IJSRET Volume 5 Issue 6, Nov-Dec-2019



Optimizing Profit with the Linear Programming Model in a Manufacturing Industry
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Shrikant Desai, Professor Y.P. Ladhe

Abstract:- The study has successfully determined the product mix of Bansal Pipe Industry, Indore. In the process, the optimal quantities of the various PVC pipes to be produced within the study period in order to maximize profit were established. Also the status of the resources and the unit worth of each resource to the objective function were known with respect to varying budget resources and labor time. This is the advantage of going beyond mere knowledge of existing decision making tools to actual practical proof of its workability. The study has shown that linear programming model can be applicable in BIL, Indore. The researcher, through observation, noted that decision making regarding the quantity of shoes to be produced was based on trial and error method which yielded sub-optimal results. Hence, an attempt was made to fill this gap, has demonstrated practical means of developing a working linear programming model to find solution to the problem of sub-optimal results often realized by BIL. Also, the literature reviews in this work have – further affirmed that linear programming model is workable.

A Review on Organic Rankine Cycle (Orc) for Waste Heat Recovery with Different Refrigerant
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Rajeev Kumar, Prof. Brijendra Yadav

Abstract:- Rising energy demand due to industrial development, population growth, is pushing the mankind for utilizing more and more conventional energy sources such as coal, oil and gas. There is a need to minimize the use of such types of resources because; it contributes to the global warming, pollution and climate change. Use of alternative sources of energy such as solar, hydro, wind, tidal, geothermal, biofuel, and nuclear are preferable and are

A Survey on Different Adiabatic Logic Circuits for Low Power in Dsm Technology
Authors:- Priya Kumari, Ashish Chouhan, MD Naushad Akhtar

Abstract:- The term ‘adiabatic’ is coined from thermodynamics in which a method where no energy exchange takes place with environment results no dissipation of energy loss. On the other hand in short circuit devices in energy exchange process charge has been transfer between different nodes. Practically, with the use of partial adiabatic operation in the circuit results for the improvement of overall performance of the circuit with complexity. The result is represented in tabular and graphical form. And a comparison is done among all the simulation. After a detailed examination a conclusion has been drawn based on the entire work done and also from the simulation and the result is evaluated. All simulations are carried out using HSPICE at 65nm technology with supply voltage is 1V at 100 MHz frequency, for fair comparison of results W/L ratio of all the circuit is same.

Analysis of Embedded Network Security by Intrusion Detection System
Authors:- Research Scholar Mr. Suresh .B, Associate Prof. & Head Dr. M. Venkatachalam

Abstract:- The term ‘adiabatic’ is coined from thermodynamics in which a method where no energy exchange takes place with environment results no dissipation of energy loss. On the other hand in short circuit devices in energy exchange process charge has been transfer between different nodes. Practically, with the use of partial adiabatic operation in the circuit results for the improvement of overall performance of the circuit with complexity. The result is represented in tabular and graphical form. And a comparison is done among all the simulation. After a detailed examination a conclusion has been drawn based on the entire work done and also from the simulation and the result is evaluated. All simulations are carried out using HSPICE at 65nm technology with supply voltage is 1V at 100 MHz frequency, for fair comparison of results W/L ratio of all the circuit is same.

A Survey on Low Power High Speed Domino Circuit in Low Power VLSI Design
Authors:- MD Naushad Akhtar, Ashish Chouhan, Priya Kumari

Abstract:- Increased number of transistor count and reduced device size is main reason behind scaling and this incorporates leakage current also in other hand battery technology is growing very slowly hence we need low power circuit so that we can enhance overall performance of device. After evolution of CMOS circuit the scientist moved on static and dynamic circuit design. In static CMOS there are various limitations like no. of transistor count, power dissipation, slow speed, hence to overcome these limitation a new circuit pseudo NMOS is used. It exist somewhere between static and dynamic circuit. We have seen that FinFET technology is simulated by BISM4 model using HSPICE at 32nm process technology at 250C with CL=1pF at 100MHz frequency. When CMOS is compared with FinFET for 8 and 16 input OR gate we save average power 15.46%, 21.34% SFLD, 57.37%, 20.12% HSD, 30.90%, 42.46% CKD respectively.

