groups differ primarily with regard to molecular structure, which is what determines their differing thermal behavior. The following table lists the characteristics of the various types of plastics. So here we will convert waste plastic into diesel, plastics are shredded and then heated in an oxygen-free chamber (known as pyrolysis) to about 400 degrees Celsius. As the plastics boil, gas is separated out and often reused to fuel the machine itself. The fuel is then distilled and filtered. Because the entire process takes place inside a vacuum and the plastic is melted – not burned, minimal to no resultant toxins are released into the air, as all the gases and or sludge are reused to fuel the machine.

Review on Ultra Capacitor- Battery Interface for PV Systems Using MPPT Controller
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Altamash Adil, Asst. Prof. Bhanu Pratap Singh

Abstract- Electrical energy storage is an important part of any electric-drive technology, whether it’s hybrid, fuel cell, or all-electric. The high cost of replacing battery banks that have run out is a big cost with energy storage. One way to lessen the load on batteries and fuel cells is to use ultracapacitors as load-leveling devices. Here, we look at the technology and challenges of the ultracapacitor-Battery interface for an energy management system. We also look at the related research work.

Review of Motor-Generator Pair System for Renewable Energy Systems
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Aishwarya Pandey, Asst. Prof. Bhanu Pratap Singh

Abstract-Based on power balance and stability of power grid, pumped storage power station plays an important role in modern power system. Motor-generator is the main equipment of a pumped storage power station. The fault rate and operation reliability of motor-generator is directly related to safe and stable operation of the power station and even the power grid. This paper summaries different types of faults with several examples of fault treatment of large-scale motor-generators, and puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions, which provides a good reference for similar fault prevention and diagnosis.

Digital Watermarking Techniques: A Review
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Mansi Pathak, Asst. Prof. Narendra Pal Singh

Abstract-Digital image watermarking is the technology that is used in information security applications like digital image content protection and copyright protection. In this paper, a brief review of literature on digital image watermarking is presented. Watermarking algorithms can be classified based on different criterions. Depending upon the specific application, watermarking algorithm should satisfy certain requirements .This paper presents a review on different digital watermarking techniques and their properties. The main reason for development of digital watermarking research is to protect intellectual properties of the digital world. Since the recent technology makes it easy copying the digital contents without any restrictions and editing without any prohibitive professional efforts. In the absence of protecting techniques, it difficult to rely on digital storage & communication systems for secure medical, business, and military applications.

A Review Study on Pantograph Mechanism Using Ansys
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Narandra Moray, Associate Prof. Dr. Ram Gopal Verma

Abstract- The four-bar mechanism is crucial in the study of machine theory. The pantograph is an example of a four-bar device. In most cases, it’s only the parallelogram that’s utilized to duplicate the profile. A pantograph is a basic but effective instrument for expanding the realm of art and craft. With a pantograph, we may replicate pictures to a smaller or larger size depending on how the pieces are measured and constructed. The pantograph seen in the drawing would duplicate the original. We “create, develop, and study the portable pantograph for engraving letters on wood” in this subject. Our pantograph is compact and easy to transport. The major task of this pantograph is also copying with the various scales of the characters. When compared to a traditional pantograph, this machine is less expensive. It may be an ancient mechanism, but it still has a lot of potential. It has a wide range of applications nowadays.

A Review on Moving Target Detection based on Edge Extraction
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Nikhil Soni, Prof. Mahesh Prasad Parsai

Abstract- Detecting and tracking moving objects in a sequence of video images is an important application in the field of computer vision. This topic has many applications in surveillance systems, human-computer interaction, robotics, etcThe main features can be extracted from the edges of an image which significantly reduce the amount of data to be processed while preserving the important structural properties of an image In this thesis which is based on the experimental result shows a new viewpoint to image processing from video footage using edge detection and morphological image processing. We have introduced a new idea of receiving processed image for detecting an inflamed with the help of canny edge detection will be more efficient. Our conclusion has shown an excellent in term of Accuracy percentage, Accuracy 97.618 %, Sensitivity specificity time in sec, Walking Speed in sec.

A Review on Designing of Power and Delay Efficient 10T and 14T SRAM Cell
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Sanjay Mongiya, Prof. Pratha Mishra, Prof. Sandip Nemade, Dr. Vikas Gupta

Abstract- In the last decade, with the advent of smart phones, almost all signal processing devices are becoming the part of a single hardware. From simple calculator to complex image processing, our smart phone contains hundreds of applications which were the part of separate device in the past. This tremendous load of signal processing (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, numerical integration, convolution, and filtration) eventually loads on the basic computational unit, the full adder. The complex algorithms of today’s’ mobile applications demand support of very high speed and low power hardware It is necessary to ensure any leakages which cause the read sensing failure and degraded cell stability due to the half-select write. For avoid this situation proposes an equalized bit line scheme to eliminate the leakage dependence on data pattern and thus improves RBL sensing. Also this process a fast local write-back (WB) technique to implement a half-select-free write operation. With hierarchical bit line architecture, it facilitates a local read and a subsequent fast WB action to secure the original data without performance degradation.In the literature survey Non-destructive column-selection-enabled 10T and 14T SRAM for aggressive power reduction, power and delay is presented in brief.

Failure Mode and Effect Analysis
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Deepanshu Chouhan, Prof. Vipul Upadhayay

Abstract- Quality management is a way to get better effects. Due to the great competition on world market amongst production companies there appeared a need for effective ways of improvement of the quality level of products. For many years different methods were tried to change the quality e.g. through economical instruments, however it turned out that there had been no significant relationship between the quality and the financial result. FMEA is an inductive reasoning (forward logic) single point of failure analysis and is a core task in reliability engineering, safety engineering and quality engineering. A successful FMEA activity helps identify potential failure modes based on experience with similar products and processes—or based on common physics of failure logic. It is widely used in development and manufacturing industries in various phases of the product life cycle. Effects analysis refers to studying the consequences of those failures on different system levels.

Strength Analysis of Concrete by Using Aerated Concrete Material
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Abdul Khaliq, Asst. Prof. Anuj Verma

Abstract- The use of AAC blocks may cut building costs by up to 25%. Because autoclave aerated concrete is lighter than traditional brick, we believe that by using this advantage, we may lower the weight of infill walls on beams, columns, and footings by replacing conventional bricks with AAC blocks while also saving reinforced steel. Because of its light weight and great deformability (low Young modulus in compression), this material tends to lessen inertia forces on the building caused by seismic activity. The masonry compressive strength of AAC, on the other hand, is very low when compared to other conventional masonry types, despite its highly restricted variability. The production method and seismic performance of autoclaved aerated concrete blocks are the subjects of this researchThe purpose of this experimental project is to develop non-autoclave concrete blocks that may be utilized in a range of applications while retaining their compressive strength and other properties. In non-autoclave aerated concrete blocks, materials such as fly ash, cement, lime, gypsum, and aluminium powder as an expansion agent are used. In this study, we examine the compressive strength of non-autoclave concrete cubes that measure 70.6 mm in size and are also 70.6 mm in height. The compressive strength of blocks was determined by varying the amounts of Aluminum powder at 0%, 0.04%, 0.08%, 0.12% and 0.16%.used in the blocks while maintaining all other parameters constant. The results of this experiment demonstrated that when the density of the blocks drops because of an increase in the concentration of aluminium powder in the blocks, the compressive strength of the blocks decreases.

