IJSRET Volume 4 Issue 2, Mar-Apr-2018

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QR Code Steganography Using  Encryption

Authors: Sitara Baburaj, Simi Mathai, Yogini Thakare, Amreen Shaikh

Abstract: – This paper focuses on providing a secured method of sending data using cryptography, steganography and QR Code. Internet is prone to all kinds of malicious activities like stealing of information, destroying the integrity of data, unauthorized authentication etc. We develop a system, which helps to send information in the form of an image to the receiver. The message sent is encoded into the QR code. The message is encrypted using DES algorithm for providing additional security to the QR Code. Data Encryption Algorithm is a block cipher algorithm, used in encryption. DWT technique hides the QR Code into the image. Compression of QR Code provides storage capacity and robustness. The Peak Signal-to- Noise Ratio calculates the efficiency of system.

Intelligent Search System Based on WPRVOL and Feedback Mechanism

Authors: Rupali Tadolge, Dhanashree Parulekar, Umesh Patil, Tina D’abreo

Abstract: – Now-a-days, huge amount of digital information is stored in trillions of webpages which are interlinked in World Wide Web. Due to rich hyper structure of web, user get easily lost. Search engine performs lots of computations to obtain specific information against user query and returns many web pages.These webpages are then ordered by ranking algorithm which can be based on number of links or count of visits of links. In this paper, a modified ranking mechanism considering both visits of links as well as time spent on web pages by user is proposed. So, this algorithm can be used to find useful result list based upon user browsing behavior.

RFID Based Bus Ticketing System

Authors: Bhumik Patel, Parthvi Pandey, Durvesh V. Sonar, Tina D’abreo

Abstract: – In today’s world, bus transport system has problems due to paper-based ticketing system, the conductor cannot travel throughout the bus if there’s rush and there are many cases of someone losing a ticket. The money change causes quarrels among passenger and conductors and the main problem is paper pollution caused due to paper waste. These problems are solved by making much more public friendly system which will provide a systematic travelling experience. With the help of RFID cards and scanners, a passenger will be validated or authorized to travel in bus.

Deep Web Crawler: Smart Crawler

Authors: Aishwarya. S, Bharathi Malakreddy A

Abstract: – The Internet is a collection of huge amount of data where the information is arranged in thousands of servers. This huge collection of data is challenging in retrieving relevant information. Due to dynamic nature of deep web, the challenging issue is achieving high efficiency. To present the relevant data, two stage frame work namely “Smart-Crawler” is proposed. In the first stage, site-based searching is performed by Smart-Crawler with the help of search engine. In the second stage, smart crawler performs fast in-site searching by retrieving the relevant link. This helps in retrieving relevant links from large scale sites and performs efficiently than other crawlers.

IoT Enabled Garbage Monitoring System

Authors: P. Josephine Sorna, Bharathi Malakreddy A, Harinath H.N

Abstract: – IoT is visualized to be a productive global infrastructure where substantial and virtual things possess self-configuring property, existence and intelligent interfaces to articulate with each other and share data. In this system, we focus to give an insight on the implementation of IoT based real time monitoring of garbage levels in trash cans. The garbage levels are monitored using IR sensors and the concerned authorities are notified about the status of the garbage once it reaches the assigned threshold value. Furthermore the paper will present and discuss the idea behind the design and implementation of IoT enabled garbage monitoring system.

Street Light Automation using IoT

Authors: Ms. Akshatha. T., Dr. Bharathi Malakreddy A, Mr. Harinath N

Abstract: – The Automatic Street Light Control System is a simple yet powerful concept, which uses transistor as a switch. By using this system manual works are 100% removed. It automatically switches ON lights when the sunlight goes below the visible region of our eyes. This is done by a sensor called Light Dependant Resistor (LDR) which senses the light actually like our eyes. It automatically switches OFF lights whenever the sunlight comes, visible to our eyes. By using this system energy consumption is also reduced because now a days the manually operated street lights are not switched off even the sunlight comes and also switched on earlier before sunset. In this project, no need of manual operation like ON time and OFF.