The Effect of Radial Swirl Generator on Reducing Emissions from Bio-Fuel Burner System
Authors:-M.Tech. Scholar Amaresh prasad Sinha, Prof. Poonam Wankhede, Dr. Mohit Gangwar

Abstract:- A liquid bio-fuel burner system with various radial air swirlers attached to combustion chamber of 280 mm inside diameter and 1000 mm length has been investigated. All tests were conducted using crude palm oil as fuel. A radial flow air swirler with curved blades having 50 mm outlet diameter was inserted at the inlet plane of the combustor to produce swirling flow. Fuel was injected at the back plate of the swirler outlet using central fuel injector with single fuel nozzle pointing axially outwards. The swirler vane angles and equivalence ratios were varied. Tests were carried out using four different air swirlers having 45°, 50°, 60°and 70° vane angles. NOx emissions reduction of about 12 percent was obtained at swirl number of 1.911 as compared to 0.780 at the same equivalence ratio of 0.83. In addition, emission of carbon monoxide decreased as the swirl number increased. The results shows that a proper design of air swirler has great effect on mixing process and hence the combustion and emission.

CFD Analysis of Heat transfer in Tube Inserted with Centrally Hollow Narrow Twisted Tapes
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Ajay Kumar Roy, Prof. Suresh Kumar Badholiya, Rohit Choudhary

Abstract:- In this study, a new tube insert, named centrally hollow narrow twisted tape, is developed and its effect on the heat transfer enhancement performance of a tube under laminar flow conditions is numerically simulated. The model defines two study variables—hollow width and clearance—and then incorporates the concept of a unilateral twisted tape; the effect of the number of unilateral twisted tapes on the tube heat transfer performance is then examined. The results show that the tube with cross hollow twisted tape inserts has the best overall heat transfer performance for different hollow widths of the tape.

A Review on Heat Transfer Enhancement Analysis of Tube Inserted with Centrally Hollow Narrow Twisted Tapes
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Ajay Kumar Roy, Prof. Suresh Kumar Badholiya, Rohit Choudhary

Abstract:- In this study, a new tube insert, named centrally hollow narrow twisted tape, is developed and its effect on the heat transfer enhancement performance of a tube under laminar flow conditions is numerically simulated. The model defines two study variables—hollow width and clearance—and then incorporates the concept of a unilateral twisted tape; the effect of the number of unilateral twisted tapes on the tube heat transfer performance is then examined. The results show that the tube with cross hollow twisted tape inserts has the best overall heat transfer performance for different hollow widths of the tape.

Design and Implementation of Sensor Less Voltage Control Technique for Power Quality in Telecom
Authors:- M.Tech. Student Tamba Rajeswari, Assistant Prof. B.Jagan Narayana, Assistant Professor& Hod V. Sunil Kumar Reddy

Abstract:- In this paper, a three-phase three-switch three-level boost (Vienna) type PWM rectifier is proposed as an active front-end power factor correction (PFC) rectifier for power quality improvement in telecom load. The sensor less voltage control technique is proposed and it does not rely on any input voltage information results in reliable and robust operation. A brief description on the principle of operation and the most advantageous modulation method of the proposed system is discussed. The feasible switching states are identified for the proposed active front-end converter resulting in reduced switching stress and DC ripples. A triangular carrier based control logic is applied and the input current reaches sinusoidal shape without the need of sensing the input voltage. The detailed analysis of front-end PFC converter is carried out by equivalent circuit analysis. Also, the complete loss and efficiency calculation of the converter is explicitly carried out with the help of hardware design guidelines. The performance of the proposed system and its capability to operate satisfactorily in the event of failure of one-phase of the mains is verified through MATLAB Simulation and results obtained are presented. The experimental setup rated for 9 kW is developed in the laboratory to validate the simulation results. From the simulation and hardware results, it is observed and recorded that the power quality parameters are improved and are well within the IEEE, IEC standards.

A Comparison of Tcsc Fact Device Performance and Long Distance Transmission
Authors:- Maneesha Kushwaha, Arun Pachori

Abstract:- The prudent point of view of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) establishment and execution has been an essential issue since origin and expanding each day because of vital, specialized and showcase requirements. The advancement of these issues assumes a significant job in the achievement of any utility and at last minimal effort accessibility of intensity at the client end. This paper exhibits the ideal area of Thruster Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) in control framework to limit the transmission misfortune utilizing Particle Swarm Optimization procedure. The reenactments are performed on the IEEE-14 transport framework, IEEE 30 transport framework and Indian 75 transport framework with Newton Raphsonload flow calculation including TCSC.