A Review on AI based Virtual Assistants
Authors:- Farheena Tabassum, HOD. Ms. Mona Mulchandani, Asst. Prof. Ms. Parul Bhanarkar

Abstract- Consumers and professionals are becoming highly engaged in smart assistants and virtual assistants due to recent advancements. Voice assistants provide a wide range of services with new and effective user interfaces. However, such technologies disclose new requirements as well as some flaws. Furthermore, they do not provide automation jobs such as WhatsApp automation, YouTube automation and many more services like translator, Wikipedia search, information about corona cases etc. To address these difficulties, we present a virtual assistant architecture for laptop that incorporates some of the most modern techniques in automation, speech production and recognition, and artificial intelligence. The proposed assistant is efficient and effective in terms of resources, as well as interactive and configurable, and the completed prototype runs on a laptop.

Bidirectional Grid-Connected Single-Stage Converter with Unfolding Circuit
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Anil, Prof. Manish Kethoriya

Abstract- This Paper presents optimize energy extraction in photovoltaic (PV) energy systems. The maximum power of the photovoltaic module will change due to changes in temperature, solar radiation and load. To maximize efficiency, the photovoltaic system uses a maximum power point tracker (MPPT) to continuously extract the most power that the solar panel can generate and then pass it on to the load. The overall structure of the MPPT system consists of a DC-DC converter (an electronic device that converts DC energy from one voltage level to another) and a controller. During changes in weather conditions, MPPT uses a tracking algorithm to find and maintain operation at the point of maximum power. Many different algorithms for MPPT have been proposed and discussed in the literature, but most of these methods have disadvantages in terms of efficiency, precision, and flexibility. Due to the non-linear behavior of the current voltage characteristics of the PV module and the non-linearity of the DC-DC converter due to switching, conventional controllers cannot provide an optimal response, especially when dealing with a wide range of shifting line parameters and transients. The purpose of this work is to design and implement a maximum power point tracker using fuzzy logic control algorithms. Fuzzy logic naturally provides an excellent controller for such nonlinear applications. This method also benefits from artificial intelligence methods that can overcome the complexity of modeling nonlinear systems. To make this work a success, Simulink designed and simulated an MPPT system consisting of photovoltaic modules, DC-DC converters, batteries, and fuzzy logic controllers. Perform the characterization of the buck, boost and buck-boost converter to find the most suitable topology for the PV system used. The integrated model of the PV module with the identified converter and battery was simulated in MATLAB to gain the necessary experience to formulate and adjust the fuzzy logic controller. The simulation results show that fuzzy logic.

Review Paper on Automatic Car Parking Brake System Using Hydraulic Brake Circuit in Any Four Wheeler
Authors:- . E.Manjaerkar, Siddhesh Belnekar, Parag Dicholkar, Aniket Gaonkar, Nishant Gaonkar

Abstract- A parking brake is an important tool in any automotive parking system. The parking brake system is designed toused the basic hydraulic system or circuit present in the four wheeler itself. The mechanical hand brake system is quite difficult for the driver to use. However the present designed circuit operates on an additional use of a small ‘ON-OFF’ switch to apply parking brake to the vehicle or refuse the parking brake. It comprises of hydraulic master cylinder, high pressure parking, wheel cylinder, disc brake, solenoid valve and ‘ON-OFF’ switch.

Image Security of Water Marking Digital Image Based on based on SVD and DWT with Haar Transform
Authors:- . M. Tech. Scholar Manish Kumar, Asst. Prof. Shivraj Singh

Abstract- This paper proposed a novel watermarking based on SVD and DWT with Haar transform, the embedding; the lowest frequency components of the source image which were transformed into DWT were divided into sub-blocks in order to improve capacity. of watermarking. Then the watermark is embedded in the singular values of sub-blocks. Hence in this proposed method, depending on the embedding stage and extraction stag that presented in but our scheme embeds the logo bits inside the low frequency domain because DWT gives optimal results with LL domain, while used middle frequency domain with DCT. Our improvement by using an image encryption using the encoding along with the image watermarking hence this provide more accuracy in the security and also less in data loss, when compared with the other methodologies. This method also focused on the objective of improving the quality after embedding stage and the recovered watermark after extraction stage. After experiments, it was found that our proposed method provides security and high performance with low computational complexity and good objective quality. Our scheme evaluate the performance for the watermarked image after embedding stage by using Peak signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), while the recovered watermark evaluated by some types of the performance metrics such as Mean Square Error (MSE).

Wastewater Reuse and Recycling in the Textile Industry
Authors:- . M. Tech. Scholar Manish Kumar, Asst. Prof. Shivraj Singh

Abstract- The textile industry is one of the most significant and rapidly growing sectors of the economy. Textile effluent has a variety of properties due to the usage of a variety of chemicals. Chemicals used in textile manufacturing Textile effluent have a high pH due to the usage of various alkaline chemicals. Chemicals used in textile manufacturing pH, TDS, TSS, and colour may all be removed using a variety of ways ion exchange, coagulation and flocculation, biological decolorization, and adsorption from textile effluent etc. (Khatmode, 2015) In this review paper various methods are explained also reuse of the recycled effluents are also explained.

A Review Article of a Solar Power Generation and Fault Effect Analysis in Matlab
Authors:- Prof. E.L.Manjarekar, Faizan Girkar, Prakash More,Hanish Parab, Siddharth Parab

Abstract- The Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube has been used for many decades in various engineering applications. Because of its compact design and little maintenance requirements, it is very popular in heating and cooling processes. Despite its simple geometry, the mechanism that produces the temperature separation inside the tube is fairly complicated. A number of observations and theories have been explored by different investigators concerning this phenomenon. This report goes over some of the major conclusions found from experimental and numerical studies since the vortex tube’s invention. One of these studies showed that acoustic streaming caused by vortex whistle plays a large part in the Ranque-Hilsch effect.

A Review Article of a Solar Power Generation and Fault Effect Analysis in Matlab
Authors:- Prof. E.L.Manjarekar, Faizan Girkar, Prakash More,Hanish Parab, Siddharth Parab

Abstract- The Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube has been used for many decades in various engineering applications. Because of its compact design and little maintenance requirements, it is very popular in heating and cooling processes. Despite its simple geometry, the mechanism that produces the temperature separation inside the tube is fairly complicated. A number of observations and theories have been explored by different investigators concerning this phenomenon. This report goes over some of the major conclusions found from experimental and numerical studies since the vortex tube’s invention. One of these studies showed that acoustic streaming caused by vortex whistle plays a large part in the Ranque-Hilsch effect.