Enhancement of Soft Core Processor Clock Synchronization DDR Controller and SDRAM by Using RISC Architecture

Authors: Sushmita Bilani, Mr. Sujeet Mishra

Abstract: – With the ongoing advancements in the present VLSI industry System-on-Chip (SoC) is allowed to integrate multiple complex functions into a single chip, but still demand a single and shared main off-chip SDRAM for data storage. Consequently, the main memory controller has become an important factor in determining the overall system performance. It is a tough job to choose a memory controller that meets the exact demands of the whole system design. The Single Data Rate (SDR) SDRAM controller is to receive read and write requests, to generate the proper commands and to control the data bus of SDRAM. A 32-bit length Linear Feedback Shift Register (LFSR) is generates random number patterns automatically and those patterns are fed to the SDRAM and stored in it. The core controller then performs read/write operations to access the data stored in the memory banks. The core also performs all initialization and refresh functions. In this paper, we emphasized the designing of SDRAM controller architecture and its Interfacing with LFSR and SDR SDRAM. The design is described using VHDL language and simulations, resource utilization and power analysis are done in Xilinx ISE 14.5 and Modelsim 10.1b.

IOT Based-Smart Agriculture Monitoring System for Improving Production and Cultivation

Authors: Mrs. Sireesha, E. Hymavathi, A.Sravani, D. Bharath kumar Yadav, E. Abishek

Abstract: – Internet of Things (IoT) has upset numerous fields in the current past. It addresses numerous viewpoints identified with the information administration, stockpiling and availability. This work will center around the utilization of IoT to programmed water system framework. The framework will utilize a microcontroller, ideally of 8-bit. Microcontroller utilizes remote sensor hubs put in the ranch and gathers data, for example, temperature, soil dampness, water level, weight, stickiness. This data assembled is then put away on cloud. Microcontroller utilizes a WiFi module associated in station mode. The WiFi module builds up an association with a switch and posts the information occasionally to the cloud. It utilizes the normal IEEE 802.11 standard convention stack for correspondence amongst gadget and the web. Information transmitted to the cloud can be utilized to control the water system. The framework can be additionally reached out to caution the rancher to make vital strides as per the climate parameters.

Indoor Green Ecosystem

Authors: Mehebub Rahman,Dr.Bharathi MalakReddy,
Mr.Harinath H.N,

Abstract: – An adequate water supply is important for plant growth. We know people do not pour the water on to the plants in their garden when they go to vacation or often forget to water plants. As a result, there is a chance to get the pants damaged. In the proposed system we implement sensors which detect the moisture level in the soil. The proposed system is a microcontroller based design which controls the water supply. Soil moisture sensor measure the volumetric water content in soil by using property of soil such as electrical resistance, dielectric constant, or interaction with neutrons, as a proxy for the moisture content. Moisture readings are continuously monitored. If the moisture level is found to be below the desired level, the moisture sensor sends the signal to the Arduino board which triggers the water pump to turn On and supply the water to respective plant. When the desired moisture level is reached, the system halts on its own and the water pump is turned Off.

IoT based Low-cost Weather Monitoring System

Authors: Alpana Kushwaha, Dr.Bharathi MalakReddy

Abstract: – Climate is the condition of the environment, to the extent that it is hot or chilly, wet or dry, quiet or stormy, clear or overcast. Man desires to stay up to date about the modern day of new weather conditions of any place like a university campus or another precise building. Checking the climate conditions physically is troublesome. Here on this paper the weather station is based totally on IoT (internet of things). The “Weather Bot” reports the climate data of the college campus by showing the temperature and humidity of the air on e-bulletin board from the reading that is sensed. Such a framework contains sensor like DHT11 that detects temperature and humidity. The sensor is associated with an e-bulletin board and ESP8266 board that is a low fee Wi-Fi module. By keeping the embedded devices in the environment for tracking enables us to know the college campus weather. The execution of the climate observing framework needs to convey the sensor gadgets in the surrounding for gathering the information and analysis.