Review of Image Retrieval using Color Text and Shape Techniques
Authors:- ME Scholar Roshani Yadav, HOD Mr. Kamlesh Patidar

Abstract:- The big digital image databases are yielded by the widespread of smart devices along with the exponential growth of virtual societies. If not fused with efficient Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) tools, these databases can be counter-productive. The introduction of promising CBIR systems had been witnessed last decade which promoted applications in various fields. In this editorial, an analysis on state of the art content-based image retrieval which includes theoretical and empirical work is propounded. This work comprises of publications that cover aspects of research relevant to CBIR area. That is to say, unsupervised and supervised education and combination techniques along with which the low-level image visual descriptors have been reported. Furthermore, challenges and applications that appeared to carry CBIR research have been discussed in this work.

Object Recognition Based on MATLAB
Authors:- Assistant Prof. Vishal V. Mehtre, UG Scholar Shivani Jitendra Khare

Abstract:- This paper describes image processing and its applications using MATLAB. Prime objective of image processing involves extraction of important information from the processed images. By use of this data, description and interpretations can be provided by the machine. Image processing modifies the original image in the desired format (image). And this system provides the users with the hard copy of the image using printer and also allows them to save the file in the desired format with extensions. In our practical life, we find many applications of image processing. One of the best examples in our day to day life is our brain in coordination with our eye which views a lot of images and helps the brain to sense and process information at higher rates and less time. Hence such operations carried out using image processing will help us in greater understanding and vision by development and implementation of image processing. In this paper image processing, object detection, applications of image processing using MATLAB and prospects are discussed.

Design and Implementation Optimization Algorithm for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network
Authors:- Neha Jamrey, K K Sharma

Abstract:- Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) contain several components such as vehicles and sensors that are deployed in a specific acoustic area to perform collaborative monitoring and data collection tasks. Tese networks are used interactively between different nodes and ground-based stations. Presently, UWSNs face issues and challenges regarding limited bandwidth, high propagation delay, 3D topology, media access control, routing, resource utilization, and power constraints. In the last few decades, research community provided different methodologies to overcome these issues and challenges; however, some of them are still open for research due to variable characteristics of underwater environment. In this paper, a survey of UWSN regarding underwater communication channel, environmental factors, localization, media access control, routing protocols, and effect of packet size on communication is conducted. We compared presently available methodologies and discussed their pros and cons to highlight new directions of research for further improvement in underwater sensor networks.

Prediction of Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Artificial Neural Network Model
Authors:- M.Tech. Student Sandeep Solanki, Asst. Prof. Mr. Sambhav Gangwal

Abstract:- This study proposes to build a concrete compressive strength development over time (CCSDOT) model by using conventional method combined with the artificial intelligence method. The CCSDOT model performed well in predicting and fitting the compressive strength development in green concrete containing cement, slag, fly ash, and limestone flour. It is concluded that the CCSDOT model is stable through the use of sensitivity analysis. To evaluate the precision of this model, the prediction results of the proposed model were compared to that of the model based on the BP neural network. The results verify that the recommended model enjoys better flexibility, capability, and accuracy in predicting the compressive strength development in concrete than the other models.

Brain Stimulation Game application for children
Authors:- P.S.M Alawatta

Abstract:- Most of the new generation children nowadays are using their parent’s electronic devices as a habit. Addict on to new technologies lead the children away from educational activities. This is affect to the child’s future and main problem is this that the early childhood does not develop on correct way. Considering about this problem the research implemented an educational gaming application based on how to use technologies toward to better future by navigate children to educational activities and reducing time wasting for useless things through the new technologies. Smart Kids is an Unity based gaming application for children of 6 to 10 age category. Prototype methodology used for implement the application. The developed gaming application based on Mathematics and includes many features. The application developed to improve child’s cognitive skills in mathematics and memory development areas. Different game categories used to develop child’s different kind of skills and each category included different levels. The variation of gaming categories will be motivating child to do different sides. When considering about parents, within the busy life style some parents have not time to check child’s skills improvements. As a solution, developed application calculates child’s performance.