A Review Article of a Solar Power Generation and Fault Effect Analysis in Matlab
Authors:-Kiran Pure, Asst. Prof. Deepak Bhataniya

Abstract- In the recent years the detection as well as the identification of various faults in the Photovoltaic (PV) system applications has been attracting several researchers across world. Photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems are very good in working with several climatic outdoor conditions, Hence the present faults can see to occur within the PV arrays in PV systems. Online fault detection for the PV arrays is important to improve the system’s reliability, safety and efficiency. There are some researches shows the working of the potential faults in order to monitor the faults as well as to make identifications through fault diagnosis that have been elaborated in order to develop and to modify the present problems solving method so to detect early faults in Photovoltaic (PV) system present in the system operators. In this paper author tries to put information precisely taken forward from previous research. The author also explains about the latest trends applied in the PV system fault diagnosis as well as protection system. In this paper a new approach towards literature has been introduced associated with the fault studies present in the PV systems. In this survey paper author has explained about further discussions over how specific solutions can be provided to make a comprehensive solution to the fault problems of the PV system.This paper presents the classification and detection of faults in a distributed generation, particularly Photovoltaic (PV) Grid-Connected system. The initial step in fault detection of PV system is recognition, investigation and classification of all possible faults that maybe occur in the system.

Analysis of Helical Compression Spring Used in Two Wheeler Suspension System
Authors:-Asst. Prof. Hejib Amit Gulabrao

Abstract- The helical compression spring used in two wheelers is belonging to the medium segment of the Indian automotive market. The detailed assessment of the problem of two wheeler suspension spring is studied. Most of time springs were failed due to raw material defects, surface imperfection, improper heat treatment, corrosion and decarburization and high weight of suspension. These problems can be solved by applied thick layer of paint as adhesive, proper heat treatment, change in shape and material of helical compression spring. In this work, the spring rate can be increased by change in structure i.e. change in number of active coils of spring. The static stress analysis using finite element method will be validating by experimental validation.

A Review Article of Control and Performance Evolution of Fopid Based Single Stage Grid Connected PV System
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Srishti Dehariya, Prof. Dr. Anil Kumar Kori

Abstract- Traditional power systems are designed in large half to utilize large base load power plants, with restricted ability to speedily ramp output or prune output below an exact level. The increase in demand variability created by intermittent sources like photovoltaic (PV) presents new challenges to increase system flexibility. This paper aims to analysis and emphasize the importance of the grid-connected PV system regarding the intermittent nature of renewable generation, and thus the characterization of PV generation with relevancy grid code compliance. The investigation was conducted to critically review the literature on expected potential problems associated with high penetration levels and islanding bar methods of grid tied PV. In line with the survey, PV grid affiliation inverters have fairly good performance.

Inventory Management System
Authors:- Shamita Deshmukh, Asst. Prof. Sana Tak

Abstract- Inventory management system is a system used to maintain the status of the inventory stocks. We can use it to create a new purchase order which is a requisition for the materials or goods. Using inventory management systems we can edit, manage, approve, and delete purchase orders. This system is crucial for the efficient management of a company or organization’s inventory and saves a lot of time. This project is an application based on a local server which can be accessed by multiple users. It utilizes properties such as CRUD operations and ACID properties, ABC analysis, and Just in Time. It also comes under the domain of Enterprise Resource Planning systems which is a software to manage day to day functions.

Analysis of Climate Changes and Slope Instability Factors Triggered by Natural Rainfall
Authors:- Associate Prof. Dr C P Ramesh, Assistant Prof. B S Girish

Abstract- Rainfall-triggered slope instability is generic in tropical regional countries, i.e everywhere soil on the hillside is usually unsaturated, having greater resistance than the saturated state due to the suction of the matrix. This paper aims to check the pore pressure (PWP), slant rain infiltration and equivalent consequence of slope stability in various sections of India. By raining on the sloped surface of the region, SEEP/W parameter is considered, where, boundary condition flux and transient seepage analysis are to be performed to check slope stability. For the Slope stability analysis, we checked with various slopes and extreme rain intensity for a period 2015 – 2025, where the rain analysis is carried out with a week date and time. From the analysis, the paper is concluded that, due to change in climatic issues, slopes in the regions are quite stable but rain fall prediction is failed under weather forecasting, so the factor of safety is 1.0013 in the period of the range 2015-2050, similarly the value of FOS is 0.9935 and 0.9989 is respectively, for the period 2051-2075 and 2076-2100.

A Review on Performance Optimization of Absorption Refrigeration Systems Using Box-Behnken Design and Central Composite Design
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Ranjana Kushwaha, Prof. Dr. Nitin Tenguria

Abstract- The decrease of fossil fuels such as natural gas, coal, oil and the increase of the negative impact of these fuels increase the need for renewable energy sources day by day. Therefore, in the last few years, the use of absorption refrigeration systems (ARSs) instead of vapor compression refrigeration systems is currently gaining momentum.The most important advantages of ARSs are as follows: They do not destroy the ozone layer depending on the working fluid pairs used in the system and can benefit from various renewable energy sources (i.e., geothermal energy or solar energy).

Review Study of Thermal Impact on Poppet Valve of I.C. Engine
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Aman Kumar, Asst. Prof. Dr. Ram Gopal Verma

Abstract- A poppet valve is a kind of valve that is used to regulate the flow of fuel into and out of internal combustion engines. The valve mechanism is in charge of controlling the operation of these devices. Thermal stresses arise in these valves when they are subjected to high temperatures, making thermal assessment critical for predicting and avoiding valve failures. The major role of the valve train is to ensure that the gases flow in the opposite direction at all engine speeds. The valve tools mechanism of an I.C. Engine is comprised of the components that control the timing of the intake and exhaust valves in relation to the location of the piston and crankshaft, as well as other components. During high-intensity walking settings, the thermochemical conductivity of various different valves will be investigated in order to evaluate their overall performance and balance, as well as discover any potential compromising flaws.

A Review Article Of High Voltage Power Distribution & Power Stability Enhancement Using Svc Controller
Authors:- Student Me (Hvps) Preeti Gawande, Asst. Prof.Sudeep Kumar Mohaney

Abstract- Since the beginning of the last century, power system stability has been recognized as a vital problem in securing system operation. Power system instability has caused many major blackouts. This paper reviewed the previous technical works consisting of various methods of optimization in controlling power system stability. The techniques presented were compared to optimize the control variables for optimization of power system stability. Power system stability enhancement has been investigated widely in literature using different ways. This paper is focusing on SVC performance for enhancing power system stability either through SVC controlled itself or SVC controlled externally by other controllers. Static VAR compensators (SVCs) are used primarily in power system for voltage control as either an end in itself or a means of achieving other objectives, such as system stabilization.The analysis on performance of the previous work such as advantages and findings of a robust method approach in each technique was included in this paper.