V-MART: Online Student Shopping Portal

Authors: Bhavesh Kumar Vasnani, Aman Goyal

Abstract: – Internet shopping is a current marvel in the Field of E-Business and is certainly going to Be the fate of shopping on the planet. The Majority of the organizations are running Their on-line entryways to offer them Items/benefits online. Despite the fact that On the web, shopping is exceptionally normal outside India, its development in Indian Market, which is a substantial and vital purchaser advertise, is still not in accordance with the worldwide market. The potential development of on the web shopping has set off leading an examination on the web shopping in India. The present research paper has utilized Subjective and Quantitative research strategies to examine the effect of Demographic variables of purchasers on-line shopping parameters like fulfillment with online shopping, future buy goal, recurrence of on-line shopping, quantities of things bought, and generally, spend online shopping.

Color Image Watermarking Using Singular Value Decomposition

Authors:B. Deepika, Ch. Meeravali, N. Yashoda, M. Bhavani, C. Srikanth

Abstract: – In this project, another picture watermarking calculation on shading pictures is proposed. The proposed calculation isolates a cover picture into three shading groups of red, green and blue. At that point the accompanying undertakings are done on every one of the three channels independently. Initially, Each shading band is partitioned into patches of little sizes at that point the entropy of each fix is ascertained. At this stage a edge is discovered in view of the normal entropy of all patches and following is connected to all patches which have entropy lower than the limit. A wavelet portrayal of each fix are given by applying a discrete wavelet change. At that point Singular esteem disintegration, orthogonal-triangular decay, and a trill z-change are utilized to install a watermark on the cover picture. A few flag preparing assaults are connected on watermarked pictures with a specific end goal to vigor of the calculation. The Proposed calculation is contrasted and one ordinary and two state-ofthe-workmanship calculations. Test comes about show predominance of the proposed calculation contrast and other calculation in the zone of picture watermarking.

Implementation of Image Fusion by Using DDCT Based Hybrid Algorithm

Authors:M. Tech. Scholar Shivani Harinkhede, Asst. Prof. Mr. Sujeet Mishra

Abstract: – In this paper various methods for Image fusion of source image data are analyzed and discussed. The main focus in this work is Image fusion algorithms based on structure. The central aspect in context modeling is different context templates, which are based on DDCT coefficients, local gradients and intensity of samples in the image. This work includes research on how to use DDCTstructure, prediction modeling and probability assignment in image fusion based on context modeling technique. The main advantage over current methods is increasing effectiveness of image fusion and developing new Image fusion methods based on context modeling for different type grayscale images: medical, astronomical, noisy natural images.

A Survey on Properties and Different Features of Digital Image Watermarking

Authors:M. Tech. Scholar Gorkhnath Bhure, Asst. Prof. Pankaj Sharma

Abstract: – Image Watermarking is used for copyright protection, authentication and ownership of the intellectual property. Visual cryptography is technique in which secret data is decomposed into number of shares and distributed to participants, So that only participants can read that data. Image Visual Cryptography is used to keep the data private from unauthorized users. Here detail survey of different image watermarking techniques used by various researchers is detailed. Various properties of the image data hiding were explained.

Environmental Drivers That Influenced Microalgae in Sewage Water Treatment

Authors: Asst.prof. R. Akila, M. Kavya, T. Priya, M. Hema

Abstract: – Organic and inorganic substance which were released into the environmental as a result of domestic,agriculture, and industrial water activities lead to organic and inorganic pollution. Treatment of waste water with Microalgae based system have the abilty to remove(Nitrogen, Phosphate and other nutrients),BOD,COD and other impurities present in the waste water by using sunlight,co2 and impurities like nutrients present in the waste water. The normal Primary and Secondary treatment processes of these wastewater have been introduced in a growing number of place , in order to eliminate the easily settled materials and to oxidize the organic material present in waste water. the microalgae treatment system is economical,green,and environmental friendly option of wastewater treatment.

Experimental Study on Strength of Concrete with Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate by using Steel Slag

Authors: Asst.prof. Parthiban.L,Kiruba Rexalin.J, Geetharani.K. A, Nalayini.S, Elavarasi.P

Abstract:–Concrete is a important building material in construction industry. It is a homogeneous mixture of cement, fine aggregate and coarse aggregate along with the water, the strength of concrete is mainly depends upon the cement content. Now a day there is the chastity in the availability of aggregate. In same time is lots of wastage is produced day by day specifically steel wastes are produced in large scale. So that we planned our project towards replacement of fine aggregate partially with the crushed steel slag with the percentage of 5%, 10%, 15%,20% added on concrete In this project we are prepared cubes , cylinder using normal concrete and there are tested in concrete using steel slag.