Implementation of Queuing Theory Along with Lean Technique in Manufacturing Industry
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Bharat, Professor Vipul Upadhayay, Yogesh P Ladhe

Abstract:- This research provides a context for investigating the integration of queuing theory and scheduling approaches with the goal of more effectively solving scheduling problems arising in dynamic environments. In this thesis main objective of research are applied queuing theories in a production line by using an analytical model, using a queuing model to examine performance of a production line, To give information about the studied production line in this case study and To improve both efficiency and performance of workstations. This research work is carried out in Pressroom Industries limited, Bhopal. This industry produces variety of products such as sprocket, spur gear, helical gear and gear housing etc. In this work spur gear manufacturing is taken for study. At first different manufacturing processes (cutting the bar stock, OD turning, center drilling followed by boring, CNC machining, gear hobbling, debarring, keyway slotting and gear grinding) are identified. It is found the cutting, hobbling, drilling and slotting process are bottle neck processes. From the analysis it is found that the setup time of keyway slotting consumes more time. Using SMED concept single pallet is converted to two pallets.

Fem Analysis of Structural Response of Sandwich Beam
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Himanshu Kumar Gupta, Asst. Prof. Rakesh Patel, Prof. Vikas S Pagey

Abstract:- Sandwich plate are composite systems having high stiffness-to-weight and Strength-to weight ratios and are used as light weight load bearing components. The use of thin, strong skin sheets adhered to thicker, lightweight core materials has allowed industry to build strong, stiff, light, and durable structures. Due to the use of viscoelastic polymer constituents, sandwich beams can exhibit time-dependent behavior. This study examines the behavior of sandwich plate driven by the varying core thickness and different core stiffness. Finite element (FE) method is used to analyze the overall transient responses, harmonic responses and the static responses of the sandwich systems subject to a concentrated point load at the mid span of the beam. In this study the skin, i.e. the top and bottom layers are made up of aluminum while the core is made up of foam family. The stress and deformation fields are analyzed. The core thickness and core material stiffness was varied keeping the skin thickness constant and the behavior of the sandwich beam is studied under static and dynamic conditions.

Car Damage Detection and Analysis Using Deep Learning Algorithm For Automotive
Authors:- Rakshata P, Padma H V, Pooja M , Yashaswini H V, Karthik V

Abstract:- Images and its processing form a vital part of understanding of the world around us. Therefore incomplete images make it unable for us to detect and analyze the premise of the picture. This is of no use to us, but today’s machine learning platforms are capable of restoring the lost or corrupted parts of such images, making it easier to understand the context behind the scenes and efficiently analyze the pictures taken. In painting Extrapolation can be done by propagation of local structures into the unknown parts, in order to construct the missing part’s one pixel (or patch) at a time, while maintaining consistency with the neighborhood pixels. This application of deep learning is used in the car damage detection and extraction of original features before the incident for timely insurance claims.

Thermal Analysis of Organic Rankine Cycle Based on Different Fluid Type
Authors:- M. Tech Scholar Sanjay Rahangdale, Prof. Kashiram Kadwe

Abstract:- The ORC works with a high molecular mass organic working fluid with the characteristic of having a phase change of liquid to vapour occurring at a temperature which is lower than the phase change of water to steam for a given pressure. The recovery of low grade heat can be achieved using organic fluids. These low grade heat sources can be from biomass energy, solar energy, geothermal energy and industrial waste. This work presents an analysis of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) using R143a, R600a, R134a and RC318 as working fluids under constant external conditions. An EES program has been developed to parametrically compare the first and second law efficiencies and turbine size factor with increase in turbine entry temperature, heat source temperature, and turbine efficiency and pinch point temperature difference.

A Review Article of Composite Drive Shaft Vibration Effects and Methodology
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Govind Solanki, H.O.D. Mr. Ganesh Kesheorey

Abstract:- Almost all automobiles (at least those which correspond to design with rear wheel drive and front engine installation) have transmission shafts. The weight reduction of the drive shaft can have a certain role in the general weight reduction of the vehicle and is a highly desirable goal, if it can be achieved without increase in cost and decrease in quality and reliability. It is possible to achieve design of composite drive shaft with less weight to increase the first natural frequency of the shaft and to decrease the bending stresses using various stacking sequences. By doing the same, maximize the torque transmission and tensional buckling capabilities are also maximized. This work deals with the replacement of a conventional steel drive shaft with High Strength Carbon drive shafts for an automobile application.