Wastewater Reuse and Recycling in the Textile Industry
Authors:- Soundarya T. Patil, Anuja M. Mourya, Prithvi A. Chavan, Shrutika K. Lipare, Pratiksha C. Nirmale, Prof.(Dr.) M. B. Chougule

Abstract- The textile industry is one of the most significant and rapidly growing sectors of the economy. Textile effluent has a variety of properties due to the usage of a variety of chemicals. Chemicals used in textile manufacturing Textile effluent have a high pH due to the usage of various alkaline chemicals. Chemicals used in textile manufacturing pH, TDS, TSS, and colour may all be removed using a variety of ways ion exchange, coagulation and flocculation, biological decolorization, and adsorption from textile effluent etc. (Khatmode, 2015) In this review paper various methods are explained also reuse of the recycled effluents are also explained.

Survey on Music Player by Detecting Facial Emotions
Authors:- Hrishikesh Ravindra Vite, Shivani Raju Bhople, Heet Sureshbhai Hadiya, Mohammed Saqlain Patel

Abstract- Facial recognition has been recognized as an active research subject in the Computer Vision community. The job is to compile a frame for finding a facial expression that can examine a person’s important external appearance. The proposed strategy uses person faces to distinguish that person’s attitude and ultimately used the effect to play music that matched one’s emotions. Initially, the framework accepts a person’s face as information and then an additional cycle will continue. A face scan is performed. Then a feature removal approachis used to identify the person’s face. This process helps to identify a person’s emotions using face image features. By removing part of the lips, mouth, eyes, and eyebrows, those concentrated substances are obtained. If the face information will accurately align the surface of the sensory base database then we can see the direct human emotion of playing the emotion-related audio record. Consent under a variety of natural conditions can be made by preparing a predetermined number of facial features. The proposed method is basic, effective and accurate.

A Review of Paver Block with Fly Ash Addition
Authors:- M. Tech. Scholar Sachin, Asst. Prof. Anuj Verma

Abstract- Concrete paver blocks are made with concrete basically consisting of cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates , water, etc. Overall performance of concrete paver blocks used is mainly governed by properties of materials, water cement ratio, mixing process and curing process. To suit the imagination of landscape architectures and natures, pavers are having various shapes, sizes and colours. They are placed in variety of pattern. Natural resources are depleting worldwide, at the same time the generated wastes from the industry, agriculture and residential area are increasing significantly. The sustainable development for construction involves the use of Non-conventional and innovative materials. The recycling of waste materials just like plastic, fly ash and rice husk ash in order to compensate the lack of natural resources and to find alternative ways conserving the environment.

Strength Analysis of Concrete Using Marble Waste and Coconut Waste
Authors:- Shivendra Awasthi, Asst. Prof. Mr. Anuj Verma

Abstract- In building, concrete is used to cover the reinforcing elements of an element. They are manufactured from inert mineral material, cement content, water, and admixtures, among other ingredients. As a result, the purpose of this inquiry is to identify those component elements that may partly replace the ingredient of concrete. As a result, we recycle waste materials from our business, such as marble dust and coconut coir. Additionally, the strength of concrete may be determined by partly replacing cement with marble dust and adding coconut coir in various percentages with varied variations of percentages.

Modeling and Simulation of 3D Scaffold for Bone Tissue Regeneration
Authors:- Geetha Bala Subramani, Asst. Prof. Vijayalakshmi V, Nithyasree B, KiruthikaV

Abstract- The major problem in the use of scaffold for bone tissue engineering is the requirement of porous structure along with the regeneration properties. Identification of material with suitable biological and mechanical properties is a major challenge in the field of bone tissue engineering. In this study, Poly-lactic acid (PLA) and Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (PETG) were used as material for the designing of 3D scaffold for bone tissue regeneration. 3D scaffold designs were modeled by using PLA and PETG materials with different shapes using rhino software. The mechanical properties of designed 3D scaffold models were simulated and analyzed by using Ansys software. Based on the simulation, the suitable designs of both PLA and PETG materials were selected. The selected 3D scaffold designs were fabricated using fused deposition modeling (FDM) technique. The fabricated 3D scaffold designs were analyzed based on its porosity; the suitable material was identified as PLA while compare with PETG. Therefore, it was concluded that PLA will be the suitable material rather than PETG for the application of bone scaffold.

A Review Article of Load Balancing in Higher Voltage Power Distribution
Authors:- Student ME (HVPS) Jitendra Kaushal, Asst. Prof. Sudeep Kumar Mohaney

Abstract- Power quality studies for distribution networks are very important for future network expansions realized by utility companies, so the accuracy of such studies is critical. Load data, including information on load imbalance, could have in many situations a significant influence on the correct estimation of many power quality indicators. This paper investigates the impact of load imbalance on several phase imbalance indicators and voltage quality indicators by comparing the values of these indicators, as calculated in a power quality study using, sequentially, different sets of load data characterized by different load imbalances.

Webvibe: A Secure Webchat Application
Authors:- Prof. Amrita. A. Shirode, Riya Demapure, Atharva Katurde, Mohit Dhande, Awantika Jadhav

Abstract- Instant messaging is a set of communication technologies used for text-based communication between two (private messaging) or more (chatroom) participants over the Internet or other types of networks, byproviding an alternative to telephone and email conversations. The number of users using Messenger products like WhatsApp, Telegram has been increasing over recent years. Messenger services allow effective and efficient communication, allowing immediate receipt of replies. People of all ages log into messenger services to spend time chatting with known and unknown persons. Similarly, our project aims to develop a client-server java chat application with security in mind. The use of Encryption and decryption algorithms forms part of this project whereby messages exchanged between client and server are encrypted and decrypted with asymmetric private keys.The project overview that shows the structure of the project design is depicted in the introduction part of this document.

A Review of the Ranque – Hilsch Vortex Tube and Counter flow Tube
Authors:- Praduman Kumar Yadav, Prof. Dr. Anil Kumar

Abstract- As a working fluid, compressed air or gas could be used in the Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube to make cold and hot air or gas streams at the same time. This is because there are no moving parts in the device. How much energy and flow separation happens in a vortex tube is very dependent on things like the shape and number of nozzles, the diameter and length of it, the inlet pressure, the control valve, the diaphragm hole size, and the amount of cold mass that’s in the flow at the start. In a vortex tube, there is a lot of energy separation and flow patterns that haven’t been explained well by any researcher. A computational study of vortex tube flow and energy separation will help us learn more about the physics and mechanisms involved. Many scientists used computational fluid dynamics to look at the vortex and get a better idea of how the flow separates.