Experimental Study of Plastic Bricks Using Polyethylene Wastes as Partial Replacement of M-Sand

Authors: Asst.Prof. Parthiban.L, S.Rama Moorthi, R.Sakthivel, A.Sathish, S.Vignesh

Abstract:–The main aim of this work is to reduce the plastic waste that is raising the present world and to achieve this; a system is designed incorporating a plastic extruder which plays a prominent part in recycling waste plastic into useful products. This work uses waste plastic and converts them into building materials with the help of an extruder, thereby reducing the plastic waste which is a key factor for the environmental pollution. This project reviews one of the sustainable and effective ways of managing plastic waste in urban and rural parts of India in order to minimize their adverse environmental impacts. The paste contained noting more than M-sand, plastic and thermocol. After thorough mixing, the paste was poured into a rectangular mould with standard brick dimensions. The paste took only 20 minutes to settle and harden. Cooling of the set was done by water cooling and after 5 more minutes the brick was extracted from the mould. It had a dark grey texture and increased weight by the initial analysis. Local brick testing methods were conducted such as free fall of the brick and scratch test. In both of those tests, our brick showed increased strength. The brick was subjected to compressive test, water absorption test and efflorescence test. The results showed promise, that the Plastic Composite Brick was efficient than the clay brick and cement brick.

Design and Development of Over Head Tank Cleaner

Authors:Raviteja shetti kp, Khaja Ts, Sunil kumar, Narasagonda Bhojgonda

Abstract:–Water is one of those natural resources, which is essential to each and every human being for many purposes, especially for drinking. We already know that earth is composed of water (three-fourth of the earth), but the entire three fourth isn’t fresh water. Therefore, it is our duty to save water, keep the fresh water as much fresh as possible, and also to keep it free from water pollutants. The water that’s pumped to our home is undoubtedly clean, but is the place where it gets stored clean as well? Yes, we are talking about the overhead water tanks. The health of your water largely depends on how clean your water tank is. Hence, cleaning overhead water tank is very necessary. Our aim of this project is to develop a mechanical system for cleaning domestic cylindrical water tank. The mechanical system includes motor, shaft, battery and Arms with brushes. The arms are adjusted according to the dimensions of the tank, once adjusted the machine is switched ON, the motor draws power from the battery and rotates the shaft with low RPM and high torque, the brushes mounted on the arms starts scrubbing the inner walls of the tank.

A Review Article of Instrumentation Amplifier 16-Bit Pipelined Analog-to Digital Converter (Adc) Designed

Authors:M.Tech.Scholar Neha Chhipa, Asst. Prof. Krishnakant Sharma

Abstract:–An Instrumentation Amplifier 16-bit pipelined analog-to digital converter (ADC) is designed in this Report. The pipelined architecture realizes the high-speed and high-resolution. To reduce some complexities of flash ADC pipeline ADC is used. The calibration schemes of pipelined ADC limit absolute and relative accuracy. Deviations in residue amplifier gain results due to low intrinsic gain of transistors, and mismatching between all the capacitors of capacitance 1pF result in both deviations in residue amplifier gain and DAC nonlinearity in a pipelined ADC. To image the world, a low-power CMOS image sensor array is required in the vision processor. The image Instrumentation Amplifier array is typically formed through photo diodes and analog to digital converter (ADC). To achieve low power acquisition, a low-power mid-resolution ADC is necessary. Digital correction allows also to use very low power dynamic comparators. The multiplying D/A converters (MDACs) utilize a modified folded dynamic amplifier.

A Survey on Privacy of Document Retrieval Different Techniques and Features Analysis

Authors:M.Tech. Scholar Nishu Kumari, Asst. Prof. Ritu Ranjani Singh

Abstract:–As the digital data increases on servers different researcher have focused on this field. From last few decades document are obtained from the various set gathered data from users, researcher, authors, etc. In this paper privacy of text document retrieval was detailed by various techniques of researchers. Here diverse attributes for the document privacy was explained with their necessities as attribute vary as per text study. Document classification algorithm are detailed with, text mining per-processing working steps will remove noisy data from the initial dataset.