Quality and Productivity Improvement in Gear Manufacturing Process by using Quality Control Chart and Capability Analysis Including Sampling
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Hari Krishnadas Raut, Asst. Prof. Yogesh Ladhe

Abstract:- Increasing productivity and profitability are main objectives of any organization. Many tools and techniques are used to reduce rejections and defects of product. Most of the rejections and defects are occurred due to improper control of quality of product. So use of 7 Quality control tools is best way to reduce rejections and defects of product after analyzing of manufacturing process. Another advantage is increasing customer satisfaction by use of 7 Quality control tools in today competitive market. Based on application of these tools will increase the level of standard products which they require as vision of an organization. The purpose of this work is to discuss the effect of implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) in manufacturing industry (Shree Gears Pvt. Ltd, Indore). Very few service companies have been able to reap full benefits of TQM. One major reason for its inadequate success is that of trying to implement in service companies techniques that have been successful in manufacturing. In manufacturing, emphasis of TQM is on “zero defects”. Control charts and sampling are the major tools of quality control. However, in services, emphasis is on “zero defections”. Focus is on customer satisfaction and team approach. TQM can boost profits and improve customer satisfaction by reducing defects.

Road Construction in Hilly Region and Their Problem and Solution
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Techi Takar, Jitender Kumar

Abstract:- Construction of road is very much important for the transportation of goods and services from one place to another by the mean of roadway network. Road transportation is one of the primary modes of transportation since from the earlier time. The mode of road construction is varies with the geographical feature of the earth such as plain land, mountain terrain, steep and hilly region. It is more easy and accessible to construct a road in plain region as compare to the hilly region.This paper presents the road construction mode in the hilly region as well as their problem and solution with reference to the segment of NH-13 from Sagalee to Midpu (Doimukh). Hilly region comprises of steep mountain terrain, naturally hard rock strata and various turning points which made the road construction very difficult. As the development take place so it is necessary to connect the every corner of the country in order to have a transportation facility easy and accessible in terms of commercial purpose ,business purpose ,health and medical services , education sector etc. Therefore construction of serviceable road in hilly region is very much important for the overall Nation growth. The review study of this paper is to bring the knowledge of road construction problem and their solution of particular hilly region road stretch from Sagalee to Midpu (Doimukh) which is the capital region of Arunachal Pradesh, having stretch length of 74 km.

Implementation of Water Tank Design using Staad Pro Software
Authors:- Sunita Ahuja, Sourabh Dashore

Abstract:- Intensity of the wind is the principal reason for wind caused disaster. Hence constructed structures must be prepared by constructor to fight the impending disaster due to wind by understanding the performance of the structure under wind load. In this study a computational analysis of water tank has been carried to evaluate the performance of elevated water tank under the action wind forces. Since these types of tanks have high mass concentrated at the top height of slender supporting structure and that’s why this type of structures are mainly susceptible to horizontal forces induced by wind. Elevated water tanks have been investigated to analyze the actions of this structure due to wind force by changing different parameters such as capacity, height of stage, terrain category and wind zone. The results presented in this paper will be useful to the designer to understand the effect of various factors as mentioned above on the magnitude of wind force acting on the elevated water tank. Overhead Intze type tank is a form of expanded water tank resting on staging. Bottom part of tank of Intze tank is abounding in flat structure, thus in flat bottom, the thickness and reinforcement is set up to be high. This work aims to study the performance of the Overhead water tank of Intze type having different configuration of staging under the action of basic wind loads in different terrain category.

Review on Nano Particle Based Li Ion Batteries
Authors:- Y. V. Aravind Kumar

Abstract:- Li ion batteries have applications in nanotechnology .Here in this paper we were mainly focused on nonmaterial’s such as CNTs, silicon thinflims, coaxial MnO2/carbon annotate array electrodes ,self assembled TiO2 grapheme and li paper batteries to improve the performance of nanobatteries and storage.