Comparison of Performance of Natural and Chemical Coagulant and Blend of these Coagulant`
Authors:- Swaraj Bharti, Asst. Prof. Dr. Shailza Verma

Abstract- Natural coagulants have shown their coagulation efficiency as reported in a substantial number of research papers. But still the use and widespread application of natural coagulants in the water industry for water treatment is low. Because the lack of knowledge and availability of time. Health problems caused by chemical coagulant have been in news for several time; various reports have mentioned the direct and indirect toxic effects of metal in the form of tumours, Alzheimer and allergies and mouth burning by the use of alum. Natural coagulants have been increasingly popular in the past few years due to their benefits and the fact that it resolves most of the associated problems when using chemical coagulants. Glycine max and blend of alum with aloe barbadensis and glycine max are used as coagulants in this study in place of regularly used chemical coagulants to reduce the turbidity of synthetically prepared turbid water of 100 NTU. The tests were carried out using jar apparatus to determine the optimum dose of natural coagulant. Different concentration of the stock solution is prepared and mixed in synthetic turbid water in different quantity and we get the efficiency of the glycine max, blend of alum with glycine max and blend of alum with aloe barbadensis were 88.6%, 90.4% and 91.8% respectively. The effect of the natural coagulant on other water quality parameters such as pH, hardness, alkalinity, electrical conductivity etc was also found out. The use of natural coagulants is easily available that’s why it is cheap in the local area where test is carried out in India, and environment-friendly approach for waste-water treatment as observed in this study.

Image Defogging and Quality Assesment
Authors:- Yarlagadda Vyshnavi, Inapanurthi Swarupa, Yalamarthi. Sireesha, Mupparaju. Venkata Aparna

Abstract- Images captured in foggy weather conditions often suffer from bad visibility. Under bad weather conditions is prone to yield image with low contrast, faded color, and overall poor visibility. Dehazing can significantly improve contrast, correct distortion, remove unwanted visual effects/ and therefore enhance the image quality.

Hybrid Deep learning CNN-LSTM Model for Diabetes Prediction
Authors:- Mahadeo Bhopte, Manish Rai

Abstract- Diabetes mellitus is a high-risk medical disease in which blood sugar levels are too high. It is a major cause of death worldwide. According to the increased morbidity in recent years, in 2040, the world’s diabetics will reach approximately 642 million, which means that one in ten adults will suffer from diabetes in the future. There is no doubt that it draws considerable attention to this troubling amount. Machine learning has been extended too many areas of medical health through the exponential advancement of machine learning. A lot of data mining and machine learning techniques have been applied to diabetes datasets for disease risk prediction. The purpose of this paper is to review these machine learning techniques based on the performance measures and characteristics of the methods. The Pima Indian Diabetes dataset, taken as part of the study, includes 768 patients, out of which 268 patients are diabetic and 500 patients are under control.

A Review on Compact Agricultural Harvester and Its Cutting Blade Geometries
Authors:- Associate Prof. R. R. Gawande, PG Scholar D. V. Kite, Asst. Prof. B.V. Lande

Abstract- Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. The automatic combine harvesters are used in most part of the world for harvesting grains. These automatic harvesters are not suitable for the farmers who have small land typically less than 2-3 acres. Thus, it is important to develop the small harvester which is considerably cheaper and more accessible to the farmers who have small land. The objective of this paper is to review the efforts made by various researchers to develop the small and compact harvester for the farmers and modify the geometry of the cutting blade of harvester.

Corona Virus Impact Trend, Pattern and Problem of Tourism in Uttarakhand State (India)
Authors:-Asst.Porf. Dr. Amar.latta,Research Scholar Shagun Shotrya, Asst.Prof.Dr.Rajendra Singh Negi,Dr. Sunesh Kumar Sharma Team Leader

Abstract- Tourism is the backbone of Uttarakhand Economy. Uttarakhand has been many pilgrims annually from the time ofimmemorial. The people have now understood the power of tourism as an option for economic development and social development. Uttarakhand’s tourism growth can be depending on many factors. Most of the tourist attracting towards the Uttarakhand and people are coming not from the India but from the other countries. Uttarakhand is known as the spiritual and adventure tourism place of the country. Uttarakhand state is one of the traditional and powerful competitors in international tourism market. It has natural resources, beautiful mountains, rich cultural heritage, forests, agriculture, Industry, multi-culture and diversity of people of plains and hills, weather variations in different districts.

Fraudify: A Secure Open Banking Platform
Authors:- Surya Suresh, Debasis Chakraborty

Abstract- Fraudulent Activity is a major problem faced by many fields mainly in financial sector. The fraud transactions are performed to buy goods without paying, to get unauthorized access to account and transfer money with account holder’s acknowledgement. Ensuring secure authentication can prevent the system from security breaches. Behavioral Biometrics has increasing demand in digital industry as it helps identify the original user and fraudsters by analyzing the behavior that a person possesses. The project incorporates the traditional authentication such as personal identification number along with different advanced biometric authentication such as face recognition, keystroke dynamics, mouse dynamics and geographic location acts like a strong filter to identify the original user to access the system.

Analysis of Renewable Energy NPC Charging Battery Storage System
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Saurabh Kumar Patel, Asst. Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- This paper introduces a grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) system and battery storage, which is implemented using a three-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC) inverter. A new simplified space vector PWM method for a three phase three level inverter is to be proposed. The number of switching states is a larger number in case of three-level inverters as compared with a two-level inverter. In the proposed scheme, three-level space vector PWM inverter can directly use. This control algorithm will be used to control power delivery between solar PV, and grid. It also has the capability of MPPT. The proposed control topology can generate the correct AC voltage under unbalanced DC voltage conditions by using a vector modulation technique. It can also control the charging and be discharging of battery storage systems in different levels of solar irradiation. In this project area, a three phase three-level inverter using space vector modulation strategy has been modeled and simulated. Simulations are done using Matlab Simulink.

Review Paper on Automatic Car Parking Brake System Using Hydraulic Brake Circuit in Any Four Wheeler
Authors:- Prof. E.Manjaerkar, Siddhesh Belnekar, Parag Dicholkar, Aniket Gaonkar, Nishant Gaonkar

Abstract- A parking brake is an important tool in any automotive parking system. The parking brake system is designed toused the basic hydraulic system or circuit present in the four wheeler itself. The mechanical hand brake system is quite difficult for the driver to use. However the present designed circuit operates on an additional use of a small ‘ON-OFF’ switch to apply parking brake to the vehicle or refuse the parking brake. It comprises of hydraulic master cylinder, high pressure parking, wheel cylinder, disc brake, solenoid valve and ‘ON-OFF’ switch.

IOT Network Malicious Session Detection by KNN and MothFlame Optimization Algorithm
Authors:- M.Tech.Scholar Rakhi Sarathe, Asst. Prof. Sumit Sharma

Abstract- IOT network increases the comfort of human life in various measures. This growing network attract many intruders to attack on the system hence security of IOT devices is major concern these days. This paper has proposed a IOT network intrusion detectin system that detect the session into attack and normal class. Moth flame optimization genetic algorithm was used in the work for slection of features for identifying the class representative sessions. Identification of class session was done by K-Nearest Neighbour. Expeirment was done on real dataset and result shows that proposed model Moth Flame based IOT Network Security (MFIOTNS) has improved the work efficiency optimizing various evalautin parameter values.