Mechanical Properties of No-Fines Concrete

Authors:Asst.Prof.Saravanan.N, Parthiban.S,Silambarasan.S, Vignesh.T, Tamil Selvan.R

Abstract:–No – Fines concrete is the type of small light weight concrete .which is obtained by eliminating the fine material sand, from the normal concrete mix, the single–sized coarse aggregates are surrounded and it is held together by a thin layer of cement paste giving strength of concrete .the main objective is high inter connected voids in a concrete allow the water to seep through concrete which is an advantages in terms of ground water recharge. It is generally made with the aggregate/cement ratio from 1:6 to 1:10,aggregates generally used are normally of size passing through 20mm and retained on 10mm.The water cement ratio varies between narrow range of 0.38 and 0.52. Properties of no fines concrete are compressive strength, and split tensile strength were performed.

Comparison of Physical Properties of Various Brands of Cement, Fine Aggregate, Coarse Aggregate Including M-Sand Available from Local Market

Authors:Asst.Prof. Parthiban L., Arun.S, Balakumar.S, Boobalan. S4 , Francis.A

Abstract:–This paper involves the determination of quality of building materials available in local market. The material studied includes sand , coarse aggregates , cement, which includes m-sand The various parameter like physical , chemical including strength are studied and compared to IS codes. It was found that the materials available in local market conforms to IS codes.

Smart Lab Automated control system using IOT

Authors:Shrutika Narhari, Rohini Shinde, Rutuja Gaikwad, Anuja Talathi, A.R.Kamble

Abstract:–There is a rapid increase in usage and dependence on the vibrant features of smart devices, the need for IOT in them is valid. Many existing systems have project into the globe of Lab Automation but have actually failed to provide cost-effective solutions for the same. We illustrate a methodology to provide a low cost Lab Automation System (LAS) using Bluetooth Module. A Bluetooth based Model is designed for the purpose of monitoring and controlling environmental, safety and electrical parameters of a smart organized home. The user can exercise flawless control over the devices in a smart Lab via the Android application based Graphical User Interface (GUI) on a Smart-phone.

Smart Lab Automation System

Authors:Shrutika Narhari, Rohini Shinde, Rutuja Gaikwad, Anuja Talathi, A.R.Kamble

Abstract:–There is a rapid increase in usage and dependence on the vibrant features of smart devices, the need for IOT in them is valid. Many existing systems have project into the globe of Lab Automation but have actually failed to provide cost-effective solutions for the same. We illustrate a methodology to provide a low cost Lab Automation System (LAS) using Bluetooth Module. A Bluetooth based Model is designed for the purpose of monitoring and controlling environmental, safety and electrical parameters of a smart organized home. The user can exercise flawless control over the devices in a smart Lab via the Android application based Graphical User Interface (GUI) on a Smart-phone.

Reducing Secure Channels by KAC with Broadcast Aggregate Keys for online Data Sharing on the Cloud

Authors:Asst. Prof. Mohemmed Yousuf Rahamathulla, M. Tech. Scholar Ms. Rayisa G Kolur

Abstract:–Sharing data is an important functionality in a public cloud. The data/files are stored in a cloud in an encrypted form and data owners want to give delegate rights to the Authorized cloud users. There is a particular secure channel exist between the data/files and the users which are costlier. There is a solution for this problem is key aggregate cryptosystem which combines all the secret keys of encrypted data and form a one constant size aggregate key which is used to decrypt multiple files from the cloud. In this paper we are creating CPA and CCA secure KAC, elliptic curves are efficiently using to implement the aggregate key. These constant size aggregate keys reduce the use of secret channels.