Movie Recommendation Using Principle Component Analysis
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Bharti Vishwakarma, Prof. Ashish Tiwari

Abstract:-Recommendation system uses different types of algorithms to make any type of recommendations to user. Collaborative filtering recommendation algorithm is most popular algorithm, which uses the similar types of user with similar likings, but somewhere it is not that much efficient while working on big data. As the size of dataset becomes larger then some improvements in this algorithm must be made. Here in our proposed approach we are applying an additional hierarchical clustering technique with the collaborative filtering recommendation algorithm also the Principle Component Analysis (PCA) method is applied for reducing the dimensions of data to get more accuracy in the results. The hierarchical clustering will provide additional benefits of the clustering technique over the dataset and the PCA will help to redefine the dataset by decreasing the dimensionality of the dataset as required. By implementing the major features of these two techniques on the traditional collaborative filtering recommendation algorithm the major components used for recommendations can be improved. The proposed approach will surely enhance the accuracy of the results obtained from the traditional CFRA and will enhance the efficiency of the recommendation system in an extreme manner. The overall results will be carried out on the combined dataset of TMDB and Movie lens, which is used for making recommendations of the movies to the user according to the ratings patterns created by the particular user.

Review of Worm Hole Attack in WSN
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Bharti Yadav, Prof. Shailendra Tiwari

Abstract:-Wormhole attacks can undermine or put out of action wireless sensor networks. In a typical wormhole attack, the attacker be given packets at one point in the network, forwards through a wired or wireless network with take away latency than the network links, and transmits them to a different point in the network. This paper describes a give out wormhole recognition algorithm for wireless sensor networks, which detects wormholes based on the distortions they create in a network. Since wormhole attacks are passive in nature, a hop count technique is used by the algorithm as a explore procedure, renovates local maps in each node, and then uses a diameter element to detect abnormalities reason by wormholes. It can provide the approximate location of wormholes, which is useful in implementing countermeasures this is the main advantage of algorithms.

Predication and Root Selection of Worm Hole Attack in WSN
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Bharti Yadav, Prof. Shailendra Tiwari

Abstract:- Sensor Networks (WSN) are often vulnerable to several types of attacks due to its open space deployment and large area of applications. Wormhole is one of such attack, which falls under the category of Denial of Service (DoS). In this attack, an attacker takes control of the network services by developing an overlay tunnel called wormhole channel. In this paper, a mechanism has been proposed by appending extra four-bit information to RREP packets which is known to both sender and receiver; thus, reducing chances of wormhole tunnel. The work is based on AODV protocol and simulated in NS2, which effectively detect illegitimate attack carriers.

Design & Development of Electromagnetic Dynamometer for Testing of FHP Motor: A Review
Authors:- PG Student Rajgonda Shivgonda Patil, Principal S.H.Sawant

Abstract:- Ensuring any kind of Motor Performance as a part of Design Validation of FHP Motor is necessary to know against actual theoretical design of motor verses real test results obtained only through motor testing .Electromagnetic Brake Dynamometer (Eddy Brake Dynamometer ) is best suitable for Testing the Motor as a part of Loading & knowing the results at different torque values which enable us to know various characteristics parameters like Speed verses Torque, Current verses Torque, Input watt verses Torque & efficiency verses Torque as these are Key Motor parameters which should know to Designer or Motor manufacturer before releasing the product to customer cum market . This New Test Rig consisting of Designing, Development & validation of Motor.

Enhancement of PAPR Reduction Using Pso Based Optimization Technique
Authors:- M.E. Scholar Rati Ranjan Kumar , Asst. Prof. Komal Kanojia

Abstract:- A non-constant envelope with high peaks is a main disadvantage of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). These high peaks produce signal excursions into non-linear region of operation of the Power Amplifier (PA) at the transmitter, thereby leading to non-linear distortions and spectral spreading. Many Peak to Average Power Ration (PAPR) reductions methods have been proposed in the literature. The objective of this review is to give a clear understanding of different techniques to reduce PAPR of the signal.

Gaze PIN entry for Password Authentication
Authors:- Mr.Raghavendrachar S, Soumya Dattatreya Hegde, Varsha Purushotham, VennalaKN, Vidyashree S

Abstract:- Secret identification numbers are widely used for user authentication and security. Authentication of password using PINs requires users to input the PIN physically, which could be vulnerable to password knowing via shoulder surfing or thermal tracking. Authentication of PIN with hands-off gaze based (by closing the eye) PIN entry techniques, on the other hand, there is no physical footprints behind and therefore offer a more secure password entry option, Gaze -based authentication refers to finding the eye location across sequential image frames, and tracking over eye center over time. This paper presents a real-time application for gaze-based PIN entry, and eye detection and tracking for PIN identification using a smart camera.