A Review On Six Sigma And Dmaic Problem Solving Methodology
Authors:- Asheesh Kurmi, Prof. Mukesh Singh Baghel

Abstract- In today’s competitive world, customer wants perfection and there is no room for error. Delighting the customer and new ways to exceed their expectations is requirement of today’s business world. Six sigma helps to achieve this goal. Six sigma is a highly disciplined process that helps us focus on developing and delivering near-perfect products and services. Six sigma helps us to reduce deviation in process and keep them within acceptance limit.

Fault Ride Protection of the Motor-Generator Pair System for Renewable Energy Systems
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Saurabh Vishvakarma,Prof,Alka Yadav

Abstract- Now days the world has reached to a point when integration of renewable energy sources like the wind energy, solar energy etc. with the electricity grid of the country will have a greater role As such when the global warming rate has reached to distressing rate in the world. Also there will be problems while implementing the connection of wind turbines and any other renewable energy sources with grid. One of the problems related to this is called ‘Fault ride through disturbances’ this work proposed asynchronous Motor and Generator Pair (MGP) system as a probable solution for the integration of renewable energy to recover inertia and improve network stability. In this work analyze briefly the Fault Ride Through scenario of wind energy conversion system (WECS) and solar system with this work establish the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) configuration or manage strategy. To compensate for power for each phase disjointedly, a closed loop PI manage law is proposed in d-q reference frame. The proposed technique provides fast response and effectual case recompense functions and run a MATLAB/SIMULINK simulation of such type of Low Voltage Fault Ride through Scenario, as well as analyzing the results.

A Review Of Electro Discharge Machining (Edm)Technique analysis
Authors:- Mohit Kumar, Prof. Dr. Anil Kumar

Abstract-Electro Discharge Machining, or EDM, is a machining technology that is usually used to produce objects out of hard metals or things that cannot be made any other way. As a result, one of the most important non-traditional machining methods is electro discharge machining (EDM). It is used to cut difficult-to-cut materials such as composites and intermetallic materials. This is analogous to an electrical short that burns a small hole in the metal that it comes into contact with. The spark erosion in EDM is the same piece. Both the work piece material and the electrode material must be able to conduct electricity in order for the EDM process to work. EDM allows you to create complex profiles utilised in prosthetics and other biomedical applications, such as a heart valve. Electro Discharge Machining (EDM) can also be used to create complex forms, small holes with high precision, and high-strength metals that can endure high temperatures. This study examines some of the most innovative work in the field of EDM. It also allows the EDM to expand in the future.

Performance and Degradation Analysis of Adaptive Reference MPPT Algorithm for Solar Power System
Authors:-M. Tech. Scholar Rahul Rana, Guide Abhishek Dubey, Head Dr. Shweta Chourasia

Abstract-To maximize solar Photovoltaic (PV) output under dynamic weather conditions, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) controllers are incorporated in solar PV systems. Implementing the MPPT algorithm through digital controllers is easier if it is possible to minimize error functions. The differences between the various MPPT techniques are very slight and they can be evaluated according to the situation. In this work a modified version of adapative reference voltage algorithm has been designed. The model has been simulated in MATLAB/ SIMULINK environment. The modeling of adaptive reference PSO based MPPT algorithm has resulted in considerable improvement in the power output from the PV module. The power output with adaptive reference PSO MPPT algorithm at the load terminal has improved from 3959 Watts to 4969 watts approximately.

Study on Electrical Waste and Plastic Waste in Stabilizing Road Constriction
Authors:- Marri. Vandana, S. Arun Tejadhar Reddy

Abstract- Nowadays with the increasing population usage of electronic applications increased and once the device is used it is either refurbished, reused, or discarded. The discarded electrical waste turns to be called E-Waste whose disposal is very difficult. This waste grows annually at a rate of 3-4% and in which 15% is only been recycled. According to the data around 2021, we will generate 52.2 million tonnes per annum of E-Waste. E-waste recycling becomes difficult due to the Presence of flame retarder and around 20% of plastic material in it.The current review helps to understand how this hard to recycle E-waste can be used in stabilizing and strengthening Indian roads.

A Review Article Novel Approach to Design of Solar Plant with Connected to a Non- Linear Motor Load
Authors:-Dheeraj Kumar, Professor Arun Pachori

Abstract- The increasing application of nonlinear loads may cause distribution system power quality issues. This work presents a control of Single-phase Grid Interactive Inverters with nonlinear loads and a technique for Harmonic compensation and power factor correction of nonlinear loads employing Current Controlled Voltage Source Inverter. This work will focus on the design methodology and the analysis of control strategy which allows the compensation of harmonics and phase displacement of the input current, for non-linear loads. The Utility-Connected Inverter should operate at both Stand-alone and Grid-Connected modes. However, the waveform qualities of the grid current in GridConnected mode and the output voltage in Stand-alone mode are poor under the nonlinear critical load with the conventional control. The impact of the nonlinear load on the grid current is analyzed. Harmonics problem in industrial power systems with non-linear loads are presented. By adding the load current into the filter inductor current loop, the influence of the nonlinear load on the grid current can be eliminated, and the waveform quality of the output voltage in stand-alone mode can be improved. The control method is simple and easy to be achieved. Simulation results from a Full-bridge Grid-Interactive Inverter with a Diode Rectifier load verify the theoretical analysis.

Seismic Analysis and Comparison Of Is 1893:2002(Part-1) and Is 1893:2016(Part-1)
Authors:- Khot Rakesh, Khule Omkar, Bhise Pratik, Didpaye Suyog, Mrs. Kale S.

Abstract- This study as a whole makes an effort to evaluate the effect of plan irregularity on RC buildings using IS 1893:2002 and IS 1893:2016 in terms of dynamic characteristics. Considerable improvement in earthquake resistant design has been observed in recent past. As a result, Indian Seismic code IS 1893 has also been revised in year 2016, after a gap of 14 years. This paper presents seismic load estimation for multi-storey buildings as per IS:1893-2002 and IS:1893-2016 recommendation. The scope behind presenting the project is to learn relevant Indian standard codes are used for design of various building elements such as beam, column, slab, foundation, and staircase using software STAAD-PRO.

Static and Modal Analysis of Metal Matrix Composite Based Propeller Shaft
Authors:-PG Scholar Senavaraiyan S, Prof. Dr. S. Ayyappan

Abstract- The main goal of this project is to analyze metal matrix composites’ based a propeller shaft. In this project, it was attempted to determine the appropriateness of a hollow propeller shaft by altering the interior diameter. The CAD software was used to produce a model of the propeller shaft. The design optimization also showed significant potential improvement in the performance of the propeller shaft. ANSYS software was used to perform the static and modal analyses. The obtained results were compared among the selected materials. The achievement of weight reduction with an adequate improvement of mechanical properties has made composite a very good replacement material for conventional steel without an increase in cost or decrease in vehicle quality and reliability.