Mechanical Properties of concrete by using Egg shells with Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate

Authors:M.Bhuvaneswari

Abstract:–The present research design to check the workability and strength of egg shells by using with partial replacement of egg shells fine aggregate. This work has investigated the potential use of used egg shells as a concrete material. The egg shells mixed with 0%,5%,10%,15%,20%,25% replacement level. It is addiction of egg shells in mix design to find the workability like slump cone and hardened concrete to like Compressive Strength ,Split Tensile Strength and Flexural Strength of the concrete .To compare the strength between the partial replacement of egg shells aggregate concrete and conventional concrete. The results shows that 20% of egg shells aggregate add gives efficient results when compared to other percentage and conventional concrete.

Secured Geographic Protocol For Multipath Routing In Manets

Authors: M. Tech. Scholar Raghu P., Asst. Prof. Thanu Kurian, Asst. Prof. Deepa Acharya

Abstract:–Versatility and compact features the Ad hoc Networks of Mobile (MANETs) expands it by notoriety overlay. MANETs has turned into normally utilized system for different functions. In any case, the favorable position endures the genuine safety issues, for the most part a remote relaying platform viewpoint where such systems might be liable to parcel shedding. Convenience and flexible features of Ad hoc Networks of Mantes may in like manner incite association dissatisfaction. Amid parcel forward, significant bundles might be dropped by pernicious nodes show in the system. Connection blunder and vindictive bundle shedding are the two hotspots for parcel misfortunes in MANET. A node can be noxiously and it will hurt the parcel delivering strategy. Specially appointed on request remove vector (AODV) is a famous steering convention yet is presented to surely understood parcel shedding assault. Proposed framework presents another convention named Secured Geographic Routing (SGR), which can honestly identify parcel shedding assault in MANET. SGR can distinguish malignant nodes by recognizing shedding of steering and information bundle. Parcel shedding because of both connection blunder and nearness of malignant nodes can recognize. It additionally gives significance to protect security of information.

Study about the Fins of 4-Stroke Bike Fins using cfd Method

Authors:M.Tech. Scholar Suneel Kumar Yadav, Mr. Vijay Kant Pandey

Abstract:–Cooling plays vital role in optimum performance of internal combustion engine. The two widely used methods of thermal management of the engine are air cooling and liquid cooling. The air cooling method is the effective way of cooling for two-wheeler engines as its cost is less and it requires less space. The weight of air cooled engine is less than liquid cooled engines. The Heat is conducted from cylinder inside wall to the engine fin surface. The purpose of this experimental work is to study the forced conjugate heat transfer process taking place in engine cylinder block with varying wind speeds ranging from 40 km/hr to 100km/hr, varying environmental conditions, various fin pitch and fin width. The environmental conditions of India have vast variation. In present study, first the 3D model of the actual engine cylinder block of two-wheeler with 4-stroke Engine has been drawn in Ansys 15.0. The Average heat transfer coefficient for the surface of the engine cylinder block has been calculated with the help of commercially available CFD tool ANSYS Fluent. It is observed that wind velocity, environmental temperature, Fin Pitch and Fin width have significant effect on heat transfer from the engine.

Searching of multi-keywords in the images using OCR Technique

Authors:Asst. Prof.R.Tamilarasi, M.Tech.Scholar Ms. Bindu K.M

Abstract:–Cloud accepts workload computations and resources of the storages, and also it constitutes the protest on verification for compute & seclusion of the documents. Verification is investigated for safety protect multi-keyword search over ciphered documents in this work. Based on the server, the cloud server may or may not be return the incorrect results due to faults of the system or it may reduce the incentive computation cost, so here it is difficult to accept verifiability for searching outputs based on keyword search and safety protection for outsourced documents at the same time. To succeed these achievements, Verifiable safety protect multi-keyword Search plan is produced, called Verification Privacy Search, and it selects the homomorphic Message Authentication Code manner, it is integrated with a privacy-preserving multi-keyword search plan. The input we are taking as Images which should contain text keywords, so that the keyword extraction can be done using OCR extraction. The scheme is proposed that enables the client for verifying the searching outputs efficiently without storing a local copy of the outsourced documents. And random challenge technology is proposed according to the order for verifying top multi-keyword searching outputs; this technique detects incorrect top-keyword outputs with probability close to 1. So this work provides details on securing performance, verification, safety, and efficiency of the proposed plan. At lastly, Verification Privacy Search is implemented using java and also it evaluates its process on three UCI bag-of-words data groups.

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