Social BOT Detection for Twitter Dataset Using GBC Technique
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Roshani Singh, Prof. Sumit Sharma

Abstract:- Today, peoples are devoting large amount of time in social networks. As social media network popularity increases day by day, content writer are spamming on these platform for potential benefits of some organizations. Here graph based clustering algorithm was proposed to develop a binary cluster on the basis of serial or sequential action perform by the user. As per series of action social network graph is reduce into spanning tree where highly distance nodes are identified as abnormal behavior. So group of highly distance nodes are consider as the social bots while other are real users. Experiment was perform on real social sequential dataset of twitter. Results were compared on various evaluation parameters and it was obtained that proposed approach has improved all such parameter values as compared to previous approach adopt by researcher.

Survey on Stress Analysis and Design Optimization of A Pressure Vessel using Ansys
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Nitesh Katiyar, Assistant Professor Ranjeet Kumar

Abstract:- Pressure vessels are a commonly used device in marine engineering. Until recently the primary analysis method had been hand calculations and empirical curves. New computer advances have made finite element analysis (FEA) a practical tool in the study of pressure vessels, especially in determining stresses in local areas such as penetrations, O-ring grooves and other areas difficult to analyze by hand. This project set out to explore applicable methods using finite element analysis in pressure vessel analysis.

Stress Analysis and Design Optimization of a Pressure Vessel using Ansys
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Nitesh Katiyar, Assistant Professor Ranjeet Kumar

Abstract:- Pressure vessel is used to carry liquids such as petrol, kerosene; aviation fuel etc and these fuel tanks are used to transport fuel. Finite element method is a mathematical technique used to design a fuel carrying vessel and performing the stress analysis. The main objective of this paper is to design and analysis of pressure vessel. The designing various parameters of Pressure Vessel checked and designed according to the principles specified in American Society of Mechanical Engineers (A.S.M.E).

Review: Trust in VANET
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Divyam Singh, Prof. Shiva Bhatnagar

Abstract:- Vehicular ad-hoc networks(VANETs) expedite those probability change those way individuals experience the readiness of a secured interoperable remote correspondences a that consolidates cars, transports, activity signals, convenient telephones, Furthermore unmistakable contraptions. An opportunity to in any case, VANETs need help exposed against security perils because of developing dependence ahead correspondence, preparing, and control advancements. The surprising security Also security tests acted by VANETs in-enlightened decency data place stock in, mystery, no renouncement, get the opportunity to control, constant operational necessities/demands, availability, What’s greater security confirmation. The enduring quality for VANETs Might an opportunity to be improved Eventually Tom’s scrutinizing tending on completely those two dominant part of the information trust, which is depicted Likewise those examination from asserting regardless for if Furthermore what precisely degree those low down activity information would reliable, Furthermore focus trust, which is depicted Likewise how dependable those center points Previously, VANETs show up with make. In this paper, an assault safe trust association devise might be suggested for VANETs that could recollect What’s more acclimate to malevolent attacks what’s more review those relentless nature of the two information and versant centers On VANETs. Exceptionally, greater part of the information trust might be assessed done light of the information recognized Also gathered beginning with different vehicles; focus trust is reviewed On two estimations, I. E., helpful trust and suggestive trust, which show how at risk a middle cam wood satisfy its comfort what’s more door reliable those proposition beginning with an inside to isolate center points will be, freely. The adequacy Also capability of the recommended symbolization plot might be authorize through far reaching examinations. Those prescribed trust association subject might be relevant with a wide arrangement about VANET demands should overhaul development prosperity, flexibility, and trademark security with pushed ahead unflinching quality.

A Review: Speech Recognition
Authors:- Sunil, Shweta, Tanya Gulati, Asst.Prof.Garima Singh

Abstract:- Speech recognition is the capability of a program to identify words and expression in spoken language and convert them to a binary language so computer system can understand. Each spoken word is split into discontinuous division which include many tones. This paper brief about the speech recognition system and how it’s work and application in day to day life.