A Hybrid Online Compiler
Authors:- Chaitra B V,
Patil, Associate Prof. Dr. S Anupama Kumar

Abstract-While learning various languages, some of the common problems experienced by them included installing compilers and setting paths.. In order to minimize system resources, the programming language should be stored in a directory where it can be accessed without installing any software. Online Compiler is a web tool that enables people to modify and execute code without requiring any software.A remote user can create programs and compile them from the servers.Online Compiler proposed system’s main idea is to help students who want to learn programming language without installing a compiler in their system. This application works on the web which works online. Various testing has been done for the proposed system and the implementation of the proposed system was carried out successfully.

Review of Image Processing Technique for Glaucoma Detection
Authors:- M. Tech Scholar Akanksha Singh Patel, Assistant Professor Mr Varun Singh

Abstract- The review paper describes the application of various image processing techniques for automatic detection of glaucoma. Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disorder of the optic nerve, which causes partial loss of vision. Large number of people suffers from eye diseases in rural and semi urban areas all over the world. Current diagnosis of retinal disease relies upon examining retinal fundus image using image processing. The key image processing techniques to detect eye diseases include image registration, image fusion, image segmentation, feature extraction, image enhancement, morphology, pattern matching, image classification, analysis and statistical measurements.

A Survey Paper on Weed Detection
Authors:- Pradnya Nikam, Kartiki Borage, Shreyash Lokhare, Shraddha More, Prof. Sinju Saliya

Abstract- Weeds are basically the plants that are not sown at a particular place, they grow naturally but they are unwanted. Weeds compete with the crops for water, minerals, light, space which eventually leads to reduction in yield of crops. So, it is important to manage and monitor them. The main objective is to develop a weed detection system based on Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) so minimum spraying of pesticides can be done on the areas of weed and maximum spraying of pesticides can be done on areas of crops. In this paper CNN technique is reviewed. In CNN models, the input image passes through series of convolution layers which has filters i.e. Kernels and apply ReLU activation to the matrix. Then pooling is performed to reduce the dimensional size and flattened output is fed into a fully connected layer (FC layer). Finally the output is classified as weed.

A Hybrid Online Compiler
Authors:- PG Students Chaitra B V, Chetan Patil, Dr. S Anupama Kumar

Abstract-While learning various languages, some of the common problems experienced by them included installing compilers and setting paths. In order to minimize system resources, the programming language should be stored in a directory where it can be accessed without installing any software. An online Compiler is a web tool that enables people to modify and execute code without requiring any software. A remote user can create programs and compile them from the servers. Online Compiler proposed system’s main idea is to help students who want to learn programming language without installing a compiler in their system. This application works on the web which works online. Various testing has been done for the proposed system and the implementation of the proposed system was carried out successfully.

Static and Modal Analysis of Metal Matrix Composite Based Propeller Shaft
Authors:- PG Scholar Senavaraiyan S, Prof. Dr. S. Ayyappan

Abstract- The main goal of this project is to analyze metal matrix composites’ based a propeller shaft. In this project, it was attempted to determine the appropriateness of a hollow propeller shaft by altering the interior diameter. The CAD software was used to produce a model of the propeller shaft. The design optimization also showed significant potential improvement in the performance of the propeller shaft. ANSYS software was used to perform the static and modal analyses. The obtained results were compared among the selected materials. The achievement of weight reduction with an adequate improvement of mechanical properties has made composite a very good replacement material for conventional steel without an increase in cost or decrease in vehicle quality and reliability.

Study and Comparison of Z-Source Inverter with Traditional Inverters
Authors:- Research Scholar Prem Nath Jaimini, Prof. Viany Pathak, Prof. Namrata Sant

Abstract- This paper displays an impedancee hotspot inverter to A. C electrical drives. The impedance sourball inverter utilizes a interesting impedance system couple for inverter primary circlet rectifier. By regulating the shoot-through obligation cycle, that z-source inverter framework utilizing MOSFETS furnish ride-through ability throughout voltage sags, lessens offering harmonics, enhances force variable and secondary reliability, and extends yield voltage extent. Analysis, simulation, Also test comes about will be exhibited should show these new Characteristics. It diminishes harmonics, electromagnetic obstruction clamor it need low basic committed commotion.

Blockchain Based Decentralized Voting System
Authors:- Shrey Garg, Deepak Kumar, Saroj Kumar Manna, Simran Chauhan, Dr. Rani Astya

Abstract- It’s always been a challenge to create a new voting system keeping in mind at the same time,of the legal factors that are associated with it. The old systems, the old computer technology has been proven vulnerable to threats and hence the need for new technology has risen exponentially. Block chain as a technology has many benefits over its existing methods. And hence we are aiming to test these features of blockchain in our electronic voting system. We propose a new block chain-based decentralized electronic voting system which deals with all the discrepancies, all the shortcomings of the existing voting system.

Studies on Development of Process Technology for Preparation of Ready-To-Cook (Instant) Carrot Dessert (Halwa) Incorporated with Stevia
Authors:- Kokani Ranjeet Chunilal, Amol Annasaheb Dabhade

Abstract- The present investigation entitled “Studies on formulation and preparation of Ready-to-cook (Instant) Carrot dessert (Halwa) incorporated with stevia” was carried out in Department of Food Processing Technology. The aim to prepare carrot instant dessert (Halwa) incorporated with stevia to provide more nutrition and low calories to fast way of cooking food rather than spending too much time on cooking. The formulation was made with dehydrated carrot-based product along with other ingredients like milk solids, stevia, coconut, dry fruits. The product has gained its importance because of its taste, flavour, it contains no sugar, nutrition, health benefits and sweet taste to the consumers. The purpose of this research was to provide tasty, delicious, and nutritive food dessert for those peoples who is suffering from sugar problems as well as normal people in affordable price. The developed carrot instant dessert (Halwa) incorporated with stevia was subjected to sensory evaluation it showed that T2 sample is more superior to others. For preparation, all ingredients are mixed and packed in laminated aluminium pouch. The proximate compositions of carrot instant dessert (Halwa) incorporated with stevia were moisture content (7.26 0.05%), fat (3.06 0.06%), protein (11.76 0.05%), carbohydrate (76.20 0.09%), energy (378.66 Kcal) and ash (4.36 0.05%). carrot instant dessert rich in Carbohydrate. It was concluded that carrot instant dessert stored for 6 months in laminated aluminium pouches. So, it can be satisfying the consumer.

Veggie Basket an E-Commerce Store
Authors:- Mr. Gorakh Chavan, Mr.Shubham Lamkhade, Ms.Priyanka Kute, Mr.Saurav Jambhulkar, Prof. Rashmi Tundalwar

Abstract- In recent years, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have gained importance for education and training at all levels. In this context, with the use of ICT, the learning method called E-learning is empowered. There are several modalities of E-learning, but when one of these modalities focusses on companies and institutions that wish to improve the training of their employees it is called E-Learning in the workplace. E-Learning in the workplace, as an emerging approach to improving the skills of employees, has been chosen by some organizations for the advantages it offers. However, implementing E-Learning in the workplace is a challenge due to several barriers that limit its success. This work focuses on one of the barriers, which is the lack of relevance of learning resources for the tasks that employees carry out in their workplace. For this work, a learning resource is considered as relevant for training when the resource contains or refers to elements in the description of a task that is performed in an organizational process.

Overfitting Vs Underfltting: Reat Illustration
Authors:- Pradeep Bolleddu

Abstract- In this contemporary era,In the core field of Machine learning, We Have to determine the performance of data model in the case of underfitting (High bias and low variance), When the model has not learned enough from the training data which results erratic predictions and low gen-eralization, It can be avoided by using more data by reducing features using feature selection method. In the Over-fitting (High variance and low bias) J6] When the model gets trained with huge data, lt may cause noise give inaccurate data entries in data set, So to avoid overfitting, we can use linear algorithm and by increasing training data by reducing model complexity [Use Ridge regularization lasso regularization.

Review Paper on Design and Analysis of Composite Drive Shaft
Authors:- Asst. Prof. Pawar P. S

Abstract- In automobile in day to day running number of components were worn out or failed due to some material physical and mechanical properties or their compositions. This project deals with the design and material optimization of an automobile component. For this purpose, the drive shaft is selected in which both material and design optimization is being conducted. In this firstly prepare the Creo software based model of propeller shaft and then will be import in ANSYS for FE analysis. Then the design of this shaft is altered and analyzed under same material and boundary conditions. Now this modified shaft analyzed with composite material under same boundary conditions.

Analysis of Helical Compression Spring Used in Two Wheeler Suspension System
Authors:- Asst. Prof. Mr. Amit G. Hejib

Abstract- The helical compression spring used in two wheelers is belonging to the medium segment of the Indian automotive market. The detailed assessment of the problem of two wheeler suspension spring is studied. Most of time springs were failed due to raw material defects, surface imperfection, improper heat treatment, corrosion and decarburization and high weight of suspension. These problems can be solved by applied thick layer of paint as adhesive, proper heat treatment, change in shape and material of helical compression spring. In this work, the spring rate can be increased by change in structure i.e. change in number of active coils of spring. The static stress analysis using finite element method will be validating by experimental validation.

A Review Article of Comprehensive Observation of Highways Construction, Planning and Scheduling Using Sampling Method
Authors:- Nagendra Pratap Singh Kachhawah, Vinay Deulkar

Abstract- A highway system serves a set of objectives, for example, arrangement of an adequate level of service, preservation of the office condition, safety, economic development, and others. It comprises of a number of physical facilities, for example, pavements, bridges, roadside elements, and traffic signal devices. The system is managed through operational elements of a highway agency, for example, arranging, design, construction, maintenance, etc. The highway system would thus be able to be envisioned in terms of a three dimensional lattice of objectives, facilities, and capacities, all of which interact with each other. The current trend of developing separate management systems for pavements, bridges, and maintenance activities is a piecemeal methodology, because it ignores the needs of the all out system. Consequently, many current systems are either clashing or involve duplication, or both. Instead, singular management subsystems, for example, planning management, bridge management, and maintenance management, ought to be developed in propercoordination with each other and with a clear understanding of the requirements of the complete system.

Studies on the Green Civil Building’s Gradual Development Strategy
Authors:- Research Scholar Rajarajeswari.C, Professor Anbalagan.C

Abstract- Green civil building development is an effective technique to deal with the housing industry’s resource shortages and pollution.According to an examination of the characteristics of green civil construction, four strategies should be used: policy gradualism, technical gradualism, environmental adaptability gradualism, and environmental aware gradualism.The green civil building’s steady development approach should be separated into three stages, each with its own aim.The conclusion has been formed that the “S”-type greening asymptotic curve development model is scientific and can meet the criteria of multi-objective optimal due to the thorough assessment of internal demands and external stress at various stages.

Green Building Material: Eco Friendly Aspects in Residential Project, Tamilnadu
Authors:-Research Scholar Rajarajeswari.C, Professor Anbalagan.C

Abstract- Green building materials are main factor when it comes to Eco homes. This paper focuses suggesting eco friendly green material for a residential project and its importance. It helps in optimizing 15-20% of total running cost on electricity, by enhancing micro climate, use of more naturally available local material with respect to climate. As a result of bringing in fewer toxins to environment, reduced carbon emission homes and sustainable living.

A Web-based Plant Health Classification System
Authors:- PG Scholar Ankit Kumar, PG Scholar Ashish Bhardwaj, Associate Prof. Dr. S Anupama Kumar

Abstract- Identification of the plant diseases is the key to preventing the losses in the yield and quantity of the agricultural product. Monitoring and detection of plant disease is very critical for sustainable agriculture. It is very difficult to monitor the plant diseases manually. It requires tremendous amount of work, expertise in the plant diseases, and require the excessive processing time. Detection of plant disease involves the steps like image acquisition, image pre-processing, image segmentation, feature extraction and classification. Plant disease identification by visual way is a tedious task and less accurate and can be done only in limited areas. If automatic detection technique is used it will take less efforts, time and gets more accurate. In plants, some general diseases seen are brown and yellow spots, early and late scorch, and others are fungal, viral and bacterial diseases. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model used for apple leaf disease detection and classification. The dataset used in proposed system consist of 3642 images of apple leaves. Proposed system includes splitting the dataset into test data and training dataset. Conv2d neural network applied to train the CNN model. Model Achieved 90.2% accuracy with 30 epochs.

A Survey on Data Mining Techniques for Analysis and Prediction of Heart Diseases
Authors:- Research Scholar Sugendran G, Asst. Prof. Dr.S.Sujatha

Abstract- A classification is one of the most important and beneficial techniques. whenever interacting with a huge amount of data, order methods are highly beneficial. to forecast all of the class names, an arrangement is being used. recently accessible data is commonly represented by a class name in grouping models. segmentation is the very first step towards developing a model which describes and identifies data. analysis refers to the process of describing a model that shows and identifies data categories or concepts. description techniques can deal with both mathematical and obvious attributions. building fast and accurate classifiers for large datasets is a crucial task in data mining and data breaches. grouping predicts understandable class names and classifies data based on the preparation set. classification is a two-stage process. we propose a study of several data mining arrangement strategies such as decision tree, k-nearest neighbour, support vector machines, naive bayesian classifiers, neural networks, and random forest in this article.

Image Defogging and Quality Assesment
Authors:- Yarlagadda Vyshnavi, Inapanurthi Swarupa, Yalamarthi. Sireesha, Mupparaju. Venkata Aparna

Abstract- Images captured in foggy weather conditions often suffer from bad visibility. Under bad weather conditions is prone to yield image with low contrast, faded color, and overall poor visibility. Dehazing can significantly improve contrast, correct distortion, remove unwanted visual effects/ and therefore enhance the image quality.

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