Energy Preserve using LEACH protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Om Patel, Prof. Shiva Bhatnagar

Abstract:- In the time of new invention Networks many rising and future empower advancements achieve the prerequisites of pervasive correspondence systems. Remote Sensor Networks is a fundamental classification of these best in class advances, the gigantic worries of these systems are vitality proficient and efficient information accumulation. Bunch based directing in WSNs is a colossal answer for upgrade the vitality productivity of the hubs and creative information gathering. Many examinations on organize lifetime and information accumulation have been proposed by the (LEACH) Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy conspire that permits the part of the group head turned among the sensor hubs and endeavors to disseminate the vitality utilization through every one of the hubs. The lifespan of WSNs are influenced by the Cluster Head choice; this is often on the grounds that a CH expends additional power than a Cluster (non-CH) hub. Inthis examination think about, a vitality effective bunch head choice in Mobile WSN is proposed, investigated and approved on the premise of remaining vitality and randomized determination of the hub, which is not doled out as a group head in past round. Additionally, the proposed approach demonstrates the noteworthy changes when contrasted and LEACH and a unique Application Specific Network Protocol for Wireless detector Networks conventions regarding vitality utilization of sensor hubs, improved system lifetime and proficient information assembling because of less vitality utilization amid information transmission.

Study of Different Types of Mixer Topologies
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Ranjan Patel, Asst. Prof. Priyanshu Pandey

Abstract:- In this paper, a comparative study of different types of mixer topologies is presented. Gilbert cell is widely used as core of the mixer because it provides high conversion gain, good port-to-port isolation and low even-order distortion. It is found that the linearity of mixer is very good for Multi-Tanh technique by incorporating multiple differential trans-conductance stage but it reaches to very low conversion gain whereas, use of current bleeding technique increase linearity and conversion gain of the mixer by adding current source to increase the bias current at the expense of power consumption. A very low value of noise figure can be achieved with the switched biasing technique by replacing current source with parallel connected nMOS transistors but due to use of the transistor in place of tail current source, linearity is degraded and more power is consumed. Folded Cascode Technique is used to reduce DC supply voltage by folding the LO switching stage with pMOS transistors in switching stage but it degrades the noise figure. Bulk-driven technique can be employed to lower down the power consumption by providing the switching action via the gate of LO (RF) and amplification by the bulk of LO (RF) transistors, however it reduces the linearity. High linearity is obtained by using CCPD (Cross coupled post distortion) technique by cancelling of third order derivatives but it decreases the conversion gain and consume more power due to increase in the number of auxiliary transistors. MGTR enables to achieve high linearity by incorporating auxiliary transistor but it decreases the overall conversion gain and increases noise figure of the mixer. So it is observed that there is a trade-off among the performance metrics, i.e., conversion gain, noise figure linearity, and power consumption of the mixer.

Review of Wide Bandwidth Low Power Low Noise Amplifier
Authors:- M.Tech. Scholar Shradha Chouhan, Asst. Prof. Priyanshu Pandey

Abstract:- Recently, Low noise amplifier versatile used in modern wireless communication like Wi-Max, WLAN, GSM, Bluetooth and satellite communication. Low Noise amplifier have important feature like amplify the signal with rejection of noise. Low noise amplifier in modern communication used as filter with amplifier. In recent scenario low noise amplifier available in wide band, single band, multi-band frequency of application. In present days low noise amplifier the also reduces the reflection of signal exist by elements and connecting interface inside the amplifier. Low noise amplifier available with high gain, noise rejection and with less power consumption. In this paper review the work of past decades done in low noise amplifier. Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) is versatile used as a broadband mixer, low noise amplifier, power amplifier and Darlington amplifier, active balunes, multiband amplifier. Today technology required high speed of transmission efficiency with small power consumption and less utilization of elements in proposed amplifier, Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) products full fill all requirement of modern wireless communications, so that review and discussion, future requirement of technology is needed to discuss. In this paper discusses issues of low noise amplifier, its application, issues and recent trends. In this paper review some techniques of Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) to improve perform and surveyed almost all the Possible Work of Past Decades.

Image Encryption using Steganography
Authors:- Srinvas Nishant, Sarath Dasari, Anisha M Lal

Abstract:- steganography is the art of hiding information within other information in such a way that it is hard or even impossible to identify the existence of any hidden information. There are many different carriers for steganography. Of which, most popular ones are digital images. Due to recent developments in steganalysis, providing security to personal contents, messages, or digital images using steganography has become difficult. His paper intends to give an overview of image steganography, its uses and techniques. It also attempts to identify the requirements of a good stenographic algorithm and briefly reflects on which stenographic techniques are more suitable for which applications.